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4everHopeful  
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bullet Topic: Arabic Phrases and their meanings
    Posted: 26 January 2005 at 3:39pm

"Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem."   In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the
Merciful

"Insha'llah." (If Allah wills.)

"Masha-Allah." (As Allah willed.)

Jazakullah khair." (Allah reward you.)

"Astaghfirullah." (Allah forgive.)

"Alhumdulillah." (Praise Allah.)

"Assalamu 'alaykum." (Peace be upon you.)

"Wa 'alaykum assalam." (And upon you be peace.)

"Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi rajiun."
(To Allah we belong and to Him we return.)

Allahu Akbar.  "Allah is the Greatest!"

Aoothoo billahi meen ash-shaytan ar-rajeem.  "I seek Allah's protection from Satan the accursed."

Hasbun Allah wa ni'am al-wakil.  "Allah suffices me and He is the best guardian."

Subhan Allah. "Glory to Allah." 

la howla wa la quwata illa billah (there is no might or power execpt with Allah)


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4everHopeful  
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bullet Posted: 26 January 2005 at 3:49pm

A

Adhan - Call to prayer.
Ahlul-Kitaab - "People of the Book". A qur'anic term for Jews and Christians.
Akhirah - The day of judgment.
Al-Fatiha - The first Surah in the Qura'an.
Al-Jannah - "The Garden"; paradise.
Allah - God.
Al-Quds - "The Holy"; Jerusalem.
Al-Saum - The fast.
Arafat - A famous place of pilgrimage, south-east of Makkah.
'Asr - Afternoon prayer.
Ayat - Verses, proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations.


B

Baitullah - "House of Allah"; mosque.

C

Caliph - Imam or muslim ruler.
Caliphate - Muslim state.

D

Dawah - Dissemination of the message of Islam; invitation to become a muslim.
Deen - Faith.

E

Eid Al-Adha - The four day celebration starting on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijja (the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
Eid Al-Fitr - The three day celebration breaking the fast of Ramadan.

F

Fajr - Dawn (before sunrise) prayer.
Fatwa - Islamic ruling.

H

Hadith - Report of a statement or action of the Prophet
Hady - Animal sacrificed by the pilgrim during Hajj.
Hajj - (Major) pilgrimage. One of the five pillars of Islam. The pilgrimage to Makkah is required of every able Muslim at least once in a lifetime.
Halal - Lawful or permissible.
Haram - Unlawful or forbidden.
Hijab - "Covering".
Hijra - To leave one area and move to another, to emigrate.

I

Iftaar - The light meal eaten by Muslims breaking their fast after sunset.
Imam - Leader of prayer, muslim caliph.
Iman - Faith, belief.
Iqamat Al-Salat - The offering of prayers perfectly.
'Isha' - Late evening prayer.
Islam - Submission, surrender and obedience (to God)

J

Jama'at - A group of people, a party with a common manifesto.
Jannah - Heaven, paradise
Jihad - :quot;Struggle"; defense of Islam.

K

Ka'ba - The house built by Abraham with the help of his son Ishmael. The holy Qur'an says that this was the first house built for mankind, located in Makkah, where muslims go for the Hajj.
Kafir - Concealer (disbeliever).
Kufr - To conceal (disbelief).

M

Maghrib - Sunset (evening) prayer.
Makrouh - Though not haram (forbidden), this is something that is disliked or offensive.
Malak - Literally means &message-bearer& and in Islamic texts to refer to Angels.
Marwah - A small hill, which protects the Ka'ba from the north.
Masajid - Plural of Masjid.
Masjid - Mosque; the place where salat or prayer is offered, also serves as the center of all activities of the muslim ummah.
Muhrim - One who assumes the state of Ihram for the purpose of performing the Hajj or 'Umra.
Muhrima - A female in the state of Ihram.
Muhsar - A Muhrim who intends to perform the Hajj or 'Umra but cannot because of some obstacle.
Mujahid - A Muslim warrior in Jihad.
Mu'min - Faithful.
Muslim - Obedient servant of God.
Muttaqun - Pious and righteous persons who fear and love Allah.

