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Zakah: The Social Pillar of Islam

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Topic: Zakah: The Social Pillar of Islam
Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Subject: Zakah: The Social Pillar of Islam
Date Posted: 17 February 2009 at 11:30pm
This thread is a continuation of an earlier thread with the same title which can be found in the forum archives:
 
http://www.whyislam.org/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=16587 - http://www.whyislam.org/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=16587
 
The importance of Zakah for any Muslim community or country in today's context is becoming very clear
 
Free markets have proven to be the most efficient when free of monopoly, exploitation and usury, so how can the social issues which affect those in need  be dealt with?
 
The answer according to Islam, in addition to the social network provided by sons, daughters, relatives and neighbors, is in the system of Zakah
 
The Zakah system ensures that the "rights" of those in need are catered for by a religious obligation on those who have savings that exceed a certain minimum level which covers their basic expenses. This is one of the five basic pillars of Islam.
 
In the ideal case, in a Muslim country, the government is responsible for collecting Zakah funds and distributing them to those who are entitled to Zakah (8 types of expenses). 
 
More details in this IOL article: 
 
Taking Alms of Their Wealth: Zakat al-Mal
 
http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1154235127785&pagename=Zone-English-Discover_Islam%2FDIELayout - http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1154235127785&pagename=Zone-English-Discover_Islam%2FDIELayout
 
 


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Replies:
Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 23 February 2009 at 10:47pm
Think of the impact of Zakah in the context of today's World Financial Crisis
 
If the rich people in society give 2.5% of their yearly savings to the poor, would there remain any family in extreme poverty as we see around the world today?
 
What impact would this voluntary transfer of funds have on the economy?
 
A: An increase in aggregate demand, and if the rich go beyod the minimum limit of 2.5% to say 5% or 10%, this would have an effective impact on the economy and would bring it out of any recession or depression as the increased consumer spending would lead to an increase in aggregate demand, which is the way for recovery
 


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Posted By: The_Seeker
Date Posted: 24 February 2009 at 5:20pm
Asalaam Alaikum!

Great thread! I recently learned that if a Masjid collects Zakah, the money cannot be used for things like maintaining the Masjid, paying bills, etc. 100% of Zakah money collected has to go directly to the needy. A Masjid must collect seperate funds for operating costs.

I personally think that the 2.5% is the bare minimum. The more wealthy someone is, the more they should give. But that's just me.

Peace


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The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "The strong person is not the one who knocks others down, but the one who controls himself when angry."


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 19 March 2009 at 5:54am
Yes, money collected for Zakah must be spent only for the 8 purposes of Zakah which are mentioned in the Qur'an
 
Islam is a practical religion. 2.5% of yearly savings to the poor is feasible for most people, and he who wants to come closer to Allah is free to increase as much as he can. Had the minimum been 20% or 25%, most people would not be able to do it, but 2.5% is a reasonable percentage.
 
In Islam, paying Zakah to those in need is as important as praying 5 times a day

This is how it's calculated:

The Calculation of Zakah for Muslims in North America

Zakah is one of the prime foundations of Islam. It is not a coincidence that the Arabic word zakah comes from the root z-k-y, which means "to purify." The giving of the portion of one's wealth purifies and grows the capital: growth through giving away, yet another secret from the wondrous works of our iman (faith).

In order that Muslims in North America might carry out the divine orders with carefulness, perfection, and exactness, we reach out to them to perform this essential duty. This booklet, The Calculation of Zakah for Muslims in North America, will help them calculate the zakah, know its due time, and measure the level of nisab ("zakatability"). We present to you this work by Dr. Monzer Kahf, a booklet that serves as an operational guide for Muslims in North America.

http://monzer.kahf.com/books/english/Calculation%20of%20Zakah%20-%20revised.pdf - Click here to download the Portable Document Format (PDF)

http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1165994170174&pagename=Zone-English-Discover_Islam%2FDIELayout - http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1165994170174&pagename=Zone-English-Discover_Islam%2FDIELayout

 



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 13 April 2009 at 1:53pm

A Talk about Charity

Mostafa Hosny talks about charity in Islam (English sub-titles)

http://tv.muxlim.com/video/oowDKeUc7Zp/Charity/ - http://tv.muxlim.com/video/oowDKeUc7Zp/Charity/

(9 minutes)



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 26 July 2009 at 9:43pm

The Principles of Socio-Economic Justice in the Contemporary Fiqh of Zakah

Research Paper by Dr. Monzer Kahf

http://monzer.kahf.com/papers/english/socioeconomic_justice.pdf - http://monzer.kahf.com/papers/english/socioeconomic_justice.pdf

 



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 30 July 2009 at 1:25pm

Introduction to The Study of The Economics of Zakah

In this research paper, Dr. Monzer Kahf introduces the jurisprudence aspects of Zakah and its implementation in a number of Muslim countries, and suggestions for areas in the economic of Zakah which need more research

http://monzer.kahf.com/papers/english/introduction_to_the_study_of_the_econ_of_zakah.pdf - http://monzer.kahf.com/papers/english/introduction_to_the_study_of_the_econ_of_zakah.pdf



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 07 September 2009 at 10:27pm

Ramadan Reminders

Reminder of Day Seventeen:

Sometimes the dignified poor do not ask, though they are in dire need of help.

 

Let us pay attention to those around us and include them in the Ramadan blessings.

 

http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1251021088181&pagename=Zone-English-Discover_Islam%2FDIELayout - http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1251021088181&pagename=Zone-English-Discover_Islam%2FDIELayout



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 22 February 2010 at 12:29am

http://zakatpages.com/2007/04/17/zakat-raising-a-fallen-pillar-book-review-by-ahmad-thomson/ - Zakat – Raising a Fallen Pillar (book review by Ahmad Thomson)

By accurately describing what zakat is, the authors indicate how what has been lost or abandoned by the Muslims during the past two centuries can be brought back to life and restored in a modern context, knowing full well that Allah has never commanded Muslims to do what is not possible, in any age.

Instead of encouraging ‘consumers’ to be aggressive and innovative in today’s global free-for-all debt-for-most market economy, the authors advise those who are still human to hear and obey Allah.

The profundity of meaning conveyed in this book is matched by the clarity of language used to convey it – which is neither academic nor imprecise. In other words, whether you agree with it or not, it makes interesting reading. What is most refreshing about the book is not just the clarity of its analysis and expression but also the fact that the authors emphasise what is possible. There is none of that ‘insurance is haram so I won’t drive a car’ mentality which tends to characterise those who inwardly wish to remain trapped while apparently striving to be free – because they have never tasted what it is like to be free.

The book consists of two distinct sections. The first section, written by Abdalhaqq Bewley is mainly analytical and descriptive. The second section, written by Amal Abdalhakim-Douglas in collaboration with others seeks to provide practical solutions. It is clear that the authors are keenly aware that simply identifying and condemning what is haram without identifying a viable alternative which is halal is of limited value.

In seeking to identify practical solutions, many of which remain to be tested in action, it is also clear that the book leaves room for further reflection and action. It is written in the spirit of a Muslim who sets out overland on the pilgrimage to Makka, not knowing the exact route to be taken or how the journey will unfold – but having no doubt about the intended destination and not lacking the determination to arrive and do what is required.

