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a well wisher  
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 02 July 2009 at 10:29am

Jazakh Allah Khair...

 

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 11 July 2009 at 12:06pm

The Wider Context of Shura in Islam

Some people believe that Shura is restrcited to collective political decisions, but this is not the case. In fact, Shura is wider process compared to democracy, as it covers mutual consultations in all fields of life, including family, community and social fields

It is a consultation process that also applies to the area of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence)

Shura in Islam is first a human principle, then a social foundation and a foundation for a sound political system

(Extracts from a book titled "Shura and Istishara")

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 14 July 2009 at 1:30pm

Shura as a Basis for Human Rights and the Rights of Sharing Society's Wealth

The study of Shura as a general theory starts from the basics of human rights and freedoms, and rights of the nation.

Human rights in the Muslim law is not restricted to the individual freedoms which include freedom of opinion, freedom of ownership and managing one's wealth, but goes beyond that to the right of participation in the collective decisions of society and to share its wealth

(Extracts from a book titled "The Fiqh of Shura and Istishara")

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 15 July 2009 at 1:18pm
Jazakh Allah Khair Brother Tarek for posting these excerpts...
 
The extracts that you are kindly quoting ...are these books available in english and if so then can you please give the author and publisher's name....
 
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 15 July 2009 at 1:21pm
I translated these quotes from the Arabic text
 
To my knowledge, an English translation of this book written by the late Dr. Tawfik Al-Shawy is not yet available
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 15 July 2009 at 1:27pm

Masha Allah...

May Allah swt reward you for your efforts
Ameen
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 16 July 2009 at 12:01pm
Thank you sister

Elements of Collective Shura

1- The participation of members of the community, or their representatives, with their opinions in all decisions which relate to their public matters to protect the unity and best interest of the community

2- The freedom of opinion of all individuals within the community, and their right to freely discuss all opinions before selecting the decision to be implemented which all members are to abide by as a decision of the community (or the Ummah)

3- The purpose of the dialogue is to enable the group and its members to compare between different views in an objective way to choose the best option

4- The criteria in Islam for selecting the best option is to what extend it reflects the principles of Islam, its guidance and the foundation of its Shari'ah. Selecting the best alternative is to take place after free dialogue and debate

5- The decision becomes the binding decision of the community if it has full consensus, or at least a simple majority

(Extracts from a book titled "The Fiqh of Shura and Istishara" - p. 82-83)

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 17 July 2009 at 1:41pm
The Majority is a Valid Preponderant Factor
 
Common sense, Islamic law and reality necessitate the presence of an impetus that will scale decision making. This impetus or preponderant factor which has the upper hand on controversial issues is the number of people.
 
If two people agreed on an opinion and a single person had a different opinion, then it is most probably that they are on the right side because they outnumber him
 
 
Submission to the Majority Opinion in Uhud
 
The prophet, peace be upon him, sided with the opinion of the majority in Uhud to go to battle against the enemy outside of Madinah, though his initial opinion and the opinion of his closest Companions was to stay in Madinah
 
The Mutual Consultation of the Six Companions
 
Umar (the second Caliph) chose six of the Companions to hold a mutual consultation and determine who was to become the next caliph.
 
The majority of the six companions chose the next caliph, and the minority had to agree to their choice and obey the Caliph-elect. In case they ended up with a three-to-three vote they were to resort to an outsider - Abdullah ibn Umar - for extra vote that would scale up or down their final judgment.
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 05 August 2009 at 2:11pm

An interesting quote I read today on the issue of democracy from an Islamic point of view:

The Islamization of democracy is the closest thing to implementing Shura (consultation)

This is a general statement by a Muslim Tunisian thinker, but the important question is what are the mechanics and practical steps needed to "Islamize" democracy?

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 10 September 2009 at 2:18pm

SHURA: The Lost Essense of Islamic Organizations

The concept of Shura, literally consultation, in the Qur'an is widely misunderstood and underestimated, and worse yet, misapplied or ignored by many Muslim collectivities.

Allah the Exalted has commanded Shura not merely as a thing to do, but as a way of life for all forms of Muslim organizations. I use the word collectivity because it applies to all groupings:wherever there are more than one Muslim involved in any decision-making process, there is the domain of Shura, be it a family, a committee, an entire local community, or an entire country or a political arrangement.

