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Al-Cordoby  
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 16 August 2010 at 1:37am
The Next Golden Age? Using History to Inspire Science Today

Dr. Natalie Day

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010].

This presentation will reflect on the modern state of science in the Islamic-world and the potential of a new 'golden age' of Islamic world science. It will highlight a number of eye-catching developments and trends that reinforce the potential for a wider shift in the science and innovation capabilities of the Islamic world, whilst also considering some of the challenges and barriers to success. How might more effective inspiration be drawn from the rich history of scientific endeavour?


http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1273

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 18 August 2010 at 2:47pm

Medicine in the Middle Ages: New Insights and a Call for Further Research

Professor Rabie E Abdel-Halim

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010].

Aiming at restoring historical continuity to the currently available knowledge on medicine in the Middle Ages, the article summarizes some results from Prof. Abdel-Halim's extensive primary-source studies of the original Arabic works of ten medieval Islamic medical scholars who lived and practiced between the 9th and 13th centuries and whose works represented original contributions to the progress of anatomy, physiology, clinical medicine and surgery.

The article also highlights the importance of continuing research in this field, for the reason that the investigation about the transmission and translation movements that occurred during the Middle Ages are bound to emphasize the universality of knowledge and unity of mankind. Such an assumption will certainly boost cultural inter-appreciation around the world and help to strengthen mutual understandings between the West and the East and, thus, nurture the interaction between different faiths and various civilisations.

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 22 August 2010 at 1:58am

The Stellar and Lunar Keys to Medieval Muslim Agriculture

Dr Zohor Idrisi

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010].

In this short note, Dr Zohor Idrisi, an expert on the history of Islamic agriculture, explores the interaction between some folk astronomical knowledge and the agricultural practice in Islamic civilisation. Taking examples from the al-anwa' literature, she focuses on the famous Calendar of Cordoba written in 961 CE under the title Kitab al Anwa' and translated into Latin as Liber anoe

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1263

 

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 26 August 2010 at 12:26am

Ibn Khaldun: The Rise & Fall of Empires

The Founder of Sociology, Ibn Khaldun, more than six centuries ago wrote many books on economics, sociology & history, including his theory on the rise and fall of empires
 
This article gives a glimpse on Ibn Khaldun's life and writings:
 
 
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 27 August 2010 at 5:46pm

Ibn Khaldun and Adam Smith: Contributions to Theory of Division of Labor and Modern Economic Thought

James R. Bartkus and M. Kabir Hassan

The contributions of Ibn Khaldun to the development of economic thought have gone largely unnoticed in the academic realm of Western nations, this despite recent research focusing on Khaldun's magnum opus, The Muqaddimah.

In this paper, we examine the similarities between The Muqaddimah and Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations, particularly as they discuss the benefits of a system of specialization and trade and the role of markets and price systems.

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1206

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 28 August 2010 at 6:13pm
Traditional Muslim Classifications of the Sciences: Comparative Notes on Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi and Ibn Khaldun 
 
Osman Bakar
  
 
Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) was born two decades after the death of Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi (1236-1311). This means that we may treat them as contemporaries. Those who know the life history of these two notable and fascinating Muslim intellectuals  could find it quite interesting making comparisons and contrasts between them. Ibn Khaldun, an Arab by birth, was a philosopher-historian; Qutb al-Din, who hailed from Shiraz, a city of historic importance in the Persian-speaking world, was a philosopher-scientist. Both traveled extensively in the Muslim world, both as a scholar and as a diplomat, for the two had been patronized by the rulers of their day. 
  
In the modern world, both have become famous, mainly because of their original scientific contributions to their respective fields of specialization. Let us first consider the fame of Qutb al-Din. He is well-known today, particularly for his contributions to astronomy and optics. His innovative treatment of planetary motion at the prestigious Maraghah School of Astronomy – the “NASA at Cape Kennedy of his day” – resulted   in the world’s first successful attempt at the construction of a model of planetary motion for Mercury. Some modern historians of science even claim that Qutb al-Din’s astronomical works influenced the later development of astronomy in the West, especially on Copernicus. In optics, Qutb al-Din is remembered for his achievement as the first scientist to have given a qualitatively correct explanation of the cause of the rainbow. He has many other contributions to Islamic thought and civilization, but the scope of this essay does not allow me to discuss them
 
 Now, unlike Qutb al-Din, who earned a respectable place in world intellectual history through his study of the natural world, the world fame of Ibn Khaldun arose from his study of the human world. He excited the world’s intelligentsia with his novel approaches to the study of human society and human history.  He discovered and explained, in a scientific manner, God’s laws governing the flow of human history and the growth and decay of human societies and civilizations. Creatively utilizing the ideas and insights of his Muslim predecessors into the nature and dynamics of human society, Ibn Khaldun founded a new science of society, a new philosophy of history, and a new science of civilization. If, on reading the Muqaddimah he wrote more than six centuries ago, we feel like we are reading a book on the destiny of human societies written only yesterday, it is precisely because the issues he discussed and the principles he offered to explain them are of central concern to all human societies, irrespective of time and place. These perennial issues of society and civilization and perennial principles governing societal phenomena, such as the idea of ‘asabiyyah (“group solidarity”), would guarantee well the “perennial significance” of Ibn Khaldun.
 
