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Al-Cordoby  
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 06 October 2017 at 2:51am
Medieval Islamic Hospitals & Medical Schools

Medieval Islamic civilization focused a great deal of attention on developing the medical arts. A key aspect was the development of hospitals and medical schools throughout the period. A hospital got the name ‘bimaristan’ meaning ‘asylum of the sick’.

Medical practitioners saw the bimaristan as an institution devoted to the promotion of health, and the expansion of medical knowledge.

There, senior physicians taught the students medical techniques. Students learnt how to fully apply their knowledge when dealing with their patients. Hospitals set examinations for their students, and issued diplomas.

The bimaristan was the cradle of Islamic medicine. It was the prototype of the modern hospitals. These institutions weren’t only critical to the dissemination of medical learning. But they also formed the basis for hospitals and medical schools as we know them today.

By the 11th century there were even traveling clinics from these hospitals. These clinics brought medical care to those too distant or too sick to come to the hospitals themselves. Early Islamic medical facilities had several types like mobile dispensaries, first aid centers and permanent hospitals...

http://aboutislam.net/science/health/medieval-hospitals-medical-schools/



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Doris Replybullet Posted: 06 October 2017 at 10:32am
So what has happened since the 11th century. I have just read "I am Malala". The descriptions of why she could not be helped after she was shot in an Islamic hospital are very alarming.

I am also alarmed to read of Muslim groups who forbid polio vaccines and other life enhancing preventives.

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 06 October 2017 at 11:29am
Each civilization has its peak.



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 16 October 2017 at 5:30am
Abu Zayd Al-Balkhi Introduced the Concept of Mental Health in the 9th Century

Abu Zayd al-Balkhi was a 9th century Muslim polymath, whose writings touched on subjects as varied as geography, medicine, philosophy, theology, politics, poetry, ethics, sociology, grammar, literature and astronomy.

Born in 849 CE (235 AH) in the Persian village of Shamisitiyan, within the Balkh (from which he gets his name) province, now a part of modern day Afghanistan, he went on to write more than 60 books and manuscripts...

http://aboutislam.net/family-society/culture/abu-zayd-al-balkhi-introduced-concept-mental-health-9th-century/



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 23 October 2017 at 11:33am
Prominent Muslim Roboticists & Inventors

How great are the Iraqi Banu Musa brothers of the 9th century? What are the achievements of the Andalusian engineer Abbas Ibn Firnas? Would you like to know about the roboticist Al-Jazari who lived in the 12th century?

Jim Al-Khalili will guide us in this video through the work of the roboticists and innovators of the Golden Age of science (9th – 14thcenturies).

In fact, he looks at state-of-the-art robotic engineering and studies the history of early automatic machines.

Marvelous Ideas

He unpicks the principles behind the trick devices of Banu Musa brothers in the 9th century. Also, he shows a modern reconstruction of their ingenious ‘flute that plays itself’.

Additionally, Jim shows the intricate clocks and sophisticated water pumps designed by 12th century engineer Al-Jazari.

And he analyses the claims made of Abbas Ibn Firnas – who supposedly managed to get airborne all the way back in the 9th century...

http://aboutislam.net/science/science-tech/prominent-muslim-roboticists-inventors/



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 28 October 2017 at 6:01am
Timbuktu: West Africa's Empire of Knowledge

This is a very interesting new video when by Dr. Abdullah Hakim Quick on the history of Timbuktu, including the big gold mine below the Niger river, and the story of Mansa Musa, the richest man on earth:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXoVH8RWJi4

When we think of the Muslim world, we usually think of the Arab World and surrounding nations. Often, we overlook areas like sub-Saharan West Africa, home to millions of Muslims.

Today we'll look at the history of Islam in the region, with a particular focus on Timbuktu, an important centre of learning in the medieval Mali Empire.

To embark on this historical journey, we're joined by Dr. Abdullah Hakim Quick. Dr. Quick is a Senior Lecturer at the Islamic Institute of Toronto; Head of the History Department of Al-Maghrib Institute; and Outreach Coordinator for the Canadian Council of Imams. He holds a PhD in West African Islamic History from the University of Toronto.
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 07 November 2017 at 3:46am
The grandfather of the European Enlightenment was Muslim

The most important Greek philosophers and scientists came to Europe because they were translated from Arabic, a translation movement that was initiated by the Caliphs of Baghdad in the 8th century.

At the epicentre were Ptolemy’s astronomy, Euclid’s geometrics, and Galen’s medicine. At the same time, Indian and Persian scientific texts were translated.

In turn, Muslim scientists wove these ideas together, both elevating them and creating new fields of science, such as chemistry and algebra. Their calculations were the basis of the discoveries of Copernic and Newton.

No less important at the court of Baghdad was philosophy. Plato and Aristotle were very popular and were the subjects of much study, discussion, and debate.

However, Islamic philosophers ran into the same problem that both preceding Christians and those that would follow faced: how to reconcile philosophy with theology and sacred texts.

In Europe, Saint Augustine (died 430 AD) had halted this debate in favour of theology, with critical thinking being banned ever since. Those that attempted to reopen this debate were quickly silenced or even excommunicated by the Church. Not so in the Arab World, at least not until the end of the 12th century.

The last and most famous Muslim philosopher was Ibn Rushd, better known under his Latin name Averroes.

He was born in 1126 in Cordoba, the capital of Al Andalus, which had become, alongside Cairo, the intellectual centre of the Muslim World after the decline of Baghdad. In Europe, Averroes was called ‘The Commentator’ as he had written comments on Aristotle more extensively than anyone else. Moreover, it was through the translation of Averroes’ comments into Latin that Aristotle was introduced in Europe.

Averroes caused nothing short of an intellectual earthquake in Europe. His thesis was that there is only one truth, which was reachable in two different ways: through belief but also through philosophy.

When both ways contradict, it means we have to read the sacred texts in an allegorical way. In other words, the search for truth philosophy (or science) is more important than belief. Apart from that, Averroes argued against the immortality of the soul and against creation of the universe.

The theses of Averroes were adopted and taught at the first European universities: Paris, Bologna, Padua and Oxford. This caused panic within the Church. The force of his arguments and the philosophical concepts of Aristotle were too strong. In 1277, the bishop of Paris condemned and banned the ideas of Averroes, though not in his own words. He had to copy the arguments of an Islamic opponent of philosophy: Al Ghazali...

https://medium.com/@koertdebeuf/the-grandfather-of-the-european-enlightenment-was-muslim-49c1342946f1


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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 22 November 2017 at 12:27am
Famous Agnostic Sheds Light on Islamic Golden Age

In this lecture, Neil deGrasse Tyson talks about the Islamic Golden Age. He also explains why he addresses Muslims and calls for a new scientific era.

Tyson is a famous American astrophysicist, author, and science communicator. He’s the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City. In 1997, Tyson founded the Department of Astrophysics of the American Museum of Natural History.

http://aboutislam.net/science/science-tech/agnostic-sheds-light-islamic-golden-age/


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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 24 November 2017 at 1:08am
Automation & Robotics in Muslim Heritage

Badi’ al-Zaman Abu ‘l-‘Izz Ibn Isma’il Ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari was a prominent medieval Muslim inventor. He lived during the 12th-13th centuries.

Al-Jazari’s book ‘Fi Maarifat Al-hiyal Al-handasiyya or Ingenious Mechanical Devices, was arguably the most comprehensive and methodical compilation of the most current knowledge about automatic devices and mechanics of its time.

The book systematically charted out the technological development of a variety of devices. That’s in addition to the mechanisms that both exemplified and extended the then-existing knowledge on automata and automation.

His book contained the results of 25 years of research and practice on various mechanical devices. In fact, it describes in details 50 devices which are grouped into six categories...

http://aboutislam.net/science/science-tech/automation-robotics-muslim-heritage/



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 26 November 2017 at 3:10pm
The West Owes a Debt to Islam: Interview with Prof Glen Cooper

Professor Glen Cooper discusses the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation.

During the European Dark Ages, when science, art and literature seemed to flounder for centuries, there actually was a lot of discover in places like Iraq, Persia and Syria.

Professor Cooper explains how science of medicine, mathematics and astronomy flourished.

http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/west-owes


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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 01 December 2017 at 1:34am
5 Muslim Inventions That Changed The World

It was actual a Muslim man who was the first person to invent a flying machine and flew with it!

Here are 5 Muslims inventions that changed the world!


http://www.aboutislam.net/multimedia/videos/5-muslim-inventions-changed-world-2/


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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 08 December 2017 at 3:52am
Ibn Al-Haytham; The Muslim Who Taught Europe Science

Ibn Al-Haytham was the “Father of Optics”. He was the first to discover how the eye works and disproved the ancient Greek theory.

He also had an influence on Isaac Newton

http://www.aboutislam.net/multimedia/videos/ibn-al-haytham-muslim-taught-europe-science/



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 20 December 2017 at 7:46am
Ottoman Music Therapy

Music has been used as a mean of therapy through the centuries to counter all kinds of disorders by various peoples.

Physicians and musicians in the Ottoman civilization were aware of the music therapy in continuation of previous Muslim similar practices.

There are numerous manuscripts and pamphlets on the influence of sound on man and the effect of music in healing, both in works on medicine and music.

Ideas of Al-Farabi, Al-Razi and Ibn Sina on music were followed by several Ottoman physicians.

This article presents a study of music as a therapeutic mean by Ottoman medical authors, and presents comprehensive information on their use of the effects of music on man's mind and body.

http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/ottoman-music-therapy



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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 24 December 2017 at 3:59am
Islamic Astronomy from “Star Wars” to Star Tables

By Glen M. Cooper

The most obvious difference between modern and Islamic astronomy is that the latter is primarily mathematical and predictive, and the former has other observational goals, such as describing the physics of other worlds.

=============================

Astronomy had a long and fruitful life in the Islamic world, where ancient Greek astronomy was transformed into a fully institutionalised endeavour employing a comprehensive and predictive theory that was consistent with physical principles as then understood.

Astronomy in the ancient world was motivated by different concerns than what drives the science today.

Its principal aim was to divine the future from planetary positions, which eventually could be calculated using past data and theoretical models.

Astrologers have been associated with imperial courts since ancient Mesopotamian times.

There, in a kind of ancient “star wars”, they vied with each other for the most accurate predictions. Mesopotamian stargazers accumulated centuries of observational data, and invented mathematical methods for predicting astrologically significant planetary configurations...

http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/star-wars-to-star-tables



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