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Tale of Two Brains ....

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Topic: Tale of Two Brains ....
Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Subject: Tale of Two Brains ....
Date Posted: 08 September 2009 at 1:31pm

Are men's brains different from women's brains?

To answer this question, an interesting and at the same time funny presentation by Mark Gungor on the difference between how men and women think -

One of the things Mark mentions in his talk is that when men are stressed, they need to go to their "nothing" box, and not talk about it, whereas when women are stressed they must talk about it ....

Do you think that is a reasonable rule of thumb?

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 08 September 2009 at 2:08pm
Hey no fair we have our nothing box as well...I am the worst channel surfer in my whole house...even my lil nephew is better than me...
It is funny and  kind of true ...the high tension wired part... the internet highway and the zeeeeeeeeeeee many thoughts going on in the brain at does happen sometimes and then we have to consciously shut it off....but thats why women are better at multi tasking maybe
Women have their nothing boxes too but they are a bit discrete about it...I mean they would just pretend they are occupied with sublimer thoughts...but really sometimes its nothing too....:)
Women generally talk so that to others they may look less stressed than they actually are...  its a coping mechanism...silence is a better one but it does make sense from observation that the general rule is women talk more and men dont...they just phase out........the not fixing part is true for women too......sometimes it helps if there is just someone to listen....Thats the female perspective...from me...others please contribute
So is it true that men just talk when they want to fix something?
I thought men generally talk less...isn't it a gender difference?

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 09 September 2009 at 2:27pm
Yes, it is a gender difference
A few months ago I attended a talk by a neurologist called Dr. Amr Sherif, who wrote a book titled (The Human Brain: Male or Female?)
It was a very interesting talk where he presented scientific facts that prove that both brains are indeed different.
The American Academy of Neurology in its 1999 conference in Toronto in its closing session made a statement where it said that "there is no doubt that there are differences in the structure and fuinction of the brain of men and women, and that getting to know these differences will help us understand the differences in the way men and women think. .... These differences do not imply that one of the two sexes is better than the other ..."
Men and women complement each other, and the differences of their brains is for their own well-being.

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 09 September 2009 at 3:02pm
The nature Vs nurture debate has been going on for a while...
What people dont realize is that even according to science apart from biological differences there are emotional, chemical and  behavioural differences between men and women ...they are designed to be what they are to serve a purpose.. and their roles are complementary it is all about supplying mutual needs and offsetting mutual lacks...

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 10 September 2009 at 1:32am
Yes, and from a scientific point of view it's an interesting topic for research:
Men and women do think differently, at least where the anatomy of the brain is concerned, according to a new study (2005).

The brain is made primarily of two different types of tissue, called gray matter and white matter. This new research reveals that men think more with their gray matter, and women think more with white. Researchers stressed that just because the two sexes think differently, this does not affect intellectual performance.

Psychology professor Richard Haier of the University of California, Irvine led the research along with colleagues from the University of New Mexico. Their findings show that in general, men have nearly 6.5 times the amount of gray matter related to general intelligence compared with women, whereas women have nearly 10 times the amount of white matter related to intelligence compared to men. -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: 4everHopeful
Date Posted: 10 September 2009 at 6:11pm
Really interesting topic.  It is true that when most women are stressed they like to talk it out. I think its our way of just getting it off our chests - well providing we actually have someone to talk to that is - when we don't there's always email! lol. The preferable choice is always our mothers or a good female friend. Women lend a listening ear, men tend to try be Mr. Fix-its.

My internet connection is soooo slooooow. I'm still waiting for the video to load.


Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 11 September 2009 at 12:06am
Yes really interesting indeed...
This sheds some light as well.... -
but what about the nothing box....I am sure women have it as well...Sister
4everhopeful please back me up on this:)

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 12 September 2009 at 5:32am
More scientific background:

What was once speculation is now being confirmed by scientists: the brains of women and men are different in more ways than one (2008).

Discoveries by scientists over the past 10 years have elucidated biological sex differences in brain structure, chemistry and function. “These variations occur throughout the brain, in regions involved in language, memory, emotion, vision, hearing and navigation,” explains Larry Cahill, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior at the University of California, Irvine.

While women and men struggle to communicate with each other and ponder why they don't think and react to things in similar ways, science is proving that the differences in our brains may have more serious implications beyond our everyday social interactions.

Scientists are looking into ways that sex-based brain variations affect the thought processes and behavior of men and women differently. According to Cahill, “their discoveries could point the way to sex-specific therapies for men and women with neurological conditions such as - Alzheimer's disease , schizophrenia, - depression , addiction and post-traumatic stress disorder.”

To better understand the implications of sex differences in the brain, it is important to examine disease entities in depth. Take - Alzheimer's disease , for example. Significant differences exist between men and women who suffer from the disease. -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 13 September 2009 at 1:24am - 10 Big Differences Between Men’s and Women’s Brains

Jun 16th, 2009

By Amber Hensley

The differences between women and men are not only well-documented, but frequently at the heart of jokes, anecdotes, and good-natured (and not so good-natured) ribbing. - Experts have discovered that there are actually differences in the way women’s and men’s brains are structured and in the way they react to events and stimuli. So the next time your wife, boyfriend, or parent starts telling you how you should have done something differently, then refer back to these big differences between men’s and women’s brains.

  1. Human relationships. Women tend to communicate more effectively than men, focusing on how to create a solution that works for the group, talking through issues, and utilizes non-verbal cues such as tone, emotion, and empathy whereas men tend to be more task-oriented, less talkative, and more isolated. Men have a more difficult time understanding emotions that are not explicitly verbalized, while women tend to intuit emotions and emotional cues. - These differences explain why men and women sometimes have difficulty communicating and why men-to-men friendships look different from friendships among women.
  2. Left brain vs. both hemispheres. Men tend to - process better in the left hemisphere of the brain while women tend to process equally well between the two hemispheres. This difference explains why men are generally stronger with left-brain activities and approach problem-solving from a task-oriented perspective while women typically solve problems more creatively and are more aware of feelings while communicating.
  3. Mathematical abilities. An area of the brain called the inferior-parietal lobule (IPL) is typically - significantly larger in men , especially on the left side, than in women. This section of the brain is thought to control mental mathematical ability, and probably explains why men frequently perform higher in mathematical tasks than do women. Interestingly, this is the same area of Einstein’s brain that was discovered to be abnormally large. The IPL also processes sensory information, and the larger right side in women allows them to focus on, "specific stimuli, such as a baby crying in the night."
  4. Reaction to stress. Men tend to have a "fight or flight" response to stress situations while women seem to approach these situations with a - "tend and befriend" strategy. - Psychologist Shelley E. Taylor coined the phrase "tend and befriend" after recognizing that during times of stress women take care of themselves and their children (tending) and form strong group bonds (befriending). The reason for these different reactions to stress is rooted in hormones. The hormone oxytocin is released during stress in everyone. However, estrogen tends to enhance oxytocin resulting in calming and nurturing feelings whereas testosterone, which men produce in high levels during stress, reduces the effects of oxytocin.
  5. Language. Two sections of the brain responsible for language were - found to be larger in women than in men, indicating one reason that women typically excel in language-based subjects and in language-associated thinking. Additionally, men typically only process language in their dominant hemisphere, whereas women process language in both hemispheres. This difference offers a bit of protection in case of a stroke. Women may be able to recover more fully from a stroke affecting the language areas in the brain while men may not have this same advantage.
  6. Emotions. Women typically have a - larger deep limbic system than men, which allows them to be more in touch with their feelings and better able to express them, which promotes bonding with others. Because of this ability to connect, more women serve as caregivers for children. The down side to this larger deep limbic system is that it also opens women up to depression, especially during times of hormonal shifts such as after childbirth or during a woman’s menstrual cycle.
  7. Brain size. Typically, - men’s brains are 11-12% bigger than women’s brains . This size difference has absolutely nothing to do with intelligence, but is explained by the difference in physical size between men and women. Men need more neurons to control their greater muscle mass and larger body size, thus generally have a larger brain.
  8. Pain. Men and women - perceive pain differently . In studies, women require more morphine than men to reach the same level of pain reduction. Women are also more likely to vocalize their pain and to seek treatment for their pain than are men. The area of the brain that is activated during pain is the amygdala, and researchers have discovered that in men, the right amygdala is activated and in women, the left amygdala is activated. The right amygdala has more connections with areas of the brain that control external functions while the right amygdala has more connections with internal functions. This difference probably explains why women perceive pain more intensely than do men.
  9. Spatial ability. Men typically have stronger spatial abilities, or being able to mentally represent a shape and its dynamics, whereas women typically struggle in this area. - Medical experts have discovered that women have a thicker parietal region of the brain, which hinders the ability to mentally rotate objects–an aspect of spatial ability. Research has shown this ability - in babies as young as 5 months old , negating any ideas that these abilities were strengthened by environmental influences.
  10. Susceptibility to disorders. Because of the way men and women use the two hemispheres of the brain differently, there are some,M1 - disorders that men and women are susceptible to in different ways . Men are more apt to have dyslexia or other language problems. If women have dyslexia, they are more likely to compensate for it. Women, on the other hand, are more susceptible to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety. While handedness is not a disorder, these brain tendencies also explain why more men are left-handed than are women. Men are also - more likely to be diagnosed with autism, ADHD, and Tourette’s Syndrome. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 13 September 2009 at 4:09pm
Thanks for posting that sister
This research is from last December:

Sex Difference On Spatial Skill Test Linked To Brain Structure

ScienceDaily (Dec. 18, 2008) — Men consistently outperform women on spatial tasks, including mental rotation, which is the ability to identify how a 3-D object would appear if rotated in space. Now, a University of Iowa study shows a connection between this sex-linked ability and the structure of the parietal lobe, the brain region that controls this type of skill

The parietal lobe was already known to differ between men and women, with women's parietal lobes having proportionally thicker cortexes or "grey matter." But this difference was never linked back to actual performance differences on the mental rotation test.

UI researchers found that a thicker cortex in the parietal lobe in women is associated with poorer mental rotation ability, and in a new structural discovery, that the surface area of the parietal lobe is increased in men, compared to women. Moreover, in men, the greater parietal lobe surface area is directly related to better performance on mental rotation tasks.

The study results were published online Nov. 5 by the journal Brain and Cognition. ........ -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 14 September 2009 at 12:03am

Do Men and Women Have Different Brains?

Is there some physical reason that stress makes men want to punch, and women want to cry?

Yes! Neuroscientists now insist that men and women truly DO have different brains.  

Many books and movies highlight the psychological differences between men and women — Men are From Mars, Women are From Venus, for example. And now brain image studies of men and women under stress proves its all true – male and female brains do differ in response to stressful situations. In men, increased blood flow to the left orbitofrontal cortex activates the “fight or flight” response. In women, stress activates the limbic system associated with emotional responses.

Researchers induced moderate performance stress by asking the men and women to count backward by 13, starting at 1,600. Researchers monitored the subject’s heart rate. They also measured the blood flow to the brain and checked for cortisol, a stress hormone. Neuroscientists say the changes in the brain during stress response also lasted longer in women.

FIGHT OR FLIGHT: Certain events act as “stressors,” triggering the nervous system to produce hormones to respond to a perceived danger. Specifically — the adrenal glands produce adrenaline and cortisol and release them into the bloodstream. This speeds up both heart and breathing rates, increases blood pressure and contractions in major muscle groups. These and other physical changes help us to react quickly and effectively under pressure.

This stress response is commonly called the *fight or flight response.* But even low levels of continuous stress can damage your health. The nervous system remains slightly activated and continues to pump out extra stress hormones over an extended period, leaving you feeling depleted or overwhelmed, and weakening your immune system. And equally undesirable is the fact that htt - stress KILLS brain cells .

STRESS-REDUCING TIPS: There are several practical things you can do to reduce the amount of stress in your life: (1) Try not to over-schedule your time, (2) Cut something out when you start to feel overwhelm. (3) Get a good night’s sleep. (4) Get regular exercise. (5) Follow a healthy diet. (6) Learn to relax. -

Women and Stress
By: Judy Foreman

Do men and women handle stress differently? Or, to put it more provocatively, do women have a built-in hormonal advantage when it comes to dealing with chronic stress?

That’s the (highly loaded) question at the heart of a fascinating body of research that’s got the Net humming, with enthusiastic emails flying from woman to woman.

The case for this feminist theory of stress management is circumstantial  – built largely on inferences from animal studies and, at some points, frank leaps of faith. Still, the hypothesis has intuitive appeal, at least to women, so it’s worth exploring.

For decades, scientists who study the body’s physiological response to stress have focused on the “fight or flight” model. This view says that when an animal perceives danger, a number of hormones kick into action (among them, cortisol, ACTH, CRH, vasopressin and others). These hormones rev up heart rate and blood pressure, get sugar to the muscles and generally speed things up, the better to fight predators or get out of harm’s way, fast.

And there is absolutely no question that both males and females have – and need – this system.

But this view of stress is both male-biased and incomplete, say a number of researchers, most notably Shelley E. Taylor, a professor of psychology at the University of California at Los Angeles.