Thus the second section of the book is open-ended – it indicates a beginning and a clear intention as regards steps that must be taken, but does not claim to be a definitive blueprint or a fully thought-out five-year plan. Its proposals can be used as a stimulus and a springboard to discover and implement what up to now has perhaps been sensed but not as yet articulated, let alone activated. The problem with ignorance is that you are not aware of what it is until you actually discover what it is that you did not know. It is only then that you can do something about it. ...

http://zakatpages.com/2007/04/17/zakat-raising-a-fallen-pillar-book-review-by-ahmad-thomson/ - http://zakatpages.com/2007/04/17/zakat-raising-a-fallen-pillar-book-review-by-ahmad-thomson/



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 08 April 2010 at 12:50am

Zakah: When and to Whom?

Q: If a person has some savings in the bank, how and when should he pay zakah? To whom he should pay it? If he holds his savings for a number of years, is one payment of zakah enough or he should pay it every year?

A: Zakah is payable every year by every Muslim, male or female, provided that the person concerned has more than the threshold of zakah, and he has held that for a year.

This means that there is a threshold of zakah, i.e. nisab, which means a minimum amount. If you have less than that threshold, then you are not required to pay annual zakah. If you are a zakah payer for a number of years, then you encounter adverse circumstances that bring your assets to below the threshold of zakah, then you do not pay zakah for the current year when you have less than the threshold. The threshold is equivalent to the value of 85 grams of gold over and above what you need to maintain yourself and your dependents.

Everyone of us should mark the day when he or she begins to own the threshold of zakah, because this is their zakah date. Every year, on the same day, they should check what they own. If it is over and above the threshold of zakah, they should pay zakah on all they have, over and above what they need for their living expenses. The rate of zakah is in most cases 2.5 percent of the total amount. Certain types of property carry a higher rate, such as agricultural produce that is irrigated by rainwater only. The zakah rate for this type of produce is 10 percent. On your zakah date, you calculate your zakah liability and put it aside. You then pay it to those who qualify as beneficiaries.

Zakah is unlike income tax, which is levied on earnings. Zakah is due on both capital and income. Hence, it is low rate.

Zakah is paid to eight groups of people. They are mentioned in verse 60 of surah 9 ...

http://islamonline.com/news/articles/3/Zakah_When_and_to_Whom_.html - http://islamonline.com/news/articles/3/Zakah_When_and_to_Whom_.html




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 15 April 2010 at 9:11am

Inner Dimension of Zakat

(Excerpts from Imam Al-Ghazali's Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship)

Certain inward attitudes and duties are incumbent on those who seek, through the payment of Zakat, that which leads to good in the Hereafter:

1. Knowing Zakat's purpose and significance

To understand the necessity of paying Zakat, how it represents a test of character, and why it has been made one of the fundamentals of Islam, even though it is a financial transaction and not a physical  act of worship.

Three points deserve consideration here:

(a) Testing the degree of love for Allah

To pronounce the two sentences of the Confession of Faith(Shahada) ("There is no God but Allah-Mohammad is God's Messenger") is obligatory as affirmation of the Divine Unity and testimony to the singleness of the One to Whom all worship is due.

Complete fulfillment of this obligation requires that he who affirms the Divine Unity should direct his love to none but the One, the Unique ...

(b) The elimination of miserliness

The Divine decree by which Allah bids His servants to spend their wealth, is also significant  in purging the habit of miserliness, which is a deadly sin ...

(c) Expression of gratitude

The third factor is gratitude for benefits received, for the servant is indebted to Allah for personal and material bounties ...

2. Payment of Zakat at the proper time ...

3. Give In Secret ...

4. Give openly ...

5. Avoid Taunting and Hurting ...

6. Adopt humility ...

7. Give the best and the dearest ...

8. Seek the Worthy and Deserving ...

http://www.soundvision.com/Info/zakat/innerz.asp - http://www.soundvision.com/Info/zakat/innerz.asp



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 19 May 2010 at 12:52am

Zakah and its Uses

The primary goal of zakah is to ameliorate the living conditions of the poor and the needy. ...

In Islamic jurisprudence there are different opinions on the criteria of the poor and the needy. According to Hanafi jurisprudence following types of persons are eligible to benefit from zakah:

- Those who have nothing for their subsistence and basic necessities of life.

- Those who own a house, furniture, means of conveyance etc., but can hardly afford their daily needs.

- Those whose wealth is less than nisab (the minimum wealth on which zakah is payable).

  http://www.financeinislam.com/article/10/1/554 - Zakah and its Uses - Finance In Islam



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 08 June 2010 at 11:57pm

The Importance of Zakah

Zakah cannot be given to one you are financially responsible for. I know of cases where a person has given zakah to his own wife. That is simply unacceptable and, in so doing, you do not meet your requirements of paying zakah.

Finally, as a community, the local mosques should set up institutions or committees through which they collect the obligatory zakah and distribute it to those in need. Many times one may have zakah and not know who to give it to, so the money is sent to a distance far away while, in fact, someone close by is deserving and in need of the money.

Every community should establish those means by which they look after each other. They should know who is in need. The local mosque or zakah committee should encourage people to pay their zakah and teach them how to pay it. They should then take that zakah and distribute it in the proper way.

http://www.islamicawakening.com/viewarticle.php?articleID=486 - http://www.islamicawakening.com/viewarticle.php?articleID=486



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 11 July 2010 at 4:51pm
Counting Pennies 

To be acquainted with the concept of sadaqah, and developing the ability to give money to others from one's own is an important lesson. In our missionary school we had what was called a 'poor box', and Islamic schools across America have sadaqah boxes in the classroom. At home too, we could have a small sadaqah box where the children are encouraged to contribute.

It is also important that children see an end as regards to this collection.
Choosing, or finding a place to give that money, and accompanying the parent to do this deed is essential, so that a sense of personal contribution and fulfillment takes place.

Sadaqah shows us both ends of the spectrum, that there is always someone who has enough to give to someone who does not have enough, and it inculcates a sense of dispossession of money, taking it out of our owner- ship rights and placing it in Allah's, where it truly belongs...


http://www.islamicity.com/Articles/articles.asp?ref=AJ1007-4218 - http://www.islamicity.com/Articles/articles.asp?ref=AJ1007-4218



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 15 July 2010 at 12:35am
Global Zakat Fund

Zakat can play a significant role in Muslim socio-economic development if it is used properly.

Zakat is mentioned in 82 places in the Holy Qur'an, but millions of Muslims around the world do not realize its importance.
..

http://islamonline.com/news/articles/28/Global_Zakat_fund.html - http://islamonline.com/news/articles/28/Global_Zakat_fund.html



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Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 23 July 2010 at 10:46pm
Acknowledging God's Endless Bounties through Alms-Giving
 
Zakah brings the realization that all of one's posses­sions are gifts from God and makes one more keenly aware of the virtues of devotion to God. In the light of such aware­ness, one cannot remain insensitive to the needs of the society in which one lives. Zakah is a perennial reminder that a selfish stance is a wrong stance, and that others must be given their rightful share of our earnings.
 