Q

Qiblah - The direction in which all Muslims turn their faces in prayers towards the Ka'ba in Makkah.

R

Ramadan - The month of fasting; the ninth month of the Hijri calendar.
Riba' - Usury (forbidden).
Risalah - Prophethood.

S

Saheeh - "Sound" or "correct", referring to authentic hadith.
Salat - Prayer. One of the five pillars of Islam.
Shari'ah - Divine law.
Sawm - Fasting. One of the five pillars of Islam.
Shari'ah - Divine law.
Suhoor - The meal eaten by fasting muslims just before dawn.
Sunnah - "Way", "manner" or "method" (of the Prophet).

T

Takfeer - To declare kufr (disbelief) about someone or denounce them as a disbeliever.
Tawhid - Monotheism.

U

Ummah - Nation or community.
'Umrah - (Minor) pilgrimage.

Y

Yehoodi - Jew.

Z

Zamzam - The sacred well inside the Haram (grand mosque) at Makkah.
Zanadiqa - Athiests.
Zakat - Poor's due. One of the five pillars of Islam.
Zuhr - Noon, mid-day prayer.


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4everHopeful  
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bullet Posted: 26 January 2005 at 3:55pm

Here are some links for glossaries of islamic terms:

http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/reference/glossary.html#A

http://all-for-allah.tripod.com/id13.html

If anyone wants me to add a word PM me and I'll add it to the list.


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mollythedolly  
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bullet Posted: 28 January 2005 at 11:53am
Hi There...

having the definitions is wonderful but it would also be useful to add examples of situations where you would use the phrase's so it makes sense in the sentence too.  

I don't know all the situation where you would use each one but  I have generally figured out Masha-Allah is often used in places where and English speaker might say How cute, or mygoodness aren't you clever! (not sarcastically of course)


SubhanAllah seems to be often used when we are seriously impressed.  Such as SubhanAllah, you ate that all by yourself!!
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hamayoun  
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bullet Posted: 28 January 2005 at 12:45pm
AA

Here's some of the situations:

When starting an action
Say-Bismillah (In the name of Allah)

When making an intention
Say: Inshallah (If Allah wills)

When something is being praised
Say Subhan Allah (Glory to God)

When in pain or distress
Say: Yaa Allah (O Allah)

When expressing appreciation
Say: Mashallah (As much as Allah desired)

When thanking someone
Say: Jazak-Allahu Khayran (May Allah reward you for the good)

When awakening from sleep
Say: La ilaha-illalla (There is no deity, but Allah)


May Allah give me patience, Ameen.

My blog: http://regularbaba.blogspot.com/
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4everHopeful  
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bullet Posted: 28 January 2005 at 7:19pm

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Wilber  
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bullet Posted: 25 February 2005 at 5:12pm

I just found this site.  Thought it was useful.

http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/reference/glossary.html

Can't we live together?
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Muslima007
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bullet Posted: 28 February 2005 at 3:12am

InshAllah, this should help our new muslim brothers & sisters as well as our non-muslim friends who frequent this forum.

I strongly encourage the addition of more words/phrases to the list   Tongue

definitions of some commonly used islamic words and phrases 

  • Alhamdulilah=all praise due to Allah
  • Allah Akbar=God is great.
  • Assalaamo Alaikum**='Peace be upon you'(used when greeting other muslims)
  • Dawah=inviting others to Islam, missionary work
  • dua=(literally 'calling') prayer or supplication to Allah(S.W.T.)
  • dunya=this world, as opposed to the Hereafter
  • Halal=allowed
  • Haram=forbidden
  • InshAllah='God willing' or 'if Allah wills'
  • Jannah=paradise, heaven
  • Jazek Allah Khair='May Allah reward you well'
  • Masjid/Mosque=A place of worship.
  • MyshAllah='Oh my God'
  • nabi=prophet
  • PBUH-(May Allah's) Peace be upon him (seen after the name of a prophet)
  • the Prophet=(when the word prophet is capitalized)refers to God's final prophet and messenger-Muhammad(S.A.W.)
  • Sahaba=companions of the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.)
  • Salam=peace
  • salat (or salah)= (literally refers to the spiritual relationship & communication between creature & creator) the formal prayer
  • S.A.W.-Sallalahuu Alayhi Wasallam=May Allah's peace & blessings be upon him (seen after the name of a prophet)
  • SubhannahAllah=Praise or glory be to Allah
  • S.W.T.-Subhannahuu Wata ala = Glory be to Him, Most High. [seen after Allah(=God) also means- Allah is purified of having a partner or son]
  • thikr=(literally 'remembrance') refers to remembrance of Allah(S.W.T)
  • Wa Alaikum ma salam='and upon you be peace'(reply to greeting above**)