Taylor’s theory, based on more than 200 studies by other people, mostly biologists and psychologists, is that women have a powerful system for fighting stress that’s based in part on a hormone called oxytocin.

Granted, there’s no clear evidence that women on average actually have more oxytocin in their bloodstreams than men. But they do have more of another hormone, estrogen, which does boost the effectiveness of whatever oxytocin is around.

Oxytocin, which some dub the “cuddling” or social attachment hormone, is best known as the hormone produced during childbirth and lactation has been shown to stimulate bonding in animals, most notably prairie voles and sheep.

Even more intriguing, there’s evidence from the laboratory of Kerstin Uvnas-Moberg at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and elsewhere that oxytocin may act as a genuine “antistress” hormone.

For instance, the Karolinska group reported in 1998 that daily oxytocin injections, into both male and female rats, decreased blood pressure and the stress hormone, cortisol, and promoted weight gain and wound healing. The group has also shown that injections of oxytocin in rats enhanced sedation and relaxation and reduced fearfulness.

To Taylor and her colleagues, the thrust of this evidence suggests that women may be programmed by evolution to deal with stress, not just in the “male” way, by fighting aggressors or running away, but also by “tending and befriending,” that is, turning to each other for moral support and nurturing the young.

In other words, “there appears to be a counter-regulatory system that may operate more strongly in females than males, that leads to engagement of oxytocin and social contact,” which in turn may reduce stress, says Taylor, author of the book, “The Tending Instinct.”

“If we want to get a complete picture of how people manage stress, we need to look at both men and women,” she adds. “Historically, researchers have looked mostly at men.” Indeed, prior to 1995, women constituted only 17 percent of studies of the hormonal responses to stress. Things have gotten somewhat better since then, she says, but of nearly 15,000 people in 200 stress studies between 1985 and 2000, only 34 percent were female.

What, then, is really known about oxytocin? Quite a bit.

First, it’s a tiny molecule of only nine amino acids that is made in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus. It works closely with a related molecule, vasopressin, which is carried on the same chromosome as oxytocin and is so similar that the two chemicals fit into each other’s receptors in the brain, notes Sue Carter, a behavioral neuroendocrinologist at the University of Illinois in Chicago.

But while oxytocin, which acts in tandem with estrogen, often has calming effects, vasopressin, which acts in tandem with the male hormone, testosterone, can act as a stress response enhancer, among other things, raising blood pressure.

In most species, says Carter, male brains contain more vasopressin than female brains, especially in an area called the amygdala, a fear processing center. Vasopressin has also been linked to increased aggression and male territoriality.

Put another way, oxytocin “is associated with typically female behaviors, such as childbirth and nurturing the young, whereas vasopressin is associated with male behaviors, such as territorial aggression,” writes Dr. Norman Rosenthal, clinical professor of psychiatry at Georgetown University in his new book, “The Emotional Revolution.”

The most intriguing feature of oxytocin is that it seems to act as both a cause of bonding between animals and a result of it, suggesting that perhaps through bonding behavior, it can be a stress reducer.

For instance, a number of studies have shown that oxytocin promotes bonding in animals: between mothers and babies, and between adults. In prairie voles, Carter’s studies show, injections of oxytocin lead to increased bonding. And when stressed, Carter has found, both male and female voles choose to bond - with females.

Several studies, for instance, have suggested that women who nurse their babies have lower anxiety compared to bottle-feeding mothers and that lactating rats exhibit less fear.

In one 1995 study, for instance, Carter and Dr. Margaret Altemus, a psychiatrist at Weill Medical College, Cornell University, asked about 20 new mothers to undergo an exercise stress test – running on a treadmill. About half the women were nursing and half were bottle-feeding. The women who were bottle-feeding showed steeper increases in stress hormones than the nursing mothers. Other studies, notes Altemus, have suggested that panic disorder is relieved during pregnancy and lactation.

In other words,  “there may be something going on in a woman’s nervous system that may protect her against stress, at least transiently,” says Carter. And because any kind of positive social experience has the potential to trigger release of oxytocin in both men and women, she adds, men as well as women can  benefit from positive emotional contact with other people.

Beyond oxytocin, there are other chemical clues to differences in the ways in which women and men may handle stress.

At Ohio State University, Janice Kiecolt-Glaser, professor of psychiatry at Ohio State University  and her husband, Ronald Glaser, an immunologist, have studied hormonal and immunological responses to stress and found some striking gender differences.

In one experiment, the Ohio team asked 90 young, happy, newly-wed couples to spend 24 hours, including a night’s sleep, in the hospital lab. “They were in absolutely pristine mental and physical health,” says Kiecolt-Glaser. The researchers placed a catheter in each subject’s arm so that blood could be drawn every hour to test for hormone levels and various aspects of immune function.

Early in the stay, each couple was asked to spend 30 minutes discussing an area of disagreement. This conflict was recorded on videotapes that were later scored by trained observers, both male and female, for evidence of negative behavior such as hostility, sarcasm, put downs, etc.

The results were stunning:  Marital strife was much tougher on women than men. The women showed a faster and more enduring response to hostility, says Kiecolt-Glaser, noting that women’s stress hormones (particularly epinephrine, norepinephrine and ACTH) rose more sharply and stayed up longer than men’s. Women also showed a lowering of certain aspects of immune function.

In a follow-up study, the Ohio team found that women whose stress hormones had risen the highest during the earlier phase of the study were the most likely to get divorced.

 “Women show greater sensitivity to negative marital interactions than men,” says Kiecolt-Glaser. And this can’t be chalked up to over-reacting, or to some female hypersensitivity to stress in general because in other situations designed to induce stress in the lab, such as being asked to perform mental arithmetic, men show larger increases in stress than women.  

In other words, in a marriage, Kiecolt-Glaser says, women are actually more accurate judges of what’s going on emotionally. Indeed, when the outside reviewers rated the videotapes of the couples’ interactions, their assessment of hostility and negative behavior correlated with the women’s. Women simply experience a bigger stress response to men’s sarcasm and hostility than men do to women’s, she says.

The bottom line? If you feel stress in an interpersonal relationship, you’re probably right that the stressors are truly there. If you do feel stressed out, call a friend. If you don’t have a friend, make one, or more. And if all else fails, snuggle up with a prairie vole.

Judy Foreman is  Lecturer on Medicine at Harvard Medical School and an affiliated  scholar  at the Women’s Studies Research Center  at Brandeis University.. Her column appears every other week. Past columns are available on - .

Do Women Have More Stress than Men?

At least in terms of behavior and feelings – as opposed to physiological measures of oxytocin and other hormones – there are clear differences in the ways men and women experience stress.

For one thing, women seem to have more of it, even though they outlive men, says Ronald Kessler, a sociologist and health care policy professor at Harvard Medical School.  

In one 1998 study done with colleagues at the University of Arizona, Kessler had men and women keep daily mood diaries for a week. “There were large sex differences,” he says. Men and women were equally good at getting rid of minor “spells of depression,” says Kessler, but “women have more bad stuff going on.”

“What really gets to people is the little crap,” says Kessler, “the daily hassles,” which women may have more of because they are often the ones who take responsibility for coordinating family and work schedules. “It’s the coordination that kills you, and when something gives, it’s the woman who fills in the gap.”

And while women often do relieve their own stress by turning to each other, the fact that women also often have more people in their lives to care –and worry – about may actually increase stress, says Kessler. “Men and women have the same emotional reactions” when something bad happens to people close to them, he says, but women often have more people in those networks, a phenomenon he calls the “cost of caring.”

Psychologist Alice Domar at the Mind/Body Medical  Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston agrees that data clearly show that women are more stressed day to day than men, and it’s not, as was once thought, because they ruminate more.

“Men worry about three things: their immediate family, their job and money,” she says. “Women worry on a daily basis about up to 12 things – their immediate family, their job, money, their extended family, their friends, their kids’ friends, the way the house looks, their weight, the dog, etc.”

That same gender breakdown seems to occur in one of life’s most stressful situations, being diagnosed with cancer, says Barrie Cassileth, a psychologist and medical sociologist who runs the integrative medicine service at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York.

When first diagnosed with cancer, “men and women do respond very differently,” she says. “Women always talk…and women gain as much from giving as from receiving support from others. Women have such a nurturing instinct that even when facing harsh realities, they do reach out to others.” -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: 4everHopeful
Date Posted: 16 September 2009 at 5:19am
Originally posted by a well wisher

but what about the nothing box....I am sure women have it as well...Sister
4everhopeful please back me up on this:)

Asallamu aliakum sis,

my husband downloaded the video for me, and a few other ones. I have to say its really funny, and I laughed so much! we as women have a nothing box? I do remember the occasional time my husband asking, what are you thinking about...and my answer would be 'nothing', my brain quietly blank for a bit. I think we do have a nothing box, but its VERY rare when we use it! Well, for me anyway. My brain is usually on overdrive most

Oh and sisters, when you want your husband to do something for HAVE to ask him more than once! Seemingly the first time, it just goes in one ear and out the other.



Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 17 September 2009 at 12:13am
Wa alekum assalaam wa rehmatullahi wabarkatuhu Sister UmZ
So its confirmed huh...I am weird....:)I spend too much time in my nothing box!my brain goes on overdrive too but sometimes its completely empty as well...Thank God for that...blessing in wait....its a blesing period...otherwise I think our brains would melt:)
Thank you for backing me up Sister...rare or not ..we own one too:)
So what are the other benefits of the nothing box?

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 18 September 2009 at 12:43am
Another point of view.....The Nature Vs Nurture debate keeps bouncing back and forth even in this scenario...
Charles Dickens should have written the Tale of Two Brains....!

Male brain vs. female brain I: Why do men try to figure out their relationships? Why do women talk to their cars?

Research in - evolutionary psychology and related fields has uncovered the distinct ways that men’s minds and women’s minds operate. Few have made greater contribution to the discovery of the “male brain” and the “female brain” than Simon Baron-Cohen of the University of Cambridge, Bernard Crespi of Simon Fraser University, and my esteemed LSE colleague Christopher Badcock. So what is the male - brain ? What is the female brain?

The male brain is characterized by systemizing tendencies (to use Baron-Cohen’s term) and mechanistic thinking (to use Crespi and Badcock’s term). “Systemizing” is the drive to analyze, explore, and construct a system. The systemizer intuitively figures out how things work, or extracts the underlying rules that govern the behavior of a system. The purpose of this is to understand and predict the system, or to invent a new one.

In contrast, the female brain is characterized by empathizing tendencies (to use Baron-Cohen’s term) or mentalistic thinking (to use Crespi and Badcock’s term). “Empathizing” is the drive to identify another person’s emotions and thoughts, and to respond to them with an appropriate emotion. Empathizing occurs when we feel an appropriate emotional reaction in response to the other person’s emotions. The purpose of this is to understand another person, to predict his or her behavior, and to connect or resonate with him or her emotionally.

The difference between “mechanism” and “mentalism” is similar to the difference between “systemizing” and “empathizing.” In short, mechanism is about figuring things out (folk physics); mentalism is about understanding people (folk psychology).

There are many individual exceptions to any empirical generalization, but exceptions do not invalidate generalizations. For example, there are many women who are taller than the average man, and there are many men who are shorter than the average woman. But the generalization “Men are on average taller than women” is still valid. Similarly, not all men have a strong male brain, and not all women have a strong female brain, but there are average differences between men and women, and men are far more likely to have the male brain and women are far more likely to have the female brain.

These - sex differences emerged during the course of human evolution because men and women often faced different selection pressures. Men have come to acquire systemizing and mechanistic skills because such skills were necessary for inventing and making tools and weapons. At the same time, low empathizing ability was helpful for men in tolerating solitude during long hunting and tracking trips, and for committing acts of interpersonal violence and aggression necessary for male - competition . (It is very difficult to kill other people if you strongly feel for them.) Similarly, women have come to acquire empathizing and mentalistic skills because they facilitate various aspects of mothering, such as anticipating and understanding the needs of infants who cannot yet talk, or making friends and allies in new environments, in which ancestral women found themselves upon - marriage . (In the ancestral environment, women left their natal group and married into a neighboring group upon - puberty , a practice necessary to avoid inbreeding.)

The late William D. Hamilton, the Oxford evolutionary biologist who is universally regarded as “the best Darwinian since Darwin,” said it best, when he noted, “People divide roughly, it seems to me, into two kinds, or rather a continuum is stretched between two extremes. There are people people, and things people.” What the recent work of Baron-Cohen and Crespi and Badcock shows is that, to a large extent, people people are women, and things people are men.

Men’s greater systemizing and mechanistic skills are the primary reasons why they are better than women at mathematics, physics, and engineering, because all of these fields deal with various rational “systems” governed by rules. Women’s greater empathizing and mentalistic skills are the primary reasons why they are better at languages and why they are better judges of character. Women also dominate primatology, which, like mothering of infants, requires understanding and reading the minds of individuals with whom they cannot communicate by language.

But these adaptive sex differences sometimes misfire and manifest themselves in comical ways. For example, men’s greater tendency toward systemizing and mechanistic thinking means that they often try to “figure out” their relationships with their girlfriends as if they are logical systems or a carburetor. They don’t realize that relationships involve other human beings with emotions and feelings, which are not always rational and logical, and they instead treat other people as if they were machines. Similarly, women often talk to their cars and copy machines, as if they had minds and feelings. They don’t realize that they cannot really relate to their cars and copy machines, because they have no feelings or emotions; they have no “minds” they can read.