Let us ponder the oft-quoted verse of the Qur'an about the concept of Shura: "And their affairs are (a matter of) Shura among them." [42:38]

http://www.aljumuah.com/editorial/13-shura-the-lost-essense-of-islamic-organizations

(Source: The Jumuah - Friday - Magazine)

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 10 September 2009 at 11:26pm
Originally posted by Al-Cordoby

An interesting quote I read today on the issue of democracy from an Islamic point of view:

The Islamization of democracy is the closest thing to implementing Shura (consultation)

This is a general statement by a Muslim Tunisian thinker, but the important question is what are the mechanics and practical steps needed to "Islamize" democracy?

 
Jazakh Allah Khair Brother Tarek for continuing this discussion ...
 
So how can one Islamize democracy?I read this article when I was trying to read up on Shura...Dr. Tawfik El-Shawi mention these points...

Three Basic Differences

El-Shawi, however, sees three basic differences between shura and democracy. First , he rejects "democracy" which can be utilized for non-democratic ends. "This is another kind of democracy which is despotic, which was practiced by socialist and Communist parties, called 'popular democracy. 'Here one party imposed its dictatorship in the name of the people," he notes. "We don't want to arrive at this."

Also, Dr. El-Shawi sees a dichotomy between free market capitalism devoid of a moral element and Islamic economic concepts, "which are based on a kind of social solidarity between the individuals in the community. " Islam teaches that it is society's duty to meet its members' basic needs. It is reported in Bukhari's collection of hadith, for instance, that the Prophet said, "He is not a true Muslim who eats his fill while his neighbor is hungry."

While the Social Security system in the United States is designed to help maintain the poor, Dr. El-Shawi believes that the Islamic system serves as a more solid basis for an equitable distribution of wealth.

Finally, because it is based on revelation from God rather than a secular foundation, Islam imposes clear limits on the ability of the members of a Muslim society to alter certain fundamental principles. The Qur'an and the sunna, unlike the US Constitution, are not subject to amendment or abrogation.

A second principle, which is found in the West but which has largely disappeared from the Islamic world, is that of unity. The concept of the unmwh is found throughout Islamic history. This ummah transcends political, linguistic, and ethnic boundaries and encompasses Muslims from a variety of backgrounds. Yet the contemporary Muslim world is a patchwork of nation-states characterized by dissension rather than unity.

 
 
That Jumuah magazine article cannot be read without a subscription...if you have access please do post it in its entirety...Thank you so much Brother Tarek
 
 
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 12 September 2009 at 1:12am
Thanks for the link
 
The Islamization of Democracy would involve fine-tuning the aspects of democracy which contradict with Islamic teachings.
 
Islam has a model for development which needs fine-tuning of the current model of free market capitalism, as for example the aim of the economic system would not be to maximize profits, but to maximize the well-being of society as a whole, within the framework of free market competition
 
As for laws and constitution, they would be based on The Qur'an and Sunnah. Any Law which contradicts The Qur'an and Sunnah would be unconstitutional
 
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 13 September 2009 at 12:15am
Jazakh Allah Khair
 
True...The free market capitalism in vogue is a major deterrent which is impeding the well being of society on the whole...Islam gives an alternative with a set of principles which can pave the way to acheiving stability in the current economic crisis faced all over the world with a equitable distribution of wealth....but I hope people are willing to listen to the voice of reason...
 
So democracy can be Islamicized....that is quite an interesting outlook...but like you said...what would be the practical steps towards doing so...it would be based on the shura principle for one thing....
 
That is why it is so important to properly understand this term in its true context...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 16 September 2009 at 1:56am
This paper by Dr. Fathi Osman gives more ideas on the issue of Shura and Democracy, which may be of interest:
 
Islam in a Modern State:

Democracy and the Concept of Shura

The Quran makes “shura” or “participation with others in making a decision that concerns them,” subsequent to and a consequence of the faith in God. It represents the positive response to His message and comes next to making prayers to Him, “and those, who respond to [the call of] their Lord, and keep up the prayers, and whose rule in a matter [of common concern] comes out of consultation among themselves...” (emphasis added).

The initiative of involving others in making a decision of common interest has to come from those who are responsible for leadership and making such decisions.

http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/private/cmje/issues/more_issues/Islam_in_a_Modern_State__Democracy_and_Shura.pdf

 

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