 



Edited by Muslima007
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aisha  
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bullet Posted: 08 March 2005 at 3:35pm

I know the thread was started as arabic phrases and their meanings,but i'd like to add on to these a few short dua's and thier  meanings.......

1.Prayer while rising up in the morning.
Allamdu lillah al-ladhi ahyana ba'da ma amatana wa ilayh innushu
-praise be to Allah who gave us new life after giving us death (sleep is also considered to be light death);and we have to return back to Him.


2.Payer while performing an abulution(al-wudu')
Bismillah al-'Azimi wal hamdu lillahi 'ala din al-Islam.

-I begin in the name of Allah,the Exalted and all the praises are due to Allah for guiding towards the religion of Islam


3.Prayer while retiring to bed.
Allahumma bi ismika amutu wa ahya
-O Allah with your name i die(sleep being light death)and(with your name)i become alive(rise from sleep)


4.Prayer for Allah's forgiveness and prosperous life with saftey and health in both worlds.
Allahumma inni as'aluuka al-'afwa wal 'afiyata fid dunia wal akhira
-O A llah!i seek your forgiveness and saftey(health and prosperity)in this world and the Here after.


5.Prayer asking Allah's guidence to make one humble.
Allahumma ij'alni soghiran fi ayni wa kabiran fi a'yun al-nasi.
O Allah!Make me (look and feel)small in my own eyes,but big in the eyes of other people.


6.Prayer for repentance from one's sins
Allahumma maghfiratuka ausa'u min dhunubi wa rahmatuka arja 'indi min 'amali
O Allah !Thine forgiveness is greater than my sins ,and Thine Mercy is of greater hope to me than my (poor) actions.


7.Prayer before starting eating one's meal
Bismillah wa'ala barkat Allah.
In the name of Allah and on the blessing from Him


8.Prayer after finishing ones meal.
Allamdu lillahi allahi at'amana wa saqana wa ja'alana min al-Muslimin
Praise be to Allah who fed us,gave us drink and made us out of those sumbit themselves to Him.


9.Prayer for forgiveness from Allah
Allahumma innaka 'Afuwwun tuhibb al'afwa fa'fu 'anni.
O A llah!Thou art the greatest Forgiver.Thou love to forgive:do forgive me.


10.Prayer to be said 7 times after the morning (salat al-subh)and the sun set(salat al _magrib)prayers to be safe from  the fire of hell.
Allahumma ajirni min an-nar
O Allah!save from the fire of hell.


 



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4everHopeful  
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bullet Posted: 28 November 2005 at 5:14pm

Islamic Expressions


taken from: http://www.geocities.com/mutmainaa/expressions.html

 

There are a number of different collections of Islamic terms and common expressions. Here is a collection that I have found to be most useful to explain common expressions and terminology used by Muslims.

 

ALAYHIS SALAM-
'Peace be upon him', a formula used after the name of a prophet


AMEEN-
The Arabic expression meaning 'Please accept.' Used at the end of prayers and supplictions.