On the whole, however, these sex differences are adaptive. Men and women are different because their brains function in different ways and as a result they have different strengths and weaknesses.... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 18 September 2009 at 1:18am
Do women talk to their cars?
That's new to me ...
Sounds a bit crazy ...
Why do you do that?
This is a summary of the workshop I attended a couple of months ago: 

Differences between Males’ Mindsets compared to Females’

Is it a coincidence that Islam has well recognized such a distinction in its doctrine? .....

In a series of ten lectures attended by more than 300 attendee whilst presented by Dr. Amr Sherif Head of Surgical Department at Ein Shams University who have explicitly addressed and explained the biological divergences. At the end of each Lecture Fadel Soliman portrayed his reflections and insights on how Islam has uniquely and cohesively taken such differences into account in terms of its rules and principles.

Dr. Amr Sherif started his lectures with a set of questions to outline some of the recognizable trait variances among both genders commencing at their birth up till maturity. Some of which addressed the following; baby girls tend to be more quite than baby boys although they start murmuring and talking prior to males. It is usually tougher for girls’ mothers on first day to school than boys. As they grow up, boys love more spacious places to play with cars, guns or balls whilst girls have higher tendency to sit, listen to each other and communicate.

Digging deeper, he chewed over the topics boys tend to discuss along their adolescence which are incomparable to what girls think of and share among. He discussed what attracts a man to a woman which happens to be not what pulls a woman to man. He pointed towards the sexual variances besides the variation between motherhood and fatherhood in terms of emotions, roles as well as relationships with children. And when it came to education and interests statistics spoke it up reflecting that nearly 75% of students in Engineering Departments tend to be males whilst females formed 85% of Linguistics.

On the other side, regarding hierarchy and leadership men proved to have a higher tendency in occupying managerial positions as well as leading posts of which 99% of bank managers are males compared to women who have higher propensity to work in tactical positions such as nursing and teaching. Moreover, as for definitions, for men “success” centralized in hierarchy while for women it centered in pleasing others. Dr.Amr’s reflection was; all such didn’t happen by accident while what he carried through his successive lectures was the prevalent contention of which whether these differences are stemmed from nature or nurture?!

It happened that in April 1999, Canada -Toronto, The American Academy of Neurology has issued a statement at its annual conference to dignify that “Men and women's brains are distinctly different. While men have more neurons in the cerebral cortex, the brain's outer layer, women have more neuropil, which contains the processes allowing cell communication. Although these gender-specific variations cause tangible differences in how the brain functions, one type is not "better" or "worse" than the other.” There is no doubt that a better understanding of these issues may potentially affect a wide spectrum of human activities such as health care, psychology and teaching.

Consequently, through out the following lectures Dr. Amr has taken his journey to explain the biological variances among both mindsets. He emphasized on several differences and related them with attitudes. It is not ironic that women love to talk more, find it easier to pick up languages, think of several issues in the same moment and focus on tiniest details whilst men love to focus on one thing at a time, have better abilities to read maps as well as road directions with higher rationality in their decisions since the male’s brain is predominately hard wired for understanding and building systems while the females’ emotions usually intrude their decisions of which their mindset is predominately wired for empathy. The cause is stemmed from the biological significant variance of which specific areas over dominates in each mindset rather than the other stimulating a different kind of intelligence that of no doubt impacts traits and behavior. Therefore; certainly men and women are different because of their nature and not nurture which happens to be the proclaimed assertion! ......... -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 19 September 2009 at 12:20am
Why do women talk to their cars...To quote Homer brain the damage:)
Sounds like a really interesting workshop...great deductions...
But the problem with these Nature Vs Nurture scenario is that each side would give their own conclusions...recently there is a debate going on in the domain of Neuroplasticity ....and the nurture group likes quoting those statistics....another interesting field to explore as far as brain wiring is concerned is in the theory of core knowledge which explores innate tendencies in babies and may shed interesting light on the gender differences as well...
This is an interesting debate on the science of gender and science...Though all of it is still debatable but these are some other angles...

On April 22, 2005, Harvard University's Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative (MBB) held a defining debate on the public discussion that began on January 16th with the public comments by Lawrence Summers, president of Harvard, on sex differences between men and women and how they may relate to the careers of women in science. The debate at MBB, "The Gender of Gender and Science" was "on the research on mind, brain, and behavior that may be relevant to gender disparities in the sciences, including the studies of bias, discrimination and innate and acquired difference between the sexes".

It's interesting to note that since the controversy surrounding Summers' remarks began, there has been an astonishing absence of discussion of the relevant won't find it in the hundreds and hundreds of articles in major newspapers; nor will find it in the Harvard faculty meetings where the president of the leading University in America was indicted for presenting controversial ideas.

Scientists debate continually, and reality is the check. They may have egos as large as those possessed by the iconic figures of the academic humanities, but they handle their hubris in a very different way. They can be moved by arguments, because they work in an empirical world of facts, a world based on reality. There are no fixed, unalterable positions. They are both the creators and the critics of their shared enterprise. Ideas come from them and they also criticize one another's ideas.

Through the process of creativity and criticism and debates, they decide which ideas get weeded out and which become part of the consensus that leads to the next level of discovery.

But unlike just about anything else said about Summers' remarks, the debate, "The Science of Gender and Science", between Harvard psychology professors Steven Pinker and Elizabeth Spelke, focused on the relevant scientific literature. It was both interesting on facts but differing in interpretation.

Both presented scientific evidence with the realization and understanding that there was nothing obvious about how the data was to be interpreted. Their sharp scientific debate informed rather than detracted. And it showed how a leading University can still fulfill its role of providing a forum for free and open discussion on controversial subjects in a fair-minded way. It also had the added benefit that the participants knew what they were talking about.

Who won the debate? Make up your own mind. Watch the video, listen to the audio, read the text and check out the slide presentations.

There's a lesson here: let's get it right and when we do we will adjust our attitudes. That's what science can do, and that's what Edge offers by presenting Pinker vs. Spelke to a wide  public audience. -
So what do you think?

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 19 September 2009 at 2:01am
Thanks for posting that sister
It will take some tiime to read and diggest all that, maybe in the Eid holiday In-Shaa-Allah
I can't get the video running though. Does it have a seperate URL?
And I totally agree with this quote:
(There's a lesson here: let's get it right and when we do we will adjust our attitudes. That's what science can do,)
That's the right objective approach to take ....

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 20 September 2009 at 12:28am
You are welcome Brother Tarek...the video runs on the same url...atleast it did for me...
I would like to advise you not to ruin your Eid holidays with this talk it for when you have nothing better to gets boring on and off and they keep running around in circles with the nature nurture thing...although the man is agreeing to the biological differences....he still is not confident enough to admit that there are gender roles in society...being a pro feminist is a good thing as long as it does not hinder one from truth...but we need to define what real feminism is first and the dignity and intergrity associated with it...
Anyways sorry I made that joke on the women and car thing....actually there is a scientific explanation for women talking so much .. science confirms that women are more emotional of the two gender...and since talking releases feel good chemicals from the brain like dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin is a coping innate mechanism for women to talk more when they are stressed for their brains to destress must be knowing about psychiatrists and their infamous couches....people pay them to be heard...(psychotherapy)same mechanism....they feel naturally better after talking without taking any drugs....and since women are empathetic....if they are harboring negative emotions....they'd rather talk to inanimate objects to stop their behaviour from projecting to others...thats how they brain their damage subconsciously:)so you see there is a reasonable explanation to their crazy behaviour pattern...
From what I have gathered uptil this point....there is nature as well nurture at play....nature gives us a blueprint...nurture helps us in molding it to the reality of things...delineating what the reality is would be another interesting area of debate...

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 25 September 2009 at 12:20am

Brain Waves: Differences in Males, Females Can Be Frustrating

DALLAS - A few years ago, at the urging of his wife, Greg Johnson scheduled the first checkup of his adult life. "I didn't even have a doctor," says the 49-year-old Corinth, Texas, businessman, who describes himself as a weekend athlete. When test results came back, the physician recommended Johnson follow up with a gastrointestinal specialist.

But two months later, upon realizing that the appointment would conflict with his surfing trip to Costa Rica, Johnson canceled it and never rescheduled.

Fast-forward to January 2006.

"I noticed significant changes in my health, but I blamed it on just getting older," says Johnson. "Then I remembered that canceled appointment."

This time, he met with the doctor, had a colonoscopy, and five days later underwent surgery to remove a foot-long section of colon and half of his rectum. Because the cancerous tumor had metastasized in his liver, Johnson also needed radio-frequency ablation.

"The whole time, my mind kept racing back to that physical," he says. "I kept thinking about the what-ifs."

Then, "because I did too much afterward instead of just sitting around like they wanted me to, the incision got infected." Once the wound finally healed, he started chemotherapy. "By the third round, I felt like a walking, talking toxic dump."

Tell this story to a man and a woman, and the reactions will probably differ significantly. Guys can relate, at least on some level. Women, on the other hand, probably just shake their heads and think: typical man. Actually, that's not far from the truth.

"There are anatomical differences between the male brain and the female brain that cause the two genders to react differently in many situations, including seeking help," says Dr. Malcolm Stewart, a neurologist at Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas.

"The differences, which are in the fight-and-flight part of the brain, have nothing to do with intelligence but everything to do with the way we function in our environment."

In the 1960s, scientists began detecting variations between the male and female brain in the area known as the limbic system, which dictates emotions, senses of pain, feelings of aggression, sexual drive, feelings of hunger and our social IQs. In the male brain, stronger connections in this system translate into increased and faster aggression in response to certain stimuli.

According to Simon Baron-Cohen, a professor of developmental psychopathology at Cambridge University, even as children "males tend to show far more 'direct' aggression such as pushing, hitting and punching. Females tend to show more 'indirect' [or covert] aggression, like gossip and exclusion." Differences in the structures of the brains, he says, are largely responsible.

The stereotypical strong, silent guy isn't far off the mark, either. Two areas in the brain that control language are significantly smaller in men than in women. "And because women's brains have more connections between the right and left sides, they are better able to get in touch with their feelings and express them," says Stewart.

This also enables women to function better in social situations: "If they go to a party, a woman can listen to multiple conversations and figure out hidden agenda," he says. "When they talk to a guy later about it, she'll realize he doesn't have a clue."

As both genders age, however, their brains become more similar. "When you mature, you have to learn how to think both like a man and a woman," says Stewart. For men, that may mean a greater awareness of health issues.

They also tend to be more nurturing as a grandfather than they were as a dad, plus they mellow both in terms of anger and their risk-taking behaviors. In the case of women, they "become more confident, more internally driven, more like their husbands," says Stewart.

How does any of this matter? And is such knowledge in fact dangerous or potentially limiting? After all, it's possible to find an extremely caring male nurse, a super-talkative guy, a brilliant female physicist and a woman lacking even the most basic social graces.

Consider this: The differences in the brains manifest themselves in generalized tendencies for men and women, never in absolutes in terms of behavior. And understanding these tendencies, says Stewart, can ease tension in relationships.

Adds Dr. Baron-Cohen: "We need to distinguish stereotyping from the study of sex differences. Males and females differ in what they are drawn to and what they find easy, but both sexes have their strengths and weaknesses. Neither sex is superior overall."

Gender roles

While Cathey Soutter, a clinical psychologist who also heads the Counseling and Testing Center at Southern Methodist University, agrees that the structure of the brain has "an enormous impact" on behavior, she believes that society and enculturation can play an even larger role.

"Particularly for boys, the gender roles are very rigid," she says. "Standards of how a girl should behave are more flexible until they hit their preteens."

She adds that even before birth, parents have an idea of what a son or daughter should be like, and this begins a cycle of pressure and influence that helps shape personality, thoughts and actions. Boys, she says, are every bit as vulnerable as girls, and yet their fears and vulnerabilities are often ignored.

"Yes, our brains are hardwired in certain ways, and you can't change that, but we can provide different models for teaching and give boys permission in subtle ways to be more open and relationally oriented."

As for Johnson, who expects to finish his cancer treatments in July, he's already altered aspects of his social behaviors as a result of his experience.

"I called all of my friends to tell them what happened," he says. "I think I'm single-handedly responsible for dozens of colonoscopies in Texas."

Bigger, not better

On average, men's brains are about 10 percent larger than their female counterparts. Why? Most scientists believe that because the male body is generally larger, their brains have to be bigger to compensate for the extra mass. Yet during the aging process, men's brains also tend to shrink faster than women's.

He said, she said

Depending on whose research you're quoting, men say anywhere from 1,000 to 10,000 fewer words a day than women do. This so-called word gap is often associated with smaller frontal and temporal lobes in men, the brain's center for language.

Cars vs. smiles

A Cambridge University study in 1-year-olds found that boys preferred watching films of cars (i.e., mechanical systems) and girls preferred films of people's faces. Boys also tended to make less eye contact than girls, indicating less interest in social connections.