Zakah gives a clear indication of what one's respon­sibilities to others should be. Everyone is required to recog­nize the rights of others, just as everyone is expected to sympathize with those afflicted by adversity. This feeling should be so well developed that one has no hesitancy about sharing one's possessions with others, or coming to their assistance, even when it is clear that nothing can be ex­pected in return. Even where there are no ties of friend­ship, one should wish others well and guard their honour as if it were one's own.
 
In its external form then, Zakah is an annual tax. But in essence, it is the principle on which God and his creatures have a right to a share in one's property.
 
http://english.islammessage.com/articledetails.aspx?articleId=470 - http://english.islammessage.com/articledetails.aspx?articleId=470


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La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 02 August 2010 at 4:26pm
Social Justice - Inspired by Muhammad

A brief talk by Myriam Francois Cerrah
, a French/British sister convert to Islam, on social justice in Islam

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2meMltKcMr8 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2meMltKcMr8

(4 minutes)



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 05 August 2010 at 2:55pm
Spending for the Sake of Allah

In this episode of the series (In The Shade of Ramadan), brother Khaled reminds us of the great reward of spending in Allah's way, the Almighty, as mentioned in the parable from surat Baqarah (Chapter 2 of the Qur'an)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByZ2wTc3vfw - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByZ2wTc3vfw

(7 minutes)



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Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 07 September 2010 at 5:06pm
The Essential Teachings of the Third Pillar of Islam-Zakah
 
 
A consistent, reasonable and fair distribution of zakât would require us to know the specific situation of the people, the country’s legislations in social matters, the country’s systems of allocation and benefit and what are the rights (as to qualifying for benefits) of the poor and/or marginalised people, the abandoned women on their own, the unemployed, etc. The zakât’s distribution must be part of a comprehensive action plan that takes into account all the means provided by a specific society to move people from a state of dependence on assistance towards a state of autonomy. Thus, it is necessary to gather the ulamâ’ and specialists (of the national legislations and institutions), social workers and people working at the grassroots, in order to get a more holistic and explicit vision of the strategies to adopt according to the diverse social contexts. It is in fact by taking into account all that a specific society offers as to social policies, taxes and benefits that the zakât’s distribution meets its requirements: thus zakât can be presented and understood as a process towards financial autonomy. For some individuals, zakât can be a kind of a unique support within a transitory situation, for others it can represent part, or the whole, of a necessary capital intended to launch a small/local economic project; for others it would be a conditioned gift toward a specific agreed upon achievements, etc. The options are multiple but require a good knowledge of Islam (as far as the use of zakât is concerned) and of the national legislations as well as of the social realities and conditions at the local and national levels. All the options require in fact specialisation and creativity. One sees no such thing today and zakât in the mind of the great majority of Muslims has become a simple alms for assisting people and no longer what it was meant to be: a demanding tool serving an articulated philosophy of a comprehensive social policy. Not only the distortion is grave but it often appears that the current uses are deeply counter-productive.
 
 
A reflection on the third pillar of Islam shows us how far we are from meeting even bare minimum demands of a profound and intelligent practice of Islam. We respect the forms...less and less the content. It remains that one day, in a Life beyond this life, our neighbours, our poor people, the marginalised, the unemployed, the abandoned women with no income, our drug addicts, our delinquents will ask the Unique the unique question that matters: in the name of what faith have we been full of passive emotions for the oppressed around the world and so empty of respectful and active intelligence and attention for those who lived closest to us, in our neighbourhood, and who we did not see?
 
 It is indeed the only question that matters while one remembers that our Prophet (PBUH) never ceased to ask the Most Close to offer him “the richness of the heart” and “love for the poor people”. One must start from here: to learn again how to love, to learn again how to love the deprived people. Then one shall realize that to love them and to treat them as they deserve is very demanding and not so easy...when they are at our doorsteps. Are not this love and this respect the true and permanent jihad of the contemporary Muslim heart, mind and soul?
 
  http://www.tariqramadan.com/One-day-our-poor-people-will-ask.html - http://www.tariqramadan.com/One-day-our-poor-people-will-ask.html
 


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La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 14 January 2011 at 2:03am

The Wisdom Behind Zakah (Alms Giving)

New Muslims are well-versed with the Shahadah, since the testimonial of faith is what affirms their beliefs in Islam and are generally familiar with the five daily prayers, since there is a strong direction to perform them upon becoming a Muslim.

The Zakah, however, can get lost in translation, as it is not simply “giving money to the poor.” The Zakah is a comprehensive taxation system that encourages the redistribution of wealth to those who are in need, in accordance to the Quran’s classifications of who falls within these categories.

Zakah is not recognised as a charity, which is calculated over and above what is obligated upon a person to pay, and neither should it be regarded as a burden, much like conventional taxes are seen as a financial obligation that sometimes becomes a hardship....

Believing in the Wisdom behind Zakah

Like any other form of worship, making a Zakah payment becomes a pleasure for a believing Muslim as the intention to pay it and to reap the blessings in doing so surpass the importance of materialistic wealth to survive the challenges of the world.

Zakah cleanses the heart, purifies the mind and soul and reaches out to much needing Muslims, who in turn become stronger believers through the special bond between one Muslim and another and with God. All this is done with the conviction that God’s direction on alms holds strong and is an obligation upon every able Muslim as it is the third pillar of Islam.

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/450543-the-wisdom-behind-alms-giving-zakat.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/450543-the-wisdom-behind-alms-giving-zakat.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 05 March 2011 at 11:46am

Social Solidarity & Social Justice in Islam

Zakah: The Third Pillar of Islam

Zakah (obligatory charity) is the third pillar of Islam, which was ordained by God to achieve social justice in society. The rich give the poor voluntarily because it is the poor's due on them. ...

Zakah has a deep humanitarian and social aspect. It prevents the concentration of wealth in the hands of few people. It is a call for solidarity among Muslims, and it also purifies one's soul and encourages a Muslim to thank God for His many bounties ...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/islam-and-the-world/worldview/451332-social-solidarity-a-social-justice-in-islam.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/islam-and-the-world/worldview/451332-social-solidarity-a-social-justice-in-islam.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 17 April 2011 at 1:15am

Purifying Wealth

Zakah is a portion of one’s wealth that must be given to the poor or to other specified causes.

The word “zakah” comes from the verb meaning to purify or cleanse. It is the third Pillar of Islam and is obligatory for all those who are financially able.  

Zakah means the giving of a specific share of one’s wealth and savings to persons or causes that Allah (God) mentions in the Qur’an.

The normal share to be paid is two and a half percent of one’s saved earnings. This applies to cash, bank savings and jewelry. The rate for cattle and agricultural produce is different. The Qur’an mentions zakah, together with salah (ritual Prayer), as a form of worship; and in that respect it differs from ordinary charity, which is optional, and from tax, which a government imposes from time to time at variable rates and for various uses.

The money from zakah can be used only for specific purposes under fixed headings - like helping the poor, the needy, to pay the salaries of those collecting it, to free captives and debtors, for travelers in need, to win over hearts and for the cause of Allah (God) (Qur’an 9: 60) 

The payment of zakah is a way of purifying one’s wealth. It saves one from greed and selfishness and encourages him to be truthful and God-fearing in his financial dealings.