ASSALAMU ALAYKUM
'Peace be upon you' the greeting of the muslim
[the reply is 'wa alaikumus salam' which means 'and peace be upon you. The fuller version reads, 'assalam u alaikum wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu' which means 'peace be upon you and the blessings and mercy of Alllah' the reply is 'wa alaikumus salam wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu']


ALLAHU AKBAR-
The Arabic expression meaning 'Allah is greater.' Also called the takbir


ALLAHU ALAM-
An Arabic expression meaning 'Allah knows best'


AL HAMDU LILAH WA SHUKRU LILLAH-
The Arabic expression meaning which means 'Praise belongs to Allah and all thanks to Allah'


AMMA BAAD-
An expression used for separating an introductory from the main topics in a speech; the introductory being usually concerned with Allahs praises and glorification. Literally it means 'whatever comes after'


ASTAGFURALLAH-
The Arabic expression meaning 'I ask forgiveness of Allah'


AUDHU BILLAHI MIN ASH SHAYTAN AR RAJIM-
The Arabic expression meaning 'I seek protection in Allah from the accursed satan.'


AZZA WA JAL-
A formula used after the mentioning the name of Allah meaning 'Mighty and Majestic is He'


BARAKALLAH FIK-
An expression which means 'May the blessings of Allah be upon you.' When a muslims wants to thank another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation and gratitude. One of them is BarakAllah


BISMILLAH AR RAHMAN AR RAHIM-
The basmala. 'In the name of Allah, the all Merciful the all Compassionate.'
[this is also translated as in the name of Allah most gracious most merciful]


FI AMANALLAH-
Valedictory phrase meaning 'In Allahs protection'


FI SABILILLAH-
The Arabic expression meaning 'In the way of Allah', 'For the cause of Allah' [also used to mean 'for the love of Allah']


HADHRAT/HAZRAT-
Literally 'Presence'; a term of address roughly equivalent to 'Your Honour'


HASBALA-
The Arabic expression, 'Hasbunallah wa nimalwakil' meaning 'Allah is enough for us and an excellent guardian'. Usually known as 'Hasbi Allah'


HAWQALA-
The Arabic expression, 'la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah' which means 'There is no power nor strength save (expect) by Allah'


INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILAYHI RAJIUN-
This is something which a muslim expresses when he is afflicted by a misfortune, the meaning of which is 'We are from Allah and to Him are we returning.' It is taken from an ayat (verse) from the Quran (ch 2 vs 156).
[this is usually said upon hearing of the death of an individual]


INSHALLAH-
The Arabic expression meaning 'If Allah wills'
[this is usually said when referring to a situation in the future e.g. inshAllah I will go to the grocery shop tomorrow etc]


ISTIGHFAR-
To ask the forgiveness of Allah, especially by saying, Astagfuralah, 'I seek the forgiveness of Allah'


ISTITHNA-
Exception, saying 'InshAllah', 'If Allah wills'


ITAQILLAH-
The Arabic expression meaning 'Fear Allah' - i.e. To fear to do something (i.e. a bad action), knowing that Allah is always watching.

JALLA JALALUH-
The formula said after the name of Allah meaning 'Great is His Majesty'


JAZAKALLAHU KHAIRAN-
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to a person who does a favour. Instead of saying 'shukran' (thanks), this phrase is used. It means 'May Allah reward you with good.


KARAM ALLAHU WAJHAHU-
'May Allah honour him', a formula used when Ali ibn Abi Talib (RadiAllahu Ta'ala anhu) is mentioned


LABBAYK-
'At your service', the talbiya or call of the pilgrim to his Lord in the hajj.

[the full talbiya is 'LabbaykAllah huma Labbayk, LabbaykAllah sharee kalala Labbayk, innal hamda, wa naimata lakawulmulk la shareekala' which means "Here I am O Lord, here I am, Oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner."]


LA HAWLA WALA QUWWATA ILLA BILLAH-
The meaning of this expression is 'There is no power nor strength save in Allah'. This is said by a muslim when he is struck with calamity, or is taken over by a situation beyond his control.


LI WAJHILLAH-
Literally, 'For the face of Allah', meaning in order to obtain the pleasure of Allah, purely for Allah himself.