The testosterone test

According to a Harvard study, men's testosterone levels drop when they're holding a baby. Even cradling a doll can decrease the amount of the hormone linked with virility.


According to Stewart, anatomical differences in men's and women's brains account for increased physical and mental problems in each gender. Men, who tend to take more risks, are therefore more vulnerable to car accidents, illnesses as a result of smoking, and cardiovascular diseases.

Women, who tend to have lower serotonin levels in their brains, are more susceptible to related conditions such as migraines, fibromyalgia and depression.

Source: The Charleston Gazette

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 27 September 2009 at 1:48am

Girl Brain, Boy Brain?

The two are not the same, but new work shows just how wrong it is to assume that all gender differences are hardwired

Sex differences in the brain are sexy. As MRI scanning grows ever more sophisticated, neuroscientists keep refining their search for male-female brain - differences that will answer the age-old question, “Why can’t a woman think like a man?” (and vice-versa). file://localhost/Users/garethcook/Library/Caches/TemporaryItems/msoclip1/01/clip_filelist.xml -

Social cognition is one realm in which the search for brain sex differences should be especially fruitful. Females of all ages outperform males on tests requiring the recognition of emotion or relationships among other people. Sex differences in empathy emerge in infancy and persist throughout development, though the gap between adult women and men is larger than between girls and boys. .......... -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 27 September 2009 at 4:11am

hmmm...both nature and nurture....surprise surprise:)Professor Higgins should have been more optimistic...

Men, women and emotions - or why he never tells you how he’s feeling!

He just won’t talk! - women’s most common complaint

If I’ve heard it once, I’ve heard it a thousand times. Women everywhere seem to say the same thing about their male partners and it goes like this: ‘He just shuts off to emotion! He never tells me how he is feeling!' Or ‘He’ll leave the room and refuse to talk about it!'

So when Rosemary, a client of mine, started telling me about the difficulties she was having with her partner, I listened sympathetically and let her pour out her frustration without telling her that I had heard it all before. And when she finally came to a stop, I began to explain why so many men are uncomfortable exploring their feelings and why this is a good thing!

I think I had her full attention.

Going quiet - emotional upset versus problem solving

Male friends have told me they hate it when a woman asks them during a quiet moment: ‘What are you thinking?' Women find this a natural question because women tend to go quiet when they feel hurt or lied to. If a man is quiet, a women may assume his silence indicates that he is upset. Men, on the other hand, stop communicating when they have a problem to solve.
Understanding better how your partner processes emotions can clear up misunderstandings and bring greater tolerance into your relationship. The fact is that men and women are different in more than just the obvious physical ways.

Emotional arousal is bad for male health

This all reminds me of the old song: ‘Why can’t a woman be more like a man?' Except in this instance it’s: ‘Why can’t a man be more like a woman?' There are things you need to know about how most men and women relate differently to emotions.

And a prime difference is that men have to protect themselves from emotional arousal for the sake of their health.

The 1970s therapeutic ideal was about ‘getting in touch with your feelings.' However, more recent research shows that strong emotion - particularly for men - can be physically dangerous. Women used to be dismissively known as the ‘weaker sex' - but in some ways men are actually more vulnerable. Women not only live longer but at every stage of life the male is more likely to die than the female. Even in infancy, premature boys are more likely to die than premature girls.
Rosemary was surprised and relieved to learn that there are sound reasons why her male partner may ‘button up'.

Men act, women talk

Firstly, men’s brains are wired for action during high emotion, whereas women’s brains are wired for talking things over. If a man instinctively knows his anger is likely to lead to action (and possibly regrettable violence) he may try to stop it going that far by putting a lid it on it. Or ‘clamming up' as his partner may describe it.

Secondly, from an evolutionary perspective men would have had to shut off their emotions while out hunting, so over time it has become natural for them to do so.

But there is a third and even better reason why men typically may shut themselves off more from emotional arousal.
I’m out of here! - the male survival mechanism

In an emotionally-arousing situation, a man’s first instinct is to leave and calm down. This is partly due to how emotions affect men. They are a cue to physical action - the consequences of which could be terrible. If a man stays put and becomes very emotional, his blood pressure skyrockets and he is at risk of having a heart attack. It also takes much longer for a man’s blood pressure and immune system to return to normal after high emotion than it does for a woman. Therefore a man will instinctively try (without even knowing that this is what he is doing) to protect himself and escape the situation.
Young boys are more stressed by emotion than girls

This difference in male/female emotion processing is evident from a young age. Women need to be more tuned into their emotions than men because they are, more often, the ones who rear children (of course, this is a generalisation and there are always exceptions). One research study showed that young boys were much quicker to try to switch off a recording of a baby crying than young girls were. The researchers at first reasoned that this was because of male insensitivity. But it turned out that the boys had much higher levels of stress hormone in their bloodstreams than the girls did on hearing the emotionally arousing trigger. Men are actually more sensitive to emotion and so more likely to avoid it.

This gender difference persists through life and old men are much more likely to die soon after the loss of a partner than an elderly wife when she loses her husband.
Let’s have some understanding

The best way to relate to one another is for men to appreciate that a woman needs to off load sometimes and for a woman to know that a man may prefer to talk about practicalities rather than how he is feeling.

So a man, when he realises that his partner is upset or worried about something, can ask her if she would like to talk about it. But then he needs to resist the temptation to offer advice or tell her what to do! Just listen and affirm her feelings.

Conversely, a woman who notices something is up can think twice before asking that frightening question - ‘How do you feel?' or before starting to say ‘I feel'. A good alternative might perhaps be to say ‘It might be a good idea if we do such-and-such about that - This makes it action orientated and therefore less threatening to her male partner. Remember strong emotion physically harms a man and is a cue to action rather than discussion.
Rosemary’s relief

As you can imagine, Rosemary felt much happier when she had grasped all this. She suggested that this difference accounts for why far more women than men seek therapy - because they are more comfortable discussing their emotions. Knowledge is power and Rosemary is now confident that her relationship can survive. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 28 September 2009 at 6:10pm

<< Men act, women talk  >>

Language Performance And Differences In Brain Activity Possibly Affected By Sex

ScienceDaily (Jan. 31, 2009) — Men show greater activation than women in the brain regions connected to language,(1) according to researchers from CNRS, Université de Montpellier I and Montpellier III. In the new fMRI study researchers found differences among male and female groups on activation strength linked to verbal fluency (words generation). -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 28 September 2009 at 8:02pm

Neurobiologist Proposes ‘The End Of Sex As We Once Knew It’

ScienceDaily (Feb. 4, 2009) Women are not from Venus any more than men are from Mars. But even though both sexes are perfectly terrestrial beings, they are not lacking in other differences. And not only in their reproductive organs and behavior, either, but in such unsexy characteristics as the propensity for drug abuse, fine motor control, reaction to stress, moods and many brain structures.

According to Rockefeller University's Bruce S. McEwen, who has spent over four decades studying how hormones regulate the brain and nervous system, deciphering the substantial but often ignored differences between the sexes is crucial to developing more effective personalized medicine. He emphasizes that none of the findings suggest one sex is stronger or more intelligent, and in many cases, the differences discovered raise more questions than they answer.

In spite of the subject's political sensitivities, McEwen says, it is ignored at our collective peril. "It's amazing how ignorant people are about this," says McEwen, the head of the Harold and Margaret Milliken Hatch Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology. "Medicine is clueless as to how males and females really differ from one another. They have a very mechanistic view of disease and they tend to think it always works the same way in both sexes. That can be dangerous."

His article, "The end of sex as we once knew it," is the introduction to a special issue of the journal Physiology and Behavior published online Dec. 13 devoted to sex differences and outlines increasing research into the pervasive role of hormones in the brain. Men and women differ in crucial brain structures such as the hippocampus, which is known to be critical to learning and memory, and the corpus callosum, which permits the brain's two hemispheres to talk to one another and integrate.

Work by McEwen's lab and colleagues elsewhere has identified receptors for estrogen and other hormones in many parts of the rat brain and has shown that they do not reside in the neurons' nuclei, but rather in the dendrites, synapses and other processes. So the hormones don't act directly on the genes inside the nuclei, but only indirectly through other signaling pathways, recent experiments suggest. In most cases, scientists do not yet know what the behavioral repercussions of this extensive hormone activity in the brain are, but they are likely to be the source of real differences... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 01 October 2009 at 4:51pm
Originally posted by Al-Cordoby

<< Men act, women talk  >> -  

Men Talk More Than Women Overall, But Not In All Circumstances
ScienceDaily (Nov. 13, 2007) —  A Gallup poll recently confirmed that men and women both believe that it is women who are most likely to possess the gift of gab. Some even believe that women are biologically built for conversation. This widespread belief is challenged in new research.

The article* describes a recent set of meta-analyses conducted by Campbell Leaper and Melanie Ayres. These analyses collect all of the available evidence from decades of scientific study and systematically combine the findings into an overall picture of the differences between men and women regarding talkativeness.

The authors found a small but statistically reliable tendency for men to be more talkative than women overall -- especially in certain contexts, such as when they were conversing with their wives or with strangers. Women talked more to their children and to their college classmates.

The type of speech was also explored in the analyses, which looked at verbal behavior in a wide variety of contexts. The researchers discovered that, with strangers, women were generally more talkative when it came to using speech to affirm her connection to the listener, while men's speech focused more on an attempt to influence the listener. With close friends and family, however, there was very little difference between genders in the amount of speech.

"These findings compellingly debunk simplistic stereotypes about gender differences in language use," conclude Leaper and Ayres. "The notion that the female brain is built to systematically out-talk men is hard to square with the finding that gender differences appear and disappear, depending on the interaction context. The results of the meta-analyses bolster arguments for social rather than strong biological influences of gender differences in language use." -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 02 October 2009 at 3:43pm

Boys Will Be Boys, Girls Will Be Girls

Brain-based Gender Differences

The Trouble with Boys

Get 70% of D’s and F’s.

Make up 80% of discipline problems

Make up 70% of learning disabilities

Make up 80% of those on Ritalin

Are 1 to 1 ½ years behind girls in reading and writing

Make up 80% of HS dropouts

“The percentage of male undergraduates dropped 24 percent from 1970 to 2000… [In America] Thirty years ago men represented 58% of the undergraduate student body. Now they’re a minority of 44%....This widening gap, says Margaret Spellings, U.S. Sec. of Educ., ‘has profound implications for the economy, society, families and democracy.’” Source--Newsweek, Jan. 30, 2006

The Minds of Girls

By adolescence, a girl’s corpus callosum is 25 percent larger than a boy’s. The corpus callosum is the bundle of nerves that sends signals across the two parts of the brain. This enables more “cross talk” between hemispheres. Because of the greater cross talk, girls are able to multitask better than boys.

• Girls have fewer attention span problems and can make faster transitions between lessons.

• Stronger neural connectors create better listening skills, more detailed memory storage, and better discrimination among the tones of voice.

• A girl’s stronger neural connectors and a larger hippocampus provide greater use of sensory memory details in speaking and writing.

• Girls’ prefrontal cortex develops earlier and is larger than boys’.

• Girls have more serotonin and make fewer impulsive decisions than boys. Teenagers don’t think of the consequences of their actions. They act on impulse. It is the serotonin and oxytocin that tell a teenager to slow down and think about what could happen if they did something. “Our jobs as adults is to serve as external frontal lobes.”

A girl’s brain also experiences approximately 15% more blood flow, which is located in more centers of the brain than a boy’s.

With more cortical areas devoted to verbal functioning, girls are better at: sensory memory, sitting still, listening, tonality, mental cross talk, and the complexities of reading and writing, i.e. the very skills and behaviors often rewarded in schools. -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 02 October 2009 at 7:13pm
<< “Our jobs as adults is to serve as external frontal lobes.” >>
very informative analysis...Thank You for posting Brother Tarek
Michael Gurian has done some outstanding work in the field of gender differences and the impact it can have to take them into consideration while raising children...
A Recipe For Growing Good Men

by Seattle Times
Jerry Large
 May 14, 2009 - Leadership and the Sexes: Using Gender Science to Create Success in Business - Michael Gurian with Barbara Annis. Jossey-Bass, $27.95 (272p) ISBN 978-0-7879-9703-8

Boys and girls are different.

Comedians know this. We laugh at their jokes about the differences, because on some level we get it, but we don't always put what we know to use improving the way we raise and teach kids. Recently I've listened to two lecturers tell parents and teachers how gender affects the development of young people. JoAnn Deak spoke at The Northwest School, and Michael Gurian visited O'Dea High School.

Both use the latest research in brain science to tell us what, as Gurian pointed out, all of our ancestors from cultures across the planet knew about raising kids — stuff we've forgotten.

Part one: "The Purpose of Boys," which is the title of the newest book from Gurian, who is co-founder of the Gurian Institute, a family therapist and father of two girls, and who stirred up new interest in the development of boys a decade ago with "The Wonder of Boys."

He started with statistics. Schools suspend 250 boys for every one girl and expel 340 boys for every one girl. Boys are much more likely to wind up in prison. You get the point.

Brain research helps us see why and what we can do about it.