Another purpose is to help the poor and the needy and to assist other causes in the way of Allah (God). Muslims know that it is a profitable investment (and not a loss) to help the cause of Allah (God) because it will establish economic balance and social justice, and at the same time earn an immense reward in the Hereafter ...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/435510.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/435510.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 29 May 2011 at 5:01pm

Solidarity in a Muslim Community

Importance of Zakah in Islam

The Holy Quran has explicitly stated that there is a portion of the property of the rich that should be given to the poor and needy. Allah (SWT) says: {And those in whose wealth is a recognized right. For the (needy) who asks and him who is prevented (for some reason from asking)} (Al-Maarij 70:24-25). The Divine Legislator has fixed that portion Himself and had not left the matter for the generosity of the rich or the openhandedness of the benevolent. He has not left the matter for the feeling of mercy that may exist in the hearts of the rich or their desire for piety and benevolence and their love of philanthropy.

Those needy people have been defined by the Quranic verse: {Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah, and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom} (At-Tawbah 9:60).

Thus, Zakah (almsgiving) is highly important as regards to its covering of almost all members of the society and on the basis that Zakah is seen as the first source of exemplifying the concept of solidarity and cooperation. Zakah is the third of the five pillars of Islam. One’s Islam is not accepted without Zakah. Zakah purifies and sanctifies the almsgiver’s self, as Zakah benefits the one who performs it before the Zakah recipient. Allah (SWT) says: {Of their goods, take alms, that so thou mightest purify and sanctify them} (Al-Tawbah, 9:103). Undoubtedly, as almsgiving purifies its performer from stinginess and avarice, almsgiving also removes grudge, rancor and hatred of the rich and the wealthy from the hearts of the needy, the poor and those who deserve almsgiving. Zakah creates an atmosphere of love, cooperation and mutual compassion between members of the society where such a great merit is performed.             

Islam permits those charged with authority among the Muslims to take from the money of the rich what they deem enough to cover the needs of the poor - each one according to his financial capability. It is not permitted in a Muslim community that some people sleep with full stomachs whereas their neighbors are hungry. The whole society is commanded to cooperatively share the minimum necessary to support life. The Prophet says:

“The one who sleeps with a full stomach knowing that his neighbor is hungry doesn't believe in me” (Al-Hakim).

In this area, Imam Ibn Hazm said: “The rich people of every region are instructed to help their poor people and the sultan (ruler) forces them to do so. Therefore, the poor and needy should get food necessary for life, clothing for winter and summer and dwellings to protect them from rain, summer, sun and looks of passersby...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/living-islam/islam-day-to-day/society/452442-solidarity-in-the-muslim-community.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/living-islam/islam-day-to-day/society/452442-solidarity-in-the-muslim-community.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 13 June 2011 at 2:25pm
The Importance of Zakah

Zakat is one of the major religious duties in Islam. Literally, zakah means to "purify". It refers to the purification of a Muslim's wealth and soul.

Wealth purification denotes the mobilization of assets for the purpose of financial growth and justified distribution. Purification of the soul implies freedom from hatred, jealousy, selfishness, uneasiness and greed.

Other Qur'anic connotations include the purification of sin. Technically, zakah is a fixed proportion collected from the surplus wealth and earnings of a Muslim. It is then distributed to prescribed beneficiaries and for the welfare as well as the infrastructure of a Muslim society in general. This contribution is made payable by a Muslim once in every lunar year (Islamic Calendar/Hijri).

Zakah is paid on the net balance after a Muslim has spent on basic necessities, family expenses, due credits, donations and taxes. Every Muslim male or female who at the end of the Hijri year is in possession of the equivalent of 85 grams of gold or more in cash or articles of trade, must pay his or her zakah at the minimum rate of 2.5%.

Zakah has a deep humanitarian and social-political value. This religious act prevents the hoarding of wealth and advocates solidarity amongst Muslims because excessive wealth is distributed amongst the poor. The paying of zakah also helps purify one's soul and encourages a Muslim to have gratitude towards God's bounties.


http://www.islamic-world.net/economics/zakah.htm - http://www.islamic-world.net/economics/zakah.htm



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 02 August 2011 at 11:14pm
Divine Purposes in Spending in God's Way

One of the most important acts of worship that cleanses material and spiritual dirt, and enables man to discipline his souls and thus to attain a state of high morality that God would be pleased with, is to spend in God's way for benevolent causes...

Man needs very little to live in this world. Property that is in excess of one's needs is surplus goods. What is important is not the amount given but whether one sincerely gives away what he can really afford. God has knowledge of all things and He has left it to man's conscience to decide the things he actually does not need.

Giving away is a very easy form of worship for those who are not seized by worldly ambitions and who have not sold out to this world, but yearn for the hereafter. God has ordered us to give away out of our wealth to avoid attachment to this world. This is a means to purify ourselves of greed...


http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/453201-divine-purposes-in-spending-in-gods-way.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/453201-divine-purposes-in-spending-in-gods-way.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 09 August 2011 at 12:32am
Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, with the Poor

The Prophet (SAWS) actually feared for his nation from surplus more than he feared from poverty,

“By Allah, it is not the poverty about which I fear in regard to you but I am afraid in your case that (the worldly) riches may be given to you as were given to those who had gone before you and you begin to vie with one another for them as they vied for them, and they may destroy you as they destroyed them .” http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn1 -  

Yet, he realized that poverty is quite a great trial.  Therefore, he used to supplicate to Allah (SWT) saying,

“O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from disbelief and poverty.” http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn2 -

He also used to say,

“Steady us in our faith, and protect us from poverty.” http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn3 -

Because the Prophet (SAWS) realized the severity of the crisis of poverty and its attenuating impact on people, he supported the poor and even lived amongst them.

His life was not that different from the lives of the poor.  Lady Aisha (RA) narrated, “The family of Muhammad did not eat their fill for three successive days till he died.” http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn4 -

http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn4 - He treated the poor with mercy and kindness, and he used to give them whatever he could, although he, himself, was poor.  He also used to teach his companions to have mercy upon the poor as well.  Consider his kind, sweet words,

“O son of Adam! It is better for you if you spend your surplus (wealth), but if you withhold it, it is evil for you. There is (however) no reproach for you (if you withhold the essentials) for a living. And begin (charity) with your dependants; and the upper hand is better than the lower hand.” http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn5 -

He also said,

“If anyone gives as Sadaqa (charity) the equivalent of a date from that (earning) earned honestly, for Allah accepts that which is lawful, the Lord would accept it with His Right Hand, and even if it is a date, it would foster in the Hand of the lord, as one of you fosters his colt, till it becomes bigger than a mountain.” http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html#_ftn6 -

And he said,

“Nothing is more delighting to me than this that Uhud should be of gold for me, and no dinar is left with me out of it before three nights pass except a dinar which I would set aside for the repayment of debt upon me.”

http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html - http://en.islamstory.com/mohamed-with-the-poor.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 10 August 2011 at 10:55pm
Prophet Muhammad's Care for The Poor

Because the Prophet realized the severity of the crisis of poverty and its attenuating impact on people, he supported the poor and even lived amongst them.