MA SALAMA-
'With peace', a formula for ending letters


MASHALLAH-
A phrase literally meaning 'What Allah wishes', and it indicates a good omen
[example of usage, I get an A in a test, my mother would say MashAllah]


MALWANA
'Our master', a term of respect
[usually used in the context of referring to the Prophet , also however used in the context of referring to a learned individual e.g. scholar or imam, a concept I am not too keen on supporting and Allah knows best]


RABBANA WA LAKAL_HAMD-
'Our Lord, Praise if yours', said after rising from ruku after saying 'sami Allahuliman hamidah'
[which means 'Allah listens to the one who praises him']


RADIYALLAHU ANHA-
The formula 'May Allah be pleased with her' used after a female companion
[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]


RADIYALLAHU ANHU-
This is an expression to be used by muslims whenever a name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammed is mentioned or used in writing. IT means 'May Allah be pleased with him'
[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]


RADIYALLAHU ANHUM-
The formula, 'May Allah be pleased with them', used after a group of companions
[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]


RAHIMAHULLAH-
The formula, 'May Allah have mercy on him'


SALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM-
'May Allah bless him and grant him peace', the formula spoken after the mentioning of the Prophet Muhammed
[usually the following two sets of abbreviations are used for this phrase (pbuh) which means 'peace be upon him' and is the technical reply for all Prophets or (saws) the correct suffix when referring to the Prophet Muhammed ]


SAMI ALLAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH-
'Allah heard him who send praise to Him', said by someone praying when he rises from ruku (unless he is following an imam in prayer)
[if he is following an imam in prayer he says 'Rabana wala kalhamd' only]


SAYYIDUNA-
'Our Master', a term of respect. Literally means 'Lord' or 'Master, or 'Leader'
[usually used to refer to the Prophet Muhammed , however many people use it to refer to learned man / scholar, a practise I am not keen on - and Allah knows best]. It is also frequently used to denote a descendant of the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam)


SHUYUKH -
Magestic plural of Shaykh, literally meaning 'Old man' - an honorific title widely used to denote scholars, as well as tribal chieftians and notables.


SIDI-
Colloquial for 'Sayyidi' or 'Sayyiduna' - My 'Lord/Master/Leader' - an honorific term - especially popular in North Africa.


SUBHANALLAH-

'Glorified is Allah.' To honour Allah andmake Him free from all (unsuitable evil things) that are ascribed to Him, (or 'Glorified be Allah')


SUBHANAHU WA TA'ALA-
'Glorified is He and exalted,' an expression that muslims use when the name of Allah is pronounced or written
[this us usually abbreviated as (swt)]


TA'ALA-
'Exalted is He', an expression used after the name of Allah is mentioned
[i.e. Allah Ta'ala meaning, Allah, exalted be He]


TAAWWUDH-
Saying, 'I seek refuge in Allah...' (audhu billahi minash shaitan nirajeem)


TABARAKALLAH-
The formula 'Blessed is Allah' [usually used in the context of when one hears good news]


TAHMID-

Saying the expression 'alhamdulillah', which means 'Praise belongs to Allah'


TAKBIR-
Saying 'Allahu akbar', which means 'Allah is Great'


TALBIYA-
Saying 'Labbayk', which means 'At your service' during the hajj


TAMJID-

Glorifying Allah


TARDIYA-
Saying one of the expressions which begin with 'radiyallahu....'


TASBIH-
Glorification, saying 'SubhanAllah', which means 'Glory be to Allah'


TASHMIT -

Uttering a prayer for the sneezer which thes the form, 'yarhamuk Allah' which means 'may Allah have mercy on you'
[when a person sneezes he says, Ahamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), a person who hears the sneeze says 'yarhamuk Allah' and the sneezer replies 'Yahdikumul-lah wa Yuslih balakum' which means 'May Allah give you guidance and improve your condition.']


ULAMA -
Scholars, or learned men. Especially applied to religious scholars, but often used also for those learned in other branches of knowledge.



WAJHULLAH -
'The face of Allah', meaning for the sake of Allah, irrespective of any reward in this life, purely for Allah'


ZAWIYA -
Lodge of religious order or fraternity.

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