He focused on brains at the two ends of the spectrum. Girls have sharper senses, they are more verbal and the two sides of their brains communicate with each other more.

Boys are geared toward action, are less verbal, more likely to take risks.

The parts of the brain that affect focus, forethought, impulse control, judgment, empathy and insight mature later in males.

It's not a matter of superior or inferior. The two extremes have different strengths and compliment each other, at least when they aren't conflicting.

Gurian showed scans of typical male and female brains the way they'd look after a day at school or work.

The female brain was still lit up, but the male brain was mostly dark. Which is why, he said, a couple gets home and the wife wants to recharge by talking about the day and the husband wants to flop on the couch and click through channels on the TV.

In a classroom, male brains zone out easily unless teachers know how to keep them glowing. Boys need to move around; the teacher needs to be louder and more animated, for a start.

Sometimes boys try to keep their brains turned on by doing stuff that teachers may find annoying, like tapping a pencil on the desk. They do things that get them sent to the office when they're just trying to fight their biology.

One of the reasons this society put aside so much ancient gender teaching is that many cultures were and are biased against women and girls.

But the new science helps separate culturally enforced gender roles from what's biological.

Here's a small taste of Gurian's recipe for growing good men.

From birth they need love and a sense of their birthright, that they are descended from people who matter.

As they grow they need praise, but only for true accomplishments. He said we tend to praise too much and do too much for them. Trying and failing helps boys grow up.

In their late teens they need to know what they are good at, "a sense that something inside him is needed in the world."

They need education they see as relevant to their lives, otherwise they will tune out.

Older boys need mentors other than their mother and father.

And young men need something to which they can be devoted. It gives men a sense of self-worth.

All of this harnesses men's aggression and channels their quest for status into behavior beneficial to family and community.

Later, I'll share a some of Deak's advice for raising and teaching girls. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 03 October 2009 at 6:29pm

Traditional Gender Roles Cemented In Popular Therapy For Couples

ScienceDaily (May 4, 2009) — In recent years a slew of books and TV programs have been produced on the theme of couples. Popular therapists give advice about the art of succeeding as a couple. The sociologist Sara Eldén at Lund University in Sweden has found that the advice these therapists offer often leads to a reinforcement of traditional gender roles.

In the past it was religion and tradition that provided guidance regarding how to be successful in your relationship. Today these traditional authorities are no longer important.

On the other hand, according to Sara Eldén, new 'scripts' are being created for couples to relate to as they work  to enhance their relationship. One of these scripts is authored by popular therapists in self-help books, TV programs, and magazines.

According to popular therapists, equality, security, and respect are the watchwords for a successful relationship as a couple. The problem arises, as Sara Eldén sees it, when the therapists try to help the couple address their troubles.

"Therapy is about the parties' seeking out faults and behaviors they have that can be changed," she says.

Finding faults in others, for example, that the man is not holding up his end in terms of housekeeping, is not a useful path, according to today's experts. This means that the issue of an uneven distribution of labor never comes up for discussion. The solution to the couple's problem in popular therapy TV programs therefore often entails that the man and woman actually move closer to stereotypical gender roles.

On the other hand, Sara Eldén has seen other tendencies in TV viewers' discussion forums on the Web that are usually connected with the programs.

"In viewer discussions the popular therapy solutions are challenged," says Sara Eldén. Here women point out, and it is almost only women who take part, that it is precisely the uneven distribution of household work that is the big problem.

Even though Sara Eldén is skeptical to much of the new wave of popular therapy programs, she also see a great deal that is positive, including the fact that they have lent legitimacy to issues that are regarded as "typical women's questions."

"These TV programs have clearly been a catalyst, and in the discussions carried out in the Web forums, there is great potential for issues of equality in the home to be politicized." -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 09 October 2009 at 12:10pm

Why Boys Excel in Maths and Science?

An interesting talk by Dr. Lise Eliot, author of a book titled (Pink Brain, Blue Brain) -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 10 October 2009 at 10:42pm

One of the reasons why physiological differences between male and female brains have not been widely noted before may be that most of what we know about the brain comes from studies of males, animals and human volunteers. "If even a small proportion of what has been inferred from these studies does not apply to females, it means a huge body of research has been built on shaky foundations," the review comments.

Professor Jeff Mogil from McGill University, in Montreal, Canada, who has demonstrated major differences in pain processing in males and females, puts it even more forcefully. He is astonished that so many researchers have failed to include female animals in their studies. "It's scandalous," he said. "Women are the most common pain sufferers, and yet our model for basic pain research is the male rat."

A guide to the male and female control panels


Controlled by the frontal lobe, which is proportionally larger in women.


Controlled by the limbic cortex, which is also proportionally larger in women.


Controlled by the parietal cortex , which regulates how we move around. Proportionally larger in men.


Controlled by the amygdala, which is proportionally larger in men. When recalling an emotionally charged scene, men enlist its right side, women its left. Men remember the gist of the scene, and women the details.


Controlled by the periaqueductal grey, an area of grey matter in the mid-brain, known to have a role in the suppression of pain in men but perhaps not in women. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 14 October 2009 at 12:10am -
- -
- Male-Female Differences
I encourage people to learn all they can about brain function and to apply the knowledge they gain to their own lives on a daily basis. Because it is often easier to start from something than from nothing, I have prepared these summaries related to male-female differences.

My goal is to stimulate thinking and observation, trigger increased awareness at an individual level, jumpstart applications for every day living, and provide options for behaviors. Although I have relied heavily on brain function research, a plethora of studies, and discussions with brain researchers and other experts, the summaries represent my own brain’s opinion.

Strictly speaking, many use the word sex to refer to physical characteristics impacted by nature, and the word gender to refer to characteristics impacted by culture or nurture. Because of the close connection between nature and nurture and an inability to clearly distinguish between the impact of each in a person’s life and development after about the age of one year, I use these terms virtually synonymously. 

1 - Aging Rates
2 - Alcoholic Disorders
3 - Approach to Loss and Grief
4 - Approach to Problems
5 - Approach to Spirituality and Religion
6 - Brain Blood Flow
7 - Categories of Differences
8 - Dental Anxiety
9 - Eating Disorders
10 - Friendships
11 - Gender Hearing Differences
12 - Health Issues
13 - Hemispheric Connections
14 - Humor and Laughter Differences
15 - I. Q. Tests
16 - Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
17 - Male-Female Differences - Music
18 - Metabolic Rates and Strength
19 - Nature and Nurture
20 - Perception of Pain
21 - Print-out Metaphor
22 - Selected Definitions
23 - Systemizing and Empathizing
24 - Testosterone Impact
25 - The Gender Continuum
26 - Triune Ear
27 - Trunk-Cabinet Metaphor
28 - Vision Style Differences

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 09 November 2009 at 12:07am
Originally posted by a well wisher

A guide to the male and female control panels


Controlled by the frontal lobe, which is proportionally larger in women.


Controlled by the limbic cortex, which is also proportionally larger in women.


Controlled by the parietal cortex , which regulates how we move around. Proportionally larger in men.


Controlled by the amygdala, which is proportionally larger in men. When recalling an emotionally charged scene, men enlist its right side, women its left. Men remember the gist of the scene, and women the details.


Controlled by the periaqueductal grey, an area of grey matter in the mid-brain, known to have a role in the suppression of pain in men but perhaps not in women. -
A very interesting comparison
Seems that there is plenty of room for more research in this field
Women Are Sort Of More Tentative Than Men, Aren't They?

ScienceDaily (Aug. 26, 2009) — Women hedge, issue disclaimers and ask questions when they communicate, language features that can suggest uncertainty, lack of confidence and low status. But men do the same, according to new research from the University of California, Davis. -  

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 16 November 2009 at 2:51pm

Purdue study shows men, women share same planet

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - It turns out men and women aren't from different planets after all, according to research from a Purdue University interpersonal communication expert.

For more than a decade, Americans have bought books and games based on the multimillion dollar industry built around the "Men are From Mars and Women are From Venus" theory, which explains communication differences between men and women as resulting from different gender cultures.

Now, research by - Erina MacGeorge , an assistant professor of communication, shows there are small differences between men's and women's comforting skills, but not enough to claim the sexes are their own cultures or come from different planets.

"When it comes to comforting, the Mars-Venus concept is not only wrong, but harmful," MacGeorge says. "For the most part, men and women use, and strongly prefer, the same ways of comforting others – listening, sympathizing and giving thoughtful advice. Yet books like John Gray's 'Men are From Mars and Women are From Venus' and Deborah Tannen's 'You Just Don't Understand' tell men that being masculine means dismissing feelings and downplaying problems. That isn't what most men do, and it isn't good for either men or women." -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 21 November 2009 at 1:55am

Lise Eliot: Pink Brain, Blue Brain

Why don't boys play with dolls?

Lise Eliot, the author of Pink Brain, Blue Brain, explains how boys and girls at the age  of 1, 3 & 5 differ in their choice of toys -

Very interesting remarks

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 22 November 2009 at 7:19am
Yes indeed...quite interesting...
There is comprehensive and compelling evidence for us to venture into the field of neuroanthropology as far as brain sciences are concerned that outlines why we can't fully understand the brain or culture while thinking of them as separate entities...This is intriguing...
The Encultured Brain:'Why Neuroanthropology? Why Now?'

Neuroanthropology places the brain and nervous system at the center of discussions about human nature, recognizing that much of what makes us distinctive inheres in the size, specialization, and dynamic openness of the human nervous system. By starting with neural physiology and its variability, neuroanthropology situates itself from the beginning in the interaction of nature and culture, the inextricable interweaving of developmental unfolding and evolutionary endowment.

Our brain and nervous system are our cultural organs. While virtually all parts of the human body—skeleton, muscles, joints, guts—bear the stamp of our behavioral variety, our nervous system is especially immature at birth, our brain disproportionately small in relation to its adult size and disproportionately susceptible to cultural sculpting. Compared to other mammals, our first year of life finds our brain developing as if in utero, immersed in language, social interaction, and the material world when other species are still shielded by their mother’s body from this outside world. This immersion means that our ideas about ourselves and how we want to raise our children affect the environmental niche in which our nervous system unfolds, influencing gene expression and developmental processes to the cellular level.

Increasingly, neuroscientists are finding evidence of functional differences in brain activity and architecture between cultural groups, occupations, and individuals with different skill sets. The implication for neuroanthropology is obvious: forms of enculturation, social norms, training regimens, ritual, and patterns of experience shape how our brains work and are structured. But the predominant reason that culture becomes embodied, even though many anthropologists overlook it, is that neuroanatomy inherently makes experience material. Without material change in the brain, learning, memory, maturation, and even trauma could not happen. Neural systems adapt through long-term refinement and remodeling, which leads to deep enculturation. Through systematic change in the nervous system, the human body learns to orchestrate itself as well as it eventually does. Cultural concepts and meanings become anatomy.

Although every animal’s nervous system is open to the world, the human nervous system is especially adept at projecting mental constructs onto the world, transforming the environment into a sociocognitive niche that scaffolds and extends the brain’s abilities. This niche is constructed through social relationships, physical environments, ritual patterns, and symbolic constructs that shape behavior and ideas, create divisions, and pattern lives. Thus, our brains become encultured through reciprocal processes of externalization and internalization, where we use the material world to think and act even as that world shapes our cognitive capacities, sensory systems, and response patterns.... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 28 November 2009 at 3:35pm

Children need a wide variety of learning experiences to develop both female and male gender-related skills

Some characteristics are gender equal, according to the education consultant and author.  Others may be more dominant in females or males. For example, fear and anxiety are greater among females.  Joy and happiness – positive emotions – are gender fair.
Men and woman can do the same things, but they take different roads to get there. Thus, it is important during the early years to expose females to learning experiences that will help them develop male dominant skills and vice versa. 

Deak describes the differences to children by saying that males see the forest (overview), while females see the trees (detail). Some do both equally well.

Some people believe it is going against the grain to moderate gender disposition by early intervention.  Deak disagrees.

Varied learning experiences in early childhood can assure that children develop both female and male skills. In pre-school boys left to play will spend five hours a week with blocks; girls will spend 5-10 minutes. Young boys need to be put in the language corner and young girls in the block corner so they can develop dendrites for each other’s areas. If we change the environment girls can learn male dominant skills and vice versa. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 30 November 2009 at 2:01pm
Neuroeconomics and gender differences
Neuroeconomics is the use of data on brain processes to suggest new underpinnings for economic theories, which explain how much people save, why there are strikes, why the stock market fluctuates, the nature of consumer confidence and its effect on the economy, and so forth.

Until recently, economists have always been content to treat the human brain as a "black box" and suggest mathematical equations which simplify what the brain is doing. Most empirical studies of economic behavior have therefore relied on measuring inputs, like prices, and predicting outputs, like how much people will buy, from a simplified theory of brain processes. This approach reflects a bias traceable to the 1880’s, when Jevons wrote “I hesitate it is impossible to measure the feelings of the human heart”.