Qutb al-Din and Ibn Khaldun have one more thing in common, which is what this paper basically intends to discuss. This is their common concern with the issue of classification of the sciences (taqsim al-‘ulum). Both thinkers have authored works that contain extensive treatment of classification of the sciences developed by Muslims up to their respective times.
 
 
 
La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 01 September 2010 at 5:19pm

 

Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the foundation of Islam to the present day, influencing the design and construction of buildings and structures in Islamic culture and beyond.

The principal Islamic architectural types are: the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace, the Fort, the School, and urban buildings. For all these types of constructions, Islamic architecture developed a rich vocabulary that was also used for buildings of lesser importance such as public baths, fountains and domestic architecture. The following article, recalling salient aspects of the rich tradition of Islamic architecture, provides a brief discussion on the concept of Islamic architecture and reviews a number of its key theoretical issues circulating in the Western academic circles

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=277



Edited by Al-Cordoby - 01 September 2010 at 5:20pm
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 03 September 2010 at 2:16pm
The Origins of Islamic Science

In the following well documented article Dr Muhammad Abdul Jabbar Beg surveys the origins of Islamic science, with a special focus on its interaction with the previous intellectual traditions of the ancient world as well as a survey of the beginnings of scientific activity in Arabic.

In this first part, he depicts in details the impact of Islamic principle in shaping the contours of the early scientific activity in the Muslim civilisation. Afterwards, in the second part, the author surveys some key contributions of the scientists of Islam in the fields of astronomy, mathematics, chemistry, and medicine...

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1278

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 08 September 2010 at 1:13am
Islam as the Impetus of Scientific Advance

Islam provided (a strong incentive for progress) in the era 800-1200 ...

Throught the Muslim land, the search for knowledge and science was undertaken in an effort to improve society as a form of worship ...

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=252

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 10 September 2010 at 8:31am
Evolution of Attitudes Towards Human Experimentation in Ottoman Turkish Medicine

Professor Nil Sari

Attitudes and expectations towards medical knowledge and medical practice standards influence and determine the position of health practitioners and the development of medicine.

While describing the basic characteristics of the Ottoman Turkish medicine and medical practice through their scientific approach and standards, the following article by Professor Nil Sari aims at putting forth the priorities of the Ottoman Turkish medicine, by means of primary sources such as archive documents and medical manuscripts.

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1276

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 15 September 2010 at 2:04pm

The Muslim Carpet and the Origin of Carpeting

The Muslim carpet has long been a luxury commodity sought by textile museums, rich collectors and wealthy merchants all over the world. The fame of the flying carpet of 'Al'a Al-Din (Aladdin) added some emotional mystery and value to its already exceptional beauty and tangible quality. It is not surprising that carpets still represent one of the most valuable art items obtained by museums and wealthy families. Furthermore, carpeting is becoming one of the essential ingredients of today's living standard in the modern world. Modern sophisticated manufacturing has made it one of the cheapest available flooring methods, whilst its comfort and warmth has increased its popularity becoming the largest used flooring system replacing the ceramics and mosaics.

What are the origins of this tradition? What is the Muslim contribution to the history of the carpet industry? In the following article, a brief account provides a historical background to the appearance and development of Muslim carpet making; then light is shed on its transfer to the West so gradually setting up a western carpeting tradition.

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=402

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote a well wisher Replybullet Posted: 16 September 2010 at 5:21pm
La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah
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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 21 September 2010 at 6:30pm

Beauty and Aesthetics in Islam

The Islamic civilisation allowed the development of autonomous norms of beauty that were inspired by the faith of Islam. The Islamic artistic tradition viewed the beauty of the universe, emphasized in the Quran, and the literary qualities of the Quranic text itself, as compelling evidence for the divine hand.

In this fascinating article, HRH Princess Wijdan Ali investigates the unique philosophy that underpins and guides Islamic art and the Muslim artist-artisan and developed the elements of a real and original philosophy of art, beauty and aesthetics in the Islamic culture.

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=653

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Rating: 0 of 0 votes Quote Al-Cordoby Replybullet Posted: 04 October 2010 at 3:24pm
Uncovering A Thousand Years of Science and Technology

WIPO: The World Intellectual Property Organization

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) published in September 2010 on its website an interesting article (read online here) about the international touring exhibition "1001 Inventions: Discover the Muslim Heritage in our World" which opened in August in Istanbul.

The exhibition is described as "a colorful, fascinating and insightful exhibition… This unique overview of the dynamism of Muslim civilization, its ingenuity and diverse scientific and technological achievements, is set to visit 30 major cities across five continents in the next four years".

http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=1283

 

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