His life was not that different from the lives of the poor. Lady Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, narrated:

“The family of Muhammad did not eat their fill for three successive days till he died.” (Al-Bukhari)

He treated the poor with mercy and kindness, and he used to give them whatever he could, although he, himself, was poor. He also used to teach his companions to have mercy upon the poor as well. Consider his kind, sweet words:

“O son of Adam! It is better for you if you spend your surplus (wealth), but if you withhold it, it is evil for you. There is (however) no reproach for you (if you withhold the essentials) for a living. And begin (charity) with your dependents; and the upper hand is better than the lower hand.” (Muslim)...

The Prophet was always keen to help the poor by giving them what he had, and when he could not find anything, he would ask his companions to help, not to leave a poor man without help...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/about-muhammad/his-character/453418-prophet-muhammad-a-the-poor.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/about-muhammad/his-character/453418-prophet-muhammad-a-the-poor.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 25 August 2011 at 11:05pm

Philanthropy and Zakat

Oliver Goldsmith, the Irish poet, once said: "Where wealth accumulates, men decay."

Philanthropy is more than just a monetary gift-love of mankind shown by practical kindness and helpfulness to humanity is its dictionary meaning.

Zakat (almsgiving) is the third pillar of Islam; it is hard to translate the word or find its closest meaning in English. In Arabic, the word is derived from the root, "z-k-a." The verb, zakka, "to purify," also means, "to make something grow and develop." Zakat is commonly known as "almsgiving." This translation is not accurate if we consider the philosophy behind that pillar.

There is a difference between almsgiving-Sadaqah-and Zakat. Sadaqah (charity) is a voluntary service of any kind that is given from one person to another. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) encourages everyone to give sadaqah (charity).

A smile, words of sympathy, even giving half a date can be sadaqah. Whatever the words-differentiated for juristic reasons, the spirit is to alleviate humanity's sufferings...
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/islamic-thought/453626-philanthropy-and-zakat-.html -
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/islamic-thought/453626-philanthropy-and-zakat-.html



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Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 21 October 2011 at 12:17am

To Possess Is To Share

It is impossible to make the testimony of faith, pray, fast and go to pilgrimage only, far from men and worrying about no one except oneself. To be with God is tantamount to being with men; to carry faith is tantamount to carrying the responsibility of a continuous social commitment. The teaching that we should extract from zakat is explicit: to possess is tantamount to having to share. It is impossible here, in the name of freedom, to shamelessly increase one's property at the price of exploitation, and social injustices. It is also impossible to forget the interests of the entire society such that one counts only one's interests. Man is certainly free, but he is responsible for this freedom before God as before men. This responsibility is inevitably moral. In the order of this morality, to be free is to protect the freedom of others and their dignities.

The four practical pillars of Islam hold this double individual and collective dimension. It is a difficult balance, but this project is the only one capable of responding to the requirement of the Creator who expects of man to carry alone the responsibility of his community life. On the economic level, this is the only path which allows man to live humanely; his nature cannot do without such exchanges. Islam reminds through the means of all the moral energy of its message, that a human economy without duties is an inhumane economy which organises, produces, and structures injustices, exploitation and famine.

Islam, the West and the Challenges of Modernity - Dr.Tariq Ramadan


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La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 29 November 2011 at 1:25pm
What is Zakah?

Is it like Income Tax?


Dr. Altaf Husain answers in this Why Islam video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjiLy5LJrsw - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjiLy5LJrsw



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 12 February 2012 at 11:25pm

Zakah – Obligatory Charity: Purifying Wealth

In the glossary of The Noble Quran, the term Zakah is defined as follows:

“A certain fixed proportion of the wealth and of every property liable to Zakah of a Muslim to be paid yearly for the benefit of the poor in the Muslim community. 

The payment of Zakah is obligatory as it is one of the five pillars of Islam.  Zakah is the major economic means for establishing social justice and leading the Muslim society to prosperity and security”.

Thus we can see that Zakah is not a tax levied by a government nor is it a voluntary contribution to a charity.  It is a command enjoined upon the Muslims by God and as such it is a form of worship.  In fact it is worship of such a high and commendable standard that in the Quran it is frequently coupled with prayer.  Prayer is an act of worship through words and action, while Zakah is an act of worship involving wealth...
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/455766-zakah-obligatory-charity-purifying-wealth.html -
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/455766-zakah-obligatory-charity-purifying-wealth.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 17 March 2012 at 12:30am
Toward Establishing Social Justice

Zakah and its Important Role in Islam

In economic terms, the Muslim seeks to establish a society where social justice and distributional equity would prevail so that a section of the society does not discriminate and prosper at the expense of the rest of the society.

As a matter of fact, an ideal Islamic society strives to abolish all forms of discrimination, prejudice, class differentiation and provide equal opportunity to all members of the society although, according to some Islamic scholars, Islam does not envision absolute equality insofar as distribution of economic resources among individuals is concerned because, operationally speaking, this simply would not be feasible...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/politics-and-economics/456192-zakat-and-its-role-in-islam.html -
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/politics-and-economics/456192-zakat-and-its-role-in-islam.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 20 March 2012 at 12:20am
Zakah for Social Justice

Zakah awakens the individual’s social spirit with the truest practical expression of brotherhood. When Muslims pay Zakah, the society behaves exactly like a family, the able helping the incapable, one upholding all. Said the Prophet:

"The believers—in their kindness, compassion, and empathy for one another—are as a single body. When one limb is afflicted, the whole body responds to it with sleeplessness and fever." (Al Bukhari and Muslim)

Zakah spreads tranquility and peace in society because it secures the weak and their dependents with the guarantee of certain provision, shelter, and access to essential communal facilities. The magic of Zakah is not only that it links one to others by a sense of personal responsibility, but that it binds everyone to the individual through an obligation of sufficiency. There is no greater bulwark against social disintegration.

Zakah as a Kind of Welfare System

Zakah is the first known system of community-wide welfare regulated as a social support network for those in need. It is a meaningful institution with a clearly defined religious-social-economic mandate. Its rules, regulations, structures, standards, and specific functions are well-established. It does not depend on voluntary charity, and its collection is enforceable by society... http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/456271-zakah-for-social-justice-.html -

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/456271-zakah-for-social-justice-.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/456271-zakah-for-social-justice-.html




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 28 March 2012 at 12:01am

Islamic Economy and Social Justice (Folder)

Today's modern world suffers from the near absence of social justice, which has become a rare feature of most national economies. We are also witnessing a deep recession affecting most countries mainly due to a major crisis in the world's banking and financial system.

Major public unrest, demonstrations, protests and revolutions have been spreading from one country to the next in the past few years, especially in Europe, America and the Middle East.

Experts are searching for an alternative system that offers the best of two worlds: the efficiency of production of the capitalist system, and the fairness of distribution of the socialist system. Does such a system exist?

We believe that Islam offers this delicate balance through the divine guidelines that encourage investors to invest in the real economy to make real profits that benefit all people while creating new jobs needed in society, and taking good care of the less-privileged and the weak through a comprehensive social security safety net centered around Islam's third pillar: Zakah.