This “rational choice” approach has been enormously successful. But now advances in genetics and brain imaging (and other techniques) have made it possible to observe detailed processes in the brain better than ever before. Brain scanning (ongoing at the new Broad Imaging Center at Caltech) shows which parts of the brain are active when people make economic decisions. This means that we will eventually be able to replace the simple mathematical ideas that have been used in economics with more neurally-detailed descriptions. For example, when economists think about gambling they assume that people combine the chance of winning (probability) with an expectation of how they will value winning and losing (“utilities”). If this theory is correct, neuroeconomics will find two processes in the brain—one for guessing how likely one is to win and lose, and another for evaluating the hedonic pleasure and pain of winning and losing—and another brain region which combines probability and hedonic sensations. More likely, neuroeconomics will show that the desire or aversion to gamble is more complicated than that simple model. Research already shows that pathological gamblers tend to lack a certain gene which limits how much pleasure (in the form of the amount of “dopamine” neurotransmitter that is released when they win) they get from winning. Not getting enough dopamine from everyday pleasures means gamblers need bigger and bigger “fixes” to feel stimulated. In our lab at Caltech, we are also investigating the “fear of the unknown” or “tolerance for ambiguity”—how willing are people to gamble, invest, or take a social risk (like going to a party where they don’t know anybody)? Our hunch is that fear of the unknown is triggered by activity in the “amygdala”, an almond-shaped region (common to most mammals) which is active in registering very rapid sensations of fear, and in both learning and unlearning what to be afraid of. Understanding the neural basis of investing in the face of unknown odds is important for understanding economic phenomena like entrepreneurship, since entrepreneurs start businesses knowing little about their odds—they are economically fearless in a way that most people are not...
In early fMRI brain scanning, with collaborators at Baylor Medical Center, we have studied what goes on in peoples’ brains when they trust and decide how much to repay. We found a surprising effect of gender. When men decide how much to trust or repay, an area called the “medial cingulate sulcus” is active. This is an area used to process potential reward, and calculate numbers. The male brains are just “doing the math” and turn off after they have made a decision. The female brains are quite different. After women have decided how much to repay, but before they know how their partner reacted to their decision, areas of the brain active in processing potential reward (ventromedial prefrontal cortex and ventral striatum) and in regulating worry and error-detection (caudate nucleus) are active. The women are worrying, and thinking about the reward consequences, after they have decided how much to repay.

The difference in brain activity in the two genders is like the kind of behavior you might see after a couple gets home from a potluck dinner and rehashes the event. The man wants to turn on the TV and catch some sports scores (his medial cingulate is turned off). The woman is more likely to rehash the evening’s events, and worry about whether she said the right thing and whether the hostess was happy with the dish she brought, and whether plans for having lunch later in the week are genuine... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 02 December 2009 at 9:56am

New study finds men and women may respond differently to danger

Researchers using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study brain activation have found that men and women respond differently to positive and negative stimuli, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
"Men may direct more attention to sensory aspects of emotional stimuli and tend to process them in terms of implications for required action, whereas women direct more attention to the feelings engendered by emotional stimuli," said Andrzej Urbanik, M.D., Ph.D., chair of Radiology at Jagiellonian University Hospital in Krakow, Poland.

While viewing the negative images, women showed decidedly stronger and more extensive activation in the left thalamus, which relays sensory information to and from the - cerebral cortex , including the pain and pleasure centers. Men exhibited more activation in the left insula, which gauges the physiological state of the entire body and then generates subjective feelings that can bring about actions. Information from the insula is relayed to other brain structures involved in decision making.

"The - brain activation seen in the women might indicate stronger involvement of the neural circuit, which is associated with identification of - emotional stimuli ," Dr. Urbanik said. "The more pronounced activation of the - insular cortex in the men might be related to the autonomic components, such as elevated heart rate or increased sweating, that accompany watching emotional material."

The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary functions, including respiration, heart rate and digestion, and helps to adjust certain functions in response to stress or other environmental stimuli. It is responsible for the body's "fight or flight" response to threatening situations.

"In men, the negative images on the slides were more potent in driving their autonomic system," Dr. Urbanik said. "This might signal that when confronted with dangerous situations, men are more likely than women to take action."

While viewing positive images, women showed stronger and more extensive activation in the right superior temporal gyrus, which is involved in auditory processing and memory. Men exhibited stronger activation in the bilateral occipital lobes, which are associated with visual processing. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 21 January 2010 at 2:30pm
Empathy is a Hardwired Feeling

As I mentioned in - emotions and feelings are mediated by distinct neural systems. Whereas emotions are automatic responses to sensory stimuli, feelings are 'private, sbjective experiences' that emerge from the cognitive processing of an emotion eliciting state."

Providing hard evidence of this view is an excellent piece of research reported in - - neuroesthetics conference ).

"Human survival depends on the ability to function effectively within a social context. Central to successful social interaction is the ability to understand others intentions and beliefs. This capacity to represent mental states is referred to as "theory of mind" or the ability to "mentalize". Empathy, by contrast, broadly refers to being able to understand what others feel, be it an emotion or a sensory state. Accordingly, empathic experience enables us to understand what it feels like when someone else experiences sadness or happiness, and also pain, touch, or tickling."

An Overview of the Empathy Experiment: (A real stinger)

" - Each woman then had her brain scanned by - When the women were subjected to a strong shock, a whole series of brain regions lit up including those on the brain's left side that physically mapped the pain to their hand. The regions of the brain - the anterior insula ( - - ACC ) - involved in the emotional response to pain and other situations, also lit up.

But when their partners were zapped, regions physically mapping the pain were quiet while the - - suggesting these regions mediate empathy .

Singer suspects that our brain's ability to intuit the emotional response of others could have been strongly selected during evolution. "If I do something, it tells me will it make you smash me, will you kill me or will you like it? Being able to predict how others feel might have been necessary for human survival," she says.

I couldn't agree more, - - growing scientific literature on empathy and provides further evidence that - - neuroceuticals . -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 09 March 2010 at 8:58am
Neuroscientists Find That Men And Women Respond Differently To Stress
Functional magnetic resonance imaging of men and women under stress showed neuroscientists how their brains differed in response to stressful situations. In men, increased blood flow to the left orbitofrontal cortex suggested activation of the "fight or flight" response. In women, stress activated the limbic system, which is associated with emotional responses.
… And now, a new high-tech scientific study reveals the differences between men and women may really start at the top. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania used a high-tech imaging method to scan the brains of 16 men and 16 women. The subjects were placed inside a functional magnetic resonance imaging machine, or fMRI.

"Using this state-of-the art-functional magnetic resonance imaging technique, we try to directly visualize what the human brain does during stress," Jiongjiong Wang, Ph.D., a research assistant professor of radiology and neurology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, told Ivanhoe.

Researchers then purposely induced moderate performance stress by asking the men and women to count backward by 13, starting at 1,600. Researchers monitored the subject's heart rate. They also measured the blood flow to the brain and checked for cortisol, a stress hormone.

When the scans were completed, neuroscientists consistently found differences between the men's stressed-out brains and the women's. Men responded with increased blood flow to the right prefrontal cortex, responsible for "fight or flight." Women had increased blood flow to the limbic system, which is also associated with a more  nurturing and friendly response.

Doctors say this information may someday lead to a screening process for mood disorders. "In the future, when physicians treat patients -- especially depression, PTSD -- they need to take this into account that really, gender matters," Dr. Wang explains.

Other experts caution that hormones, genetics and environmental factors may influence these results, bringing to light yet another difference between men and women. Neuroscientists say the changes in the brain during stress response also lasted longer in women... -

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 03 April 2010 at 6:18pm

Men Have A Harder Time Forgiving Than Women Do

ScienceDaily (Mar. 3, 2008) — Forgiveness can be a powerful means to healing, but it does not come naturally for both sexes. Men have a harder time forgiving than women do, according to Case Western Reserve University psychologist Julie Juola Exline. But that can change if men develop empathy toward an offender by seeing they may also be capable of similar actions. Then the gender gap closes, and men become less vengeful.

In seven forgiveness-related studies Exline conducted between 1998 through 2005 with more than 1,400 college students, gender differences between men and women consistently emerged....
Exline said prior studies have shown that at baseline (without any interventions), men tend to be more vengeful than women, who have been taught from childhood to put themselves "in the shoes of others" and empathize with them.

In Exline's study, women who recalled similar offenses of their own did not show much difference in their levels of vengeance, in contrast to men. Women, having been taught from an early age to be more empathetic, lean toward relationship building and do not emphasize the vengeful side of justice to the degree that men do.

The researchers found that people of both genders are more forgiving when they see themselves as capable of committing a similar action to the offender's; it tends to make the offense seem smaller. Seeing capability also increases empathic understanding of the offense and causes people to feel more similar to the offenders. Each of these factors, in turn, predicts more forgiving attitudes. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 03 May 2010 at 12:38am

The Male Brain

Dr. Louann Brizendine, from the Dominican University of California, gives scientific insight on the male brain on Fora TV -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 19 May 2010 at 2:11pm
Good Discussion...Thank You for posting
Brain Dominance and its Effect on Sex Differences

The sexes are different because their brains are different. (Moir, 1991)
In the past ten years, there have been many researches concerning what makes the sexes different. Remarkably, these doctors, scientists, psychologists, and sociologists are not working together but still have arrived at a very similar conclusion.
Until a few years ago, the difference between the sexes has always been attributed to social conditioning. This is the expectations of parents whose own attitudes reflect the expectations of society. Very little attention was given to the biological view that a person may be what he or she is because of the way he or she was made or what kind of hormone he or she may possess.
Hormones make people behave in specific stereotypical ways. They may provide the partial answer in the difference of the sexes but the answer lies in a more important part of our body – the brain. The brain is one of the most vital organs of our body. It weighs three pounds and is made up of neutral tissue. The brain is divided into two parts or sides and is also known as the hemispheres. The brain consists of the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere. These two hemispheres are joined by a bundle of nerves called the corpus callosum
But there will come time when the brain has already been organized. No amount of additional male hormones can change the brains organization.
Havelock Ellis’s book, Man and Woman (1894), cited several differences. Women’s superiority over men in memory, cunning, dissimulation, compassion, patience, and tidiness. He also stated that a woman genius seemed to need the close support of a man, citing Madame Curie, the wife of a distinguished scientist and Mrs. Browning, a poet whose best poems were made after she met Mr. Browning, as examples... -


La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 02 June 2010 at 4:33pm
When a man and a woman witness an accident or a crime which involves violence, the woman is more likely to turn her sight away from the incident

Is this a correct assumption?

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 02 June 2010 at 10:47pm
Yes I think your assumption is correct...
I can answer this question according to my experience/understanding...Others may share if their experiences are somewhat different...
I am personally quite averse to violence - let alone an accident or a crime but even very graphic violent shows on TV or video games make me uncomfortable...It's quite a disturbing trend to see violence creep into everyday life through media many people are getting desensitized as they view it on a regular basis ..but it is still interesting to note that such violent games are more popular with boys and not girls for some reason.
So both nature and nurture again has a role  in this scenario example I can give is when I was a med student and went to Anatomy Dissection for the first time, I nearly fainted :)Thats again a vasovagal syncope response which is more common in women  and can be triggered by fear....But later I ended up enjoying surgery and in my free time I use to observe neuro/spinal operations that last for several hours sometimes and are pretty gruesome so I guess my brain just adjusted...
A scientific basis, I think, from my understanding of why women have a lower threshold for violence is that they have more empathizing tendencies and literally can feel the others' they avoid it if possible...

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: searching
Date Posted: 04 June 2010 at 3:34pm
I haven't really read through this topic much yet but I do plan to. Something that stopped me was that when I tried to watch the video that was in the original post, I couldn't. YouTube had a message that it was removed due to a terms of use violation. Is there anywhere else that I could view this? Many of the replies were based on this video. Thanks. :)


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 05 June 2010 at 1:34am
This link has 5 minutes from the show: -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 13 June 2010 at 12:50am
Testosterone Directly Amplifies but Does Not Program Male Behaviors

ScienceDaily (May 3, 2010) — New research uncovers some surprising information about how sex hormones control masculinization of the brain during development and drive gender related behaviors in adult males. The study, published in the April 29 issue of the journal Neuron, demonstrates that direct action of testosterone, the prototypical male hormone, is unnecessary for masculinizing the brain and behavior.

Testosterone and estrogen are thought to play an essential role in organizing and activating gender-specific patterns of behavior in sexually reproducing animals. Testosterone is produced by the testes and directly activates the androgen receptor (AR) in target tissues such as muscle. Estrogen is produced by the ovaries and is nearly undetectable in the circulation of males of most species. However, circulating testosterone in males can be converted into estrogen in the brain, and this testosterone-derived estrogen has been shown to control many male behaviors.

"It was known that testosterone and estrogen are essential for typical male behaviors in many vertebrate species," explains the study's senior author, Dr. Nirao M. Shah from the Department of Anatomy at the University of California, San Francisco. "However, how these two hormones interact to control masculinization of the brain and behavior remained to be established." ...


Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 16 June 2010 at 6:58pm

Male desire to be strong and protect family key to preventing suicides: study

( -- Masculine ideals of strength coupled with strong family ties can help men combat depression and overcome thoughts of suicide, according to University of British Columbia research.

In a study to appear in a forthcoming issue of Social Science and Medicine, UBC researchers John Oliffe and John Ogrodniczuk looked at how men’s ideas of masculinity served or hindered them during bouts of severe depression. Their findings shed light on risk factors and prevention strategies for suicide.

The authors analyzed qualitative data from interviews with 38 men between 24 and 50 years of age living in Vancouver and Prince George. The participants were self-identified or were formally diagnosed with depression.

The study suggests that men can best counter - suicidal thoughts by connecting with others - namely intimate partners and family - to regain some stability and to secure emotional support from others.

“Support from friends and connecting to other things including spirituality is often the conduit to men seeking professional help to overcome the suicidal thoughts that can accompany severe depression” says lead author Oliffe, an associate professor in the School of Nursing.

Men die by suicide at least three times more than women although it is women who are diagnosed at twice the rate of men for - depression . Men aged 20-29 have the highest rate of suicide. Statistics Canada reports that in 2003, the last year for which data is available, more than 2,900 men committed suicide.

The investigators found that most study participants expressed a strong commitment to their families and turned away from - suicide for the hurt and trauma it would cause loved ones.

“Here, men’s strong sense of masculine roles and responsibility as a provider and protector enables men to hold on while seeking support to regain some self-control,” says Oliffe. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: musicworld1
Date Posted: 18 June 2010 at 2:21am
thats nice and beautiful and working.


- Top Ten Lists | - Top Ten Guitarists

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 26 June 2010 at 4:11am
How the Brain Encodes Reward

A talk last year at MIT by a Japanese specialist on how the human brain encodes reward

Hikosaka describes research demonstrating that certain dopamine neurons become excited if a visual cue indicates a future reward, and become inhibited with a visual cue indicating no reward. Dopamine also increases after an action delivers a reward and decreases when an action produces no reward. Research began to explore whether dopamine neurons “encode motivational values, including reward and punishment.” After others’ studies yielded contradictory or uncertain conclusions, Hikosaka designed a set of studies on monkeys involving classical Pavlovian conditioning, with juice rewards and air puffs as aversive stimuli.

Among Hikosaka’s findings: some dopamine neurons were excited primarily by positive, reward-predicting stimuli, others inhibited by air puff-predicting stimuli. But he also found another group of dopamine neurons excited both by positive and negative reward-predicting stimuli (as well as the stimuli themselves). Hikosaka posited two types of neurons that react in very different ways to motivational signals, which he described as value-coding and salience-coding. He also determined that the lateral habenula, a part of the brain sitting at one end of the thalamus, seems to regulate dopamine pathways involved in some motivational responses. By sending a weak electric pulse through the lateral habenula, Hikosaka saw a very strong inhibition of the dopamine neurons that “encode mostly motivational values.” -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 06 July 2010 at 8:19pm

Talk Therapy Can Be Potent Medicine

And unlike medications for depression, which take weeks to become effective while symptoms abate gradually, her immediate reaction to psychotherapy speaks to a different mechanism of action and confirms what neuroscientists are demonstrating: social interactions, including psychotherapy, turn on brain circuits instantaneously. Why? Because humans are social animals; we’re wired to connect.

Neurons in the premotor cortex and the somatosensory cortex — mirror neurons, as they’re known — fire in synchrony with the behavior and feelings of others, attuning people’s brains. When a person sees someone smiling, some of the observer’s smile-controlling neurons are turned on, too. Or when someone winces in pain, the corresponding sensory neurons in the observer fire away in sympathy.

The premotor cortex, command central with respect to voluntary behaviors, is where decisions to act are made. Evolutionarily, it’s a tremendous advantage to learn coping through observation and imitation — mirror neurons’ raison d’être — whether learning to harness fire to deal with the elements, or learning to self-regulate, self-soothe or self-reflect, or any of the other myriad coping skills that modulate mood.

Think of how it feels for the depressed person, whose pervading negativism colors his or her thoughts, feelings and behavior, to be with an optimistic, yet not Pollyannaish, person who radiates confidence, warmth and humor while affirming that situations can be interpreted differently; how refreshing and hope-engendering it is to be with someone who not only understands one’s misery but says something that makes a difference. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 20 July 2010 at 4:31pm
First Concrete Evidence That Women Are Better Multitaskers Than Men

ScienceDaily (July 19, 2010) — Professor Keith Laws at the University's School of Psychology looked at multitasking in 50 male and 50 female undergraduates and found that although the sexes performed equally when they multitasked on simple maths and map reading tasks, women far excelled men when it came to planning how to search for a lost key, with 70 per cent of women performing better than their average male counterparts. -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 21 July 2010 at 4:39pm
Gender Differences in Communication
In any study of communication, there is variability in what is meant by "communication". Some individuals may consider only the verbal attributes whereas yet others will consider nonverbal interactions -- and the smart will focus on both.  In this discussion, both verbal and nonverbal aspects of communication will be considered.

What then is gender communication? Several have used the term to signify the differences in communication due to biology and others use it to represent differences resulting from social, psychological and cultural interactions. For most researchers gender communication focuses on the expressions used by one gender in the relationships and roles between people. The existence of a difference in gender communication has been a topic of interest for decades with generalizations being made between the sexes. Most published work on gender differences are believed to fall into 2 categories of bias: alpha where the difference is exaggerated or beta which presumes that there are few if any differences between the sexes (Canary & Dindia, 1992). The bias approach adopts the view that "similarities rather than differences characterize men and women" and that while "some noteworthy differences between men and women exist, when both within-and between-gender comparisons are made; the similarities are as important--if not more important--than the differences" (Canary & Dindia, 1992)).

Nonverbal communication refers to those actions that are distinct from speech. Thus nonverbal communication includes facial expression, hand and arm movement, posture, position and other movements of the body, legs or feet (Mehrabian, 2007). Nonverbal communication or body language has been consistently shown to be different in the two sexes (Glass, 1992).

Women are considered to be more nonverbally warmer than men with a tendency to smile and lean toward others during conversation. Women also use a pleasant warm voice in conversation that is not characteristic of conversations between men (Eckes, 2000). Differences have also been noted with respect to the gestures used while speaking. Men are observed to use straight and sharp movements, while women tend to have more fluid movement. In terms of posture, women tend to keep arms next to their bodies and cross their legs while men often have an open wider posture -- arms away from the body and legs apart.

Another difference lies in visual dominance, with men being considered to be more visually dominant than women. Visual dominance is defined as the ratio of the time spent maintaining eye contact while talking to the time spent maintaining eye contact while listening (Eckes, 2000). Of course, one needs to take into account that women have wider peripheral vision allowing them to give the impression they are looking in one direction while actually looking in another direction.

In communication men tend to sit other side-by-side next to each or stand at some distance. Women sit face-to-face with other women or stand closer, indicating a more open and intimate position that help them connect with one another. For men, a face-to-face position indicates challenge or confrontation. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 29 December 2010 at 3:51pm

Why We Fight: Men Check out in Stressful Situations, While Women Show Increased Brain Coordination When Looking at Angry Faces

ScienceDaily (Sep. 28, 2010) — A new study by USC researchers reveals that stressed men looking at angry faces had diminished activity in the brain regions responsible for understanding others' feelings.

Turns out the silent and stoic response to stress might be a guy thing after all.

"These are the first findings to indicate that sex differences in the effects of stress on social behavior extend to one of the most basic social transactions -- processing someone else's facial expression," said Mara Mather, director of the Emotion and Cognition Lab at USC.

In an article appearing the October 6 issue of the journal NeuroReport, Mather and her coauthors present a series of tests indicating that, under acute stress, men had less brain response to facial expressions, in particular, fear and anger.

In both men and women, looking at pictures of faces caused activity in the part of the brain used in basic visual processing (the "fusiform face area") and in parts of the brain used for interpreting and understanding facial expressions.

However, men under acute stress showed decreased activity not only in the fusiform face area but also decreased coordination among parts of the brain that help us interpret what emotions these faces are conveying.

In a marked sex difference, women under stress showed the opposite -- women under stress had increased activity in the fusiform face area and increased coordination among the regions of the brain used in interpreting facial emotions compared to the control group.

"The study indicates that experiencing acute stress can affect subsequent activity and interactions in brain regions in opposite ways for males and females," said Mather, associate professor of gerontology and psychology in the USC Davis School of Gerontology and the USC College of Letters, Arts and Sciences.

"Under stress, men tend to withdraw socially while women seek emotional support," Mather said.

Prior research has shown the crucial role of the insula in helping us simulate the experiences of others, while the temporal pole has been shown to be important for understanding the emotions of others. Both are part of a known circuit -- along with the inferior frontal region and the amygdala -- that contribute to empathy and social understanding. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 07 January 2011 at 1:46pm

Understanding Women

A short comedy video by Baba Ali with advice for men to better understand women

The difference between men and women when they are stressed is that men prefer to be left on their own in order to find time to solve their problems, whereas women like to speak about their problems and for their husband to listen.

For women, "listening" means showing empathy, not throwing out solutions. Don't interrupt with solutions, just "listen" !! -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: Squeegie
Date Posted: 07 January 2011 at 10:19pm
So true. I can come out and explain that a nuclear blast has just happened in the back room. My hubby, with three semesters of seminary and a counseling degree under his belt, could give me an answer to the problem in the back room, but if he does so before hearing me out, there's as likely to be a nuclear blast in the living room as well.


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 08 January 2011 at 12:42am
Originally posted by Squeegie

I can come out and explain that a nuclear blast has just happened in the back room. My hubby, with three semesters of seminary and a counseling degree under his belt, could give me an answer to the problem in the back room, but if he does so before hearing me out, there's as likely to be a nuclear blast in the living room as well.
If that's the case, one must be very careful
Any warnings on the wall?

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: Squeegie
Date Posted: 08 January 2011 at 7:32am
No, he's very good about living out the precept given in 1 Peter 3:7- live with your wife in an understanding manner


Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 14 January 2011 at 1:57am
This video by Baba Ali explains how men deal with stress -
(4 minutes)

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: talib84
Date Posted: 17 January 2011 at 7:33am
Originally posted by Al-Cordoby

One of the things Mark mentions in his talk is that when men are stressed, they need to go to their "nothing" box, and not talk about it, whereas when women are stressed they must talk about it ....
Then I must be a woman in a man's body .

"To be sure, Jesus will come and will restore all things. But I tell you, Jesus has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him everything they wished."

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 09 February 2011 at 3:26pm

The Trouble With Bright Girls

For women, ability doesn’t always lead to confidence. Here’s why -

Successful women know only too well that in any male-dominated profession, we often find ourselves at a distinct disadvantage.   We are routinely underestimated, underutilized, and even underpaid.  Studies show that women need to perform at extraordinarily high levels, just to appear moderately competent compared to our male coworkers.

But in my experience, smart and talented women rarely realize that one of the toughest hurdles they'll have to overcome to be successful lies within.  We judge our own abilities not only more harshly, but fundamentally differently, than men do.   Understanding why we do it is the first step to righting a terrible wrong.  And to do that, we need to take a step back in time.

Chances are good that if you are a successful professional today, you were a pretty bright fifth grade girl.  My graduate advisor, psychologist Carol Dweck (author of Mindset) conducted a series of studies in the 1980s, looking at how bright girls and boys in the fifth grade handled new, difficult and confusing material.

She found that bright girls, when given something to learn that was particularly foreign or complex, were quick to give up - and the higher the girls' IQ, the more likely they were to throw in the towel.  In fact, the straight-A girls showed the most helpless responses.  Bright boys, on the other hand, saw the difficult material as a challenge, and found it energizing.  They were more likely to redouble their efforts, rather than giving up.

Researchers have uncovered the reason for this difference in how difficulty is interpreted, and it is simply this:  more often than not, bright girls believe that their abilities are innate and unchangeable, while bright boys believe that they can develop ability through effort and practice. 

How often have you found yourself avoiding challenges and playing it safe, sticking to - goals you knew would be easy for you to reach?  Are there things you decided long ago that you could never be good at?  Skills you believed you would never possess?  If the list is a long one, you were probably one of the Bright Girls  - and your belief that you are "stuck" being exactly as you are has done more to determine the course of your life than you probably ever imagined.  Which would be fine, if your abilities were innate and unchangeable.  Only they're not.

No matter the ability - whether it's - intelligence , - creativity , self-control, - charm , or athleticism - studies show them to be profoundly malleable.  When it comes to mastering any skill, your experience, effort, and persistence matter a lot.    So if you were a Bright Girl, it's time to toss out your (mistaken) belief about how ability works, embrace the fact that you can always improve, and reclaim the confidence to tackle any challenge that you lost so long ago. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 11 February 2011 at 6:02pm
He Speaks, She Speaks -The Crying Game

A gender communication specialist unravels the mystery of how men and women communicate.

Women learn pretty early on in life that men can get uncomfortable when faced with a crying woman, and will often do just about anything to stem the flow of tears. His level of discomfort sky rockets as the sobs increase. He learns he has to keep that box of tissues handy anytime a potentially delicate issue or conflict has to be addressed. Usually, from his perspective her - motivation for tears may fall into one of these three categories: hormone, manipulation or sincere emotion. Crying is a foreign concept to most men, and it can be hard to navigate a situation charged with emotion and tears. One of the biggest mistakes men make in conflict is perceiving a woman's tears as an indication of sadness. Then the man begins to console the woman. She may respond by getting snappy, because he has misread the cue. Underneath a woman's tears is seldom sadness but rather anger! Although the man is experiencing a high discomfort level with her tears, he needs to get at the - anger she is feeling.