This folder, Islamic Economy & Social Justice, sheds light on some of the main Islamic guidelines on finance and wealth distribution, and presents some of the problems associated with interest-based finance, while describing the functioning of an ideal banking system in an Islamic economy, in addition to answers to a selection of questions on alternative investment and consumption loans, and different aspects of Zakah for an ideal social structure that is sound, fair and that leads to sustainable social relations. http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/in-focus/456371-islamic-economy-a-social-justice-folder.html -

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/in-focus/456371-islamic-economy-a-social-justice-folder.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/in-focus/456371-islamic-economy-a-social-justice-folder.html






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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 24 July 2012 at 11:10pm

Cherishing Charity in Ramadan

Ladling Out Lasting Livelihoods

The Best Zakah: Investing in Means of Livelihood for the Poor

It is highly praiseworthy to give zakah money to someone who is not getting by, and living hand-to-mouth on an insufficient income. Many a time, our family has personally handed over wads of zakah money to extremely needy people on the streets, and has felt the true joy of giving: witnessing their faces and eyes lighting up with almost euphoric glee upon unexpectedly receiving the money.

However, the wisdom from the Prophet’s sunnah dictates more farsightedness and prudence. After all, we do not know if the poor person will dispense the money wisely or foolishly. It is therefore, more advisable to help the needy by providing them with a permanent and easy means of livelihood, than to just hand over some cash that will alleviate their poverty in the short term...
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/458101-cherishing-charity-in-ramadan.html -
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/458101-cherishing-charity-in-ramadan.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 02 September 2012 at 11:54pm

Toward a More Just and Caring Society

Zakah and Achieving Socio-Economic Justice

Muhammad Zarqa ascertains that Zakah doubles the income of the poorest 10% of the society every year since most of it is taken from the rich and given to the poor.

Monzer Kahf also argues that since Zakah covers both income and wealth and its spending is not limited to providing subsistence living for the poor but it rather aims at the poor's enrichment, it influences the distribution of wealth in the long run let alone the short run redistribution of income.

The above expectations are based on estimating the Zakah proceeds at around 2.5% to 3.5% of national income per year in any Muslim society...

http://onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/politics-and-economics/458829-zakah-and-achieving-socio-economic-justice.html - http://onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/politics-and-economics/458829-zakah-and-achieving-socio-economic-justice.html

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Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 18 September 2012 at 7:11am

Our Needy People

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent an envoy to a tribe that had converted to Islam, he asked the envoy to teach them the five pillars of Islam. Speaking about zakat, he told him to explain to them that it had to be deducted from the money of the rich among them and distributed to “their needy people” (‘ala fuqara’ihim). The scholars, in all the schools of law and through the ages have, thus, always insisted on the necessity of spending the zakat locally first, for the poor and the needy people of the place, the locality or the society within which it has been collected. It is only when the local needs have been satisfied, or in exceptional situations such as natural catastrophes or wars etc., that the spending of zakat abroad can be done.

Not only does the zakat shape the social conscience of the Muslim but it also directs him/her towards his/her immediate environment in order to build this conscience by facing up to the difficulties and dysfunctions of his/her society, its poor or/and marginalised people. Zakat, unlike the voluntary alms (sadaqa) is first intended for the Muslims and our faithfulness to its teaching demands of us to observe what is going on around us, within our nearest spiritual community. This "priority to proximity" is fundamental: it imposes a requirement to know one’s society, to care about the state of the Muslims in one’s area, town and country.

We are very far from living up to this teaching today. In the majority of the Western societies, in the United States, in Canada, in Britain, in France as in Australia, one finds women and men who give zakat to charitable organisations in the Third World or to their countries of origin. They care very little about the situation of those who live near them and they are convinced they are doing right since those from "over there" are poorer than those from "around here". The mistake consists in forgetting that the poor from around here have rights (haqun ma’lum) over the rich from around here. Nothing prevents the latter from sending voluntary alms (sadaqat) to the deprived people of the entire world or to their countries of origin but they have an established duty, from which they cannot escape, towards the needy people of their country of residence: once again it is, before God, the rights of "their poor people".

One can but be sad, and sometimes disgusted, when observing how the Muslims care so little about the local realities: obsessed by the international scene and the situation of the Muslims "from over there", they no longer see the reality of the education’s deficit, unemployment, social marginalisation, drugs, violence and prisons in their own society. Though the awareness of their brothers’ misfortune elsewhere is positive, per se, it has had the very negative consequence of making them very passive, neglectful and unaware of the appalling situation of brothers at their own doorsteps. This is a tragedy, an error and, in fact, a betrayal of the fundamental teaching of zakat.

The Muslim organisations have a great deal of responsibility in this failure since they have difficulty proposing programmes and priorities for the zakat's collection and distribution at the local level, in the towns and the regions. A correct understanding of this dimension of zakat would shape the individual’s spiritual and his/her citizen's conscience with which one understands that one has to be involved in one’s environment. This means one has to study it and to find the best, fairest and most coherent means to spend the purifying social tax in one’s own society, in Britain, France, the United States, Canada, Australia or elsewhere.

 
"One day, our poor people will ask" –Dr. Tariq Ramadan


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La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 16 April 2013 at 3:50pm

Differences of Zakah in Islam and Other Religions

Zakah means to grow and to increase.

When it is said about a person, it means to improve, to become better.

Consequently zakah is blessing, growth, cleanliness, and betterment.

In Shari'ah the word zakah refers to the determined share of wealth prescribed by God to be distributed among deserving categories.

It is also used to mean the action of payment of this share.

The Main Differences between Zakah in Islam and Zakah in Other Religions

Firstly, zakah in Islam is not a mere charity left to the righteousness of individuals, as part of their good deeds. It is rather an essential pillar of this religion, one of its major rituals and the second of its main four forms of worship. Not paying it is like going astray. He who denies its obligation is considered disbeliever. It is an obligation supported by the ethical values of Islam as well as by the power of law in the Islamic state.

Secondly, zakah is a right to the poor in the wealth of the rich, a right decided by the true Owner of wealth, God and imposed on those who have been given control of that wealth by Him... http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/comparative-religion/462246-differences-of-zakah-in-islam-and-other-religions.html -

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/comparative-religion/462246-differences-of-zakah-in-islam-and-other-religions.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/comparative-religion/462246-differences-of-zakah-in-islam-and-other-religions.html





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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 23 July 2013 at 1:54pm

Towards a Just & Caring Society:

Zakah: Spending for the Sake of Allah

When discussing this topic, most people would emphasize on the social aspect of giving alms; the believing man or woman who gives from his or her wealth to the poor and the needy.

There should be no need for an Islamic ‘Robin Hood’ as it is mandatory for the rich to give to the poor. This also means that there is no fundamental objection against becoming very rich, as the end result of this should be that one’s positive impact on the surrounding society only increases.

Difference Between Zakah and Charity

When talking about the concept of ‘zakah’ we often also mention the concept of ‘sadaqah’, which is regularly translated as ‘charity’. Both concepts are dealing with people giving their wealth to others who are in more desperate need of those means.

There are some major differences between the two concepts. Zakah is an obligation to those who have a minimum amount of possessions; to give zakah is considered to be a good deed with a reward in the hereafter, but to abstain from it is a sin with a punishment.

Sadaqah has no minimum required amount of possessions and is completely voluntary; to give sadaqah is considered to be a good deed with a reward in the hereafter, but to abstain from it is not a sin. Zakah has specific deadlines within the Islamic calendar when it should be given, sadaqah can be given at every single opportunity.

Zakah has by definition a financial aspect to it, while sadaqah can be a wide variety of good deeds. A common quoted narration of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his remark that even the smile given to a brother in faith can be considered to be a form of charity. And these are just some of the many differences between zakah and sadaqah... http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/463654-zakat-spending-for-the-sake-of-allah.html -

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/463654-zakat-spending-for-the-sake-of-allah.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/463654-zakat-spending-for-the-sake-of-allah.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 03 August 2013 at 11:28pm

Towards Social Justice & Sustainable Development:

Zakah and the Economic System in Islam

How is Zakah relevant to the modern times and its economic crisis?

“Contrary to the beliefs of both religious and secular Muslims, Prophet Muhammad’s achievements were based not on ephemeral but on the permanent values of the Quran. He brought about the greatest revolution, even an economic and political miracle in human history” (The 100, 3-10)

We can observe that Zakah becomes a religious obligation that is to be paid to the Islamic government for distribution to the needy. This, brings about a much better socio-economic development if carried out properly, thus to reduce the gap between the rich and the poor and the best welfare system divinely ordained.

The present global inequality of wealth distribution is one example of the consequences of leaving out the Divine instructions from economic sphere.

“Elements of monetary discipline in an Islamic economy include stable exchange rates and doing away with increasing money supply incessantly. This is supported by the principle of prohibition of interest in an Islamic economy.” ( http://islamiceconomicsproject.wordpress.com/2012/03/10/economic-analysis-of-zakat-system/ - Economic Analysis )

A more progressive way to look at Zakah is to consider it as a wealth tax and resource endowments. “In Zakah, production with intensive mix and use of factors of production (labor and capital) is taxed leniently at 5%. Production with less intensive mix and use of factors of production (labor or capital) is taxed at a minimum of 5% to a maximum of 10%. Windfall gain is taxed at 20% if it arises from neither the use of labor nor capital.”...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/463807-zakah-and-the-economic-system-in-islam.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/463807-zakah-and-the-economic-system-in-islam.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 01 December 2013 at 12:32am

Zakah

The literal and simple meaning of Zakah is purity.

The technical meaning of the word designates the annual amount in kind or coin which a Muslim with means must distribute among the rightful beneficiaries.

But the religious and spiritual significance of Zakah is much deeper and more lively. So is its humanitarian and sociopolitical value. Here is an explanation of the far-reaching effects of Zakah:

1- Zakah purifies the property of the people with means and clears it from the shares which do not belong to it anymore, the shares which must be distributed among the due beneficiaries...

2- Zakah does not only purify the property of the contributor but also purifies his heart from selfishness and greed
for wealth. In return, it purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and jealousy, from hatred and uneasiness; and it fosters in his heart, instead, good will and warm wishes for the contributor...

3- Zakah mitigates to a minimum the sufferings of the needy and poor members of society. It is a most comforting consolation to the less fortunate people...

4- Zakah is a healthy form of internal security against selfish greed and social dissension, against the intrusion and penetration of subversive ideologies. It is an effective instrument in cultivating the spirit of social responsibility on the part of the contributor, and the feeling of security and belonging on the part of the recipient.

5- Zakah is a vivid manifestation of the spiritual and humanitarian spirit of responsive interactions between the individual and society...

http://www.whyislam.org/submission/five-pillars-of-islam-2/charity/ - http://www.whyislam.org/submission/five-pillars-of-islam-2/charity/

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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 21 December 2013 at 3:58am
Does Zakah Encourage Unemployment?

Zakah (obligatory alms) in Islam is one of the main five deeds which are considered as the pillars of Islam. Muslims believe that Allah Almighty is the All-Wise and that when He commands humans, it is always to benefit them.

Saying that zakah encourages unemployment is invalid. Actually, the opposite is true. Zakah is really a way of reducing unemployment.

One of the conditions of zakah is transferring the ownership of the amount of the zakah money from the rich to the poor. This means that an amount of money is taken from the pockets of the rich, who tend to save, into the pockets of the poor, who tend to spend in order to fulfill their needs.

Give a rich person 100 dollars, it may be kept unspent in his pocket for a year. In contrast to that, it will evaporate from the pocket of a poor person in less than 30 minutes, because he needs food, clothing, and other essentials for himself and his family.

This means that 2.5% of the cash savings, 5-10% of the agriculture income and 20% of the income of extracted minerals will be spent in the market through the poor.

This will lead to the increase in market demand on goods. To accommodate this increase in demand, there should be an increase in production. This, in turn, will lead to an increase in job opportunities...

http://www.onislam.net/english/ask-about-islam/faith-and-worship/aspects-of-worship/167856-do-alms-encourage-unemployment.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/ask-about-islam/faith-and-worship/aspects-of-worship/167856-do-alms-encourage-unemployment.html

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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 20 February 2014 at 3:33am

Toward a Better Understanding of Islam

Zakah for Social Justice

One of the Quran’s major themes is social justice for those whom society disadvantages and compassion for the vulnerable...

This is no utopian call. On the contrary, it is a minimum acceptable moral standard for a working human community. Zakah plays a key role in bringing about such a model society. It not only enshrines the right of help for the community’s needy, facilitating ongoing support from the rich to the poor, but, in so doing, it builds a relationship of consideration and appreciation between society’s members.

Zakah is the substance that binds every Muslim to every other by way of their obligation to one another in God. Islam builds its community out of human obligation toward each other, making each Muslim accountable for the wellbeing of every other Muslim.

This concept of reciprocal social obligation is called takaful, meaning “mutual responsibility” and it is strongly bolstered by the fact that the Zakah (almsgiving) is an act of mandatory worship. The tenet of mutual responsibility helps Muslims envision their society like an extended family... http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/456271-zakah-for-social-justice-.html -

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/456271-zakah-for-social-justice-.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/456271-zakah-for-social-justice-.html






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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 20 May 2014 at 3:44am

Zakah and Distributive Justice

Islam doesn’t insist on superficial and full equality where everyone must give the same amount. In the mean time it tries to work to reduce the gaps between rich and poor so that it allows for initiative but also looks after the needs of those who are in need.

A second economic aspect is that Zakah being a regular annual determined thing provides for a stable source of income for the State to meet certain expenses and needs.

A third aspect which is not as clear but is very important because of its economic implications is that by its very nature the system of Zakah forces the individual to invest his money and discourages hoarding of money...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/islamic-thought/472621-zakah-and-distributive-justice.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/research-studies/islamic-thought/472621-zakah-and-distributive-justice.html





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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 17 October 2014 at 3:09pm

Do You Think of Others Before Yourself?

(A Muslim Woman's Reflections on Charity)

When I was young, my father used to repeatedly tell me a story of an uncle of mine who was one of the most generous persons my father had ever met.

He was a man who didn't seem to know the existence of the word "selfish."

He would help others out, even though he wasn't in a good position to do so at that time.

It was said that once my uncle gave away 50 cents to help another person who was in dire need. You may scoff, right?

50 cents? So what?

Well, 50 cents was a whole lot of money back then in the 1940s. But that's not even the point. There is something more significant here. He gave away 50 cents when he only had a dollar with him!

I did ponder on the beautiful and kind heart he seemed to possess. What made him give away half of what he had in his pocket at that time, knowing very much that he might need the money later?

What triggered him to do such a kind act?

Wasn't he afraid that he wouldn't be able to replace what he had given away?...

http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/443029-thinking-of-others-before-yourself.html - http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/understanding-islam/worship/zakah-and-charity/443029-thinking-of-others-before-yourself.html



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 08 September 2015 at 7:24am

Significance of Giving Zakah in Islam

A recent interview with Dr. Tariq Ramadan on the importance of Zakah in Islam
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPYaD0wBf8c - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EPYaD0wBf8c

(25 minutes)




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 17 November 2015 at 1:50am

This is the Sign for Giving

Ever wondered why we are promised that our wealth will never decrease as a result of charity? ...

I recently went to donate blood. The blood that you give can help to save up to three people, at no cost to your self. Your body regenerates ‘new’ blood, and you can donate again in 3 or 4 months.

Think about this: A small amount of blood from one person can save up to THREE people. That is one small action that goes a long way; and for the parents of the child being saved, your action is worth everything in the world. And your body, all by itself, restocks its blood supply without you having to do anything...

Never belittle a small action, because Allah will take it far.

Nothing good that you do will ever go to waste, and it will come back to you multiplied...

http://www.virtualmosque.com/islam-studies/islam-101/belief-and-worship/this-is-the-sign-for-giving/ - http://www.virtualmosque.com/islam-studies/islam-101/belief-and-worship/this-is-the-sign-for-giving/

http://www.virtualmosque.com/islam-studies/islam-101/belief-and-worship/this-is-the-sign-for-giving/ -



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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 16 October 2016 at 3:16am

Poverty alleviation by Zakah in a transitional economy: a small business entrepreneurial framework

zakah has significant bearing on the conditions of zakah recipients and lie the foundation of developing small business entrepreneurship by mobilizing zakah as seed money (investment) and not as spent money (consumption).

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40497-015-0025-8 - http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40497-015-0025-8




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 05 November 2016 at 6:02am

Zakah: Building Bonds of Brotherhood

Human beings need wealth in order to survive and thrive. That is the simple truth.

A Pillar of Faith

Islam has five basic pillars, which uphold the foundation of the faith for a believer. They are: belief in monotheism, establishing daily prayers, giving obligatory charity, fasting in Ramadan each year, and performing Hajj (the pilgrimage) once in a lifetime.

Without the practice of these pillars, the faith of a Muslim is at high risk of becoming weak and, eventually, collapsing.

One thing that is noteworthy, is that the only pillar of Islam involving no outward rituals or bodily worship of Allah, but instead entailing only dealings between Muslims, is Zakah...

http://aboutislam.net/reading-islam/living-islam/zakah-building-bonds-brotherhood/ - http://aboutislam.net/reading-islam/living-islam/zakah-building-bonds-brotherhood/




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 09 May 2017 at 7:02am
Zakah as a Means of Purification with Shaykh Joe Bradford

This is a recent Friday speech in Boston by Sheikh Bradford on the importance of Zakah


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SLceD1bfZ0 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SLceD1bfZ0

(27 minutes)





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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 03 June 2017 at 5:41am
Professing Love Through Charity and Levels of Giving

Ustadh Amjad highlights one of the wisdoms of giving charity. He explains that it is a sign and indication of loving Allah.

The lover is always willing to give and sacrifice for the sake of the beloved.

Ustadh Amjad also tells us about the highest level of giving, which is unconditional.

He gives an example of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him).

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMw_hX0olB8 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMw_hX0olB8

(2 minutes)





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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 04 June 2017 at 7:20am
Zakat & Charity - Renewing Religion: An Overview of Ghazali's Ihya

Ustadh Amjad Tarsin gives an overview of the chapter on zakat (alms) and charity from the Ihya Ulum al-Din (Renewing the Religious Sciences), the fifth chapter.

He highlights the adaab (etiquettes) of giving charity that Imam Al-Ghazali mentions in this chapter.

Ustadh Amjad also emphasizes the importance of learning the fiqh (legal rulings) of giving zakat, as well as all the other actions of worship that are personally obligatory.

Imam Ghazali says about zakat that it is one of the tests that Allah has placed for the believers. It is also one of the foundational pillars of Islam.

Imam Ghazali then says that one of the wisdoms of the obligation of zakat, is because wealth is beloved to people. So sacrificing what is beloved for the sake of Allah is a sign and indication of loving Him.

He then goes to outline the different levels of people who give charity. The highest level is to give everything for the sake of Allah Most High, unconditionally.

At that level, Ustadh Amjad recounts the example of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him), who gave all of his wealth to the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him for the benefit of the Muslims.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6webV4O6hbE - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6webV4O6hbE

(22 minutes)





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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 20 August 2017 at 3:49am
Originally posted by Al-Cordoby

Zakah as a Means of Purification with Shaykh Joe Bradford

This is a recent Friday speech in Boston by Sheikh Bradford on the importance of Zakah


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SLceD1bfZ0 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SLceD1bfZ0

(27 minutes)




Simple Zakat Guide

By https://www.joebradford.net/book-author/joe-bradford/ - Joe Bradford

Simple Zakat Guide explains the rules and reasons of Zakat. Step by step worksheets are provided for every section.

Topics include everything from Zakat liable assets, expense deductions, 401k and other retirement accounts, how to account for Haram earnings, how to calculate Nisab, in addition to the basics of Islamic charitable ethics.

This second edition of the book contains additional information about HSA and FSA accounts. Simple Zakat Guide seeks to be an accessible middle ground for those wanting to learn clearly and concisely about how and why to give charitably in Islamic Law.

Simple Zakat Guide is not just a book, but an interactive workbook that covers not just how to calculate your Zakat but why, with just enough info for you to make an educated decision on how to calculate it. Every chapter ends with a worksheet and all worksheets are included at the end for use year after year.

http://www.joebradford.net/book/simple-zakat-guide/ - https://www.joebradford.net/book/simple-zakat-guide/




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 17 October 2017 at 6:00am
Inspired By Muhammad - Social Justice

Dr. Myriam Francois Cerrah summarizes aspects of social justice in Islam, as practiced by Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2meMltKcMr8 -
(4 minutes)




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Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 15 June 2018 at 3:53am
Fast Reminders: Charity

A brief reminder by Imam Zaid Shakir on the importance of giving charity in Ramadan

The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was more generous than the free blowing wind. He was the most charitable of people at all times, especially in Ramadan.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2vU7fQvOrc - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2vU7fQvOrc

(4 minutes)





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