Women are taught to be "highly expressive" that is, they can express all their emotions, especially by crying. Emotions are a female trademark, but men report having feelings just as often as women. They just don't express them.

Girls and boys cry about the same amount of times until they reach the age of twelve, by the time they are eighteen women cry on average four times more than men. That is about 5.3 cries a month compared to a man's 1.4 times per month according to research by Dr. William Frey who studies tears.

So the old belief is true, women do cry more than men. But scientists still do not know exactly why this is true. One theory is that women cry more than men mostly because of social conditioning. As males are growing up they are urged to excel and become powerful, to never show their emotions, to be tough, independent, demanding, aggressive and good problem-solvers.

Males in our culture often hear things like, "big boys don't cry" or "take it like a man."

In an analysis of 500,000 adults, men rated just as high as women in emotional awareness. But men process and express emotions differently than women, and they have no roadmap for how to combine the masculine requirement of being strong and emotional at the same time. A woman cries and a man loses his temper; that seems to be the pervasive theme in many conflicts. Men and women react differently; she shows her vulnerability and he must remain in control.

Yet a woman gets into risky business when she cries, especially at work. She is often perceived in one of two ways. First, she is weak, emotional, and out of control. Second, she is using her tears as emotional blackmail, a form of manipulation, and he resents it. For a woman, crying is a no-win situation.

This is a dilemma for women, because the tears may flow naturally when we are worked up

85 percent of women and 73 percent of men said that they felt better after crying, which shows that tears may help remove chemicals that build up after - stress according to Frey. Also scientists and sociologists both say that women are more inclined than men to feel the urge to cry when they are frustrated.

This may lead to problems for women in certain situations at work. Researchers at Pennsylvania State University found that men's tears are viewed more positively than women's. This is because men are found crying less frequently. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 08 May 2011 at 12:19pm
Male/Female Differences Offer Insight Into Brain Development

In nearly all neuropsychiatric disorders there are differences in prevalence and age of onset between males and females. In illnesses such as schizophrenia, the symptom profile and response to treatment differs markedly between males and females. Despite these observations, according to speakers at a recent workshop on sex differences in the brain, scientists in many cases are studying mostly males in their animal research on the brain, or including both sexes, but not examining whether they differ.

Brain-based male/female differences—a frequent topic of popular media coverage—in fact offer an invaluable scientific opportunity for learning how the circuitry of the brain develops. Speakers at the NIMH-sponsored workshop, “Sex Differences in Brain, Behavior, Mental Health and Mental Disorders,” offered a series of provocative findings and a view of the potential this work has for revealing how genes, hormones and experience shape the developing brain.

Several speakers talked about sex hormone effects on learning and memory. Dr. Larry Cahill, University of California, Irvine, noted that, in women, stress hormones affect memory differently, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. Men and women viewing emotionally charged films show activation of different sides of the amygdala, a part of the brain that is central to emotional memory: in men, the right amygdala is activated, in women, the left amygdala is activated. Even the activity of the amygdala at rest is different in men and women. Dr. Tracey Shors of Rutgers University reported that, in work with rats, stress improves learning in males, but impairs it in females.

Even prenatally, stress has different effects on male and female offspring. Dr. Tracy Bale, at the University of Pennsylvania, reported on research in mice showing that maternal stress early in pregnancy affected how male offspring responded to stressful situations; they responded more like females. This work suggests differences in effects of early vs. late prenatal stress and may offer clues to why prenatal stress is associated with greater risk of such disorders as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia and autism. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 24 February 2012 at 2:51am

Girls' Verbal Skills Make Them Better at Arithmetic, Study Finds

ScienceDaily (Feb. 23, 2012) — While boys generally do better than girls in science and math, some studies have found that girls do better in arithmetic.

A new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, finds that the advantage comes from girls' superior verbal skills. -

"People have always thought that males' advantage is in math and spatial skills, and girls' advantage is in language," says Xinlin Zhou of Beijing Normal University, who cowrote the study with Wei Wei, Hao Lu, Hui Zhao, and Qi Dong of Beijing Normal University and Chuansheng Chen of the University of California-Irvine. "However, some parents and teachers in China say girls do arithmetic better than boys in primary school."

Zhou and his colleagues did a series of tests with children ages 8 to 11 at 12 primary schools in and around Beijing. Indeed, girls outperformed boys in many math skills.

They were better at arithmetic, including tasks like simple subtraction and complex multiplication. Girls were also better at numerosity comparison -- making a quick estimate of which of two arrays had more dots in it. Girls outperformed boys at quickly recognizing the larger of two numbers and at completing a series of numbers (like "2 4 6 8").
Boys performed better at mentally rotating three-dimensional images... -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 28 March 2012 at 9:25am
Love or Science? A Young Woman’s Dilemma

A recent - series of research studies  found that women are lured away from math and science by their desire for romance.  This research is fascinating on two levels.  First, because it highlights a difference between the genders as researchers found that women, but not men, would express less motivation to pursue a career in science, technology, engineering or math if they were prompted to think about romantic goals.

Secondly, because the study used simple images and overheard conversations to stimulate different goals (romantic goals vs. intelligence goals,) it highlights how easily our motivation can be influenced by subtle cues in our environment that we may not even be aware of.

The researchers’ hypothesis came from investigating the reason why, in spite of greater-than-ever gender equality in our society, the fields of science, technology, engineering and math continue to be predominantly male endeavors.  The researchers hypothesize that when women are prioritizing their goals for romance (as many young college age women are likely to do) they would steer away from career decisions that might lead them to traditionally masculine workplace roles.

I’m not sure I agree with this hypothesis, but it would be easy enough to test to see if the same finding can be found in men who are prompted to think about romance and then evaluated for their preference to pursue nursing or teaching careers.  I suspect there may be other factors at play.

Regardless, the most interesting part of this research is what it tells us about goal activation and pursuit.  These studies support other research that has been done on how exposure to certain objects, images or settings can influence how goals get prioritized and pursued.  People who are exposed to business paraphernalia, ( - briefcases vs. backpacks  for example) tend to be more competitive and less generous.  You can imagine how being surrounded by these cues in an office setting could change your behavior in substantial ways. - Another study  found that people exposed to an Apple logo demonstrated more creativity than those exposed to an IBM logo. 

In psychology circles, this is known as “ - priming ”—exposing someone to a subtle stimulus, which has been programmed through previous exposure to change intentions and behavior.  Subtle, but powerful . . . and kind of scary when you think about how your free will could be manipulated. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 07 March 2013 at 8:01am

Making Ethical Choices

Harvard psychologist Carol Gilligan believes that differences in ethic perspective are related to gender—that is, that men and women follow different but parallel paths of moral development that lead them to make their ethical choice based on different ethical criteria.

According to Gilligan, some people base ethical decisions on principles of justice, equality, impartiality, and rights. This is the justice perspective. But others base their decisions on a care perspective, which the need to preserve relationship and minimize hurt takes precedence over considerations of justice and rights. The care perspective places special significance on attachment and compassion, Gilligan writes, "the moral injunction not to act unfairly toward others, and not to turn away from someone in need, capture these different concerns."

Gilligan developed her theories about differences in ethical perspective in response to another Harvard psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, whose early findings suggested that men more often reached, the higher levels of moral development than women. Her research, then, pose challenges not only for other researcher interested in moral development, but also for social scientists exploring the differences between men and women.

Kohlberg postulated that there were three levels of moral maturity. At the earliest and least mature level, children typically define right and wrong in terms of what authority figures tell them is right and wrong, or in terms of what results in reward or punishment.

The second level is typical of adolescents who tend to base right and wrong on loyalties to their family and friends. The third and most mature level is achieved when a person comes to rely on universal and abstract ethical principles, such as the principles of justice or equality, that impartially take into account the interests of all persons.

Gilligan's research over the past eleven years suggests that women tend to be more concerned than men with maintaining good relationships with their family and friends, and with minimizing hurt to those whom they care about, characteristic of Kohlberg's second level of moral maturity. Men, on the other hand, are more likely to look at moral issues from the standpoint of impartial and impersonal principles, characteristic of the third and most mature level. By implication then, women appear—according to the standards developed by Kohlberg—to reach the third and most mature level much less frequently than men, and therefore to be less morally developed than men.

But Gilligan's work challenges this interpretation. The problem, she claims, is not women, but the theory of moral development that Kohlberg worked out.

Kohlberg's theory canonized the justice perspective favored by males because he and most of his subjects were male. Gilligan's research on women revealed, however, that a care perspective could also be a morally mature stage of moral reasoning, but one that is more favored by females.

Gilligan's research shows that women, more than men, view themselves as part of a network of relationships and feel that sustaining these relationships is a moral imperative. Central to this "female ethic" are notions of care and responsibility for others. By contrast, the "male ethic" of Kohlberg's third level is one based on abstract, impersonal principles.

Gilligan argues that for most women, progress toward moral maturity is marked by changes in the focus of caring, not by the development of the abstract, impersonal principles that Kohlberg proposes.

In the care perspective, the earliest level of moral development, she claims, is one marked by a concern with caring only for oneself. At the second level, others become the focus of caring. At the third level of moral development, the morally mature person achieves a balance between caring for others and caring for oneself.

"Progress from stage to stage is motivated, in part, by the individual's increasing understanding of human relationships, and, in part, by the attempt to maintain one's own integrity and care for one's self without neglecting others. Throughout this process, women regard themselves as selves-in-relation."

At the highest level of moral development, write philosophers Diana Meyers and Eva Feder Kittay, the care perspective embraces a "morality of nonviolence" that "leads to a universal condemnation of exploitation and hurt."

Gilligan admits, however, that both perspectives are valid, in fact complementary. She argues that "a shift in the focus of attention from concerns about justice to concerns about care changes the definition of what constitutes a moral problem, and leads the same situation to be seen in different ways."

Theoretically, writes Gilligan, "the distinction between justice and care cuts across the familiar divisions between thinking and feeling, egoism and altruism, theoretical and practical reasoning. It calls attention to the fact that all human relationships, public and private, can be characterized both in terms of equality and in terms of attachment, and that both inequality and detachment constitute grounds for moral concern."

"Gilligan's work provides a psychological frame that enables us to understand the psychology of the gender gap," observes psychologist Dorothy Austin. "By defining a distinctly different mode of moral reasoning, Gilligan allows us to rethink the male notion of patriotic sacrifice, and the notion of the 'other' as enemy." That, she says, may help to explain why men are willing to sacrifice their lives in battle, while women are willing to sacrifice themselves to preserve the lives of their children. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 09 March 2013 at 4:32pm
"Looking Back to Look Forward: Revisiting In a Different Voice."
Looking back now, it is perhaps easier to see that my title, In a Different Voice, calls for a new way of speaking, a change in the very terms of the conversation about ourselves and morality, women and men—about the human condition.
At the time I wrote In a Different Voice, I was aware of a problem in psychology that was in part a problem of method (the selection of boys and men only for studies of human development) and partly a problem of theory (a point of view from which men’s lives appeared interesting and women’s more or less of a mess). Clearly there was a problem, but in some ways the most interesting thing—at least to a psychologist’s eye—was that it had not been seen. Since I was among those who hadn’t seen it, despite the fact that I was teaching psychology, I asked: How could this have happened? In one sense, I was discovering the obvious.
Gender proved the tell-tale clue, not by locating the problem in women or men, but by pointing to where all this was coming from. A colleague in anthropology used to say that culture appears in the unspoken. Culture is the way of seeing and speaking that is so much a part of everyday living that it never has to be articulated. Fish don’t know they are swimming in water, until they are a fish out of water. It is when culture shifts that we recognize the ocean in which we have been drenched. What we had taken as natural or taken for granted becomes instead one way of seeing and speaking. By the 1970s, I along with many others had come to John Berger’s realization: “Never again will a single story be taken as though it’s the only one.”
In the changing culture of that time, in my early days of teaching, I heard myself respond to a woman’s question by saying, “That’s a great question, but it’s not what we’re talking about here.” And then found myself wondering, who is this “we” and what are we talking about? Reasonable questions at any time, but at the height of the women’s movement, I realized that I had aligned myself with a cultural standpoint from which women’s questions, however great, were for the most part beside the point. Writing In a Different Voice, I broke this alignment, divorcing myself from ways of speaking that portrayed men as humans and women as different. I realized that neither men nor women were noticing the omission of girls and women, or seeing it as a problem. Psychologists had assumed a culture in which men were the measure of humanity, and autonomy and rationality (“masculine” qualities) were the markers of maturity. It was a culture that counted on women not speaking for themselves.
Given the value of care and caring and the costs of carelessness, why is an ethic of care still embattled? What is the justice vs. care debate about? And what is the relationship of all this to women? Why are women’s voices still in the forefront in bringing these matters to our attention?In the gendered universe of patriarchy, care is a feminine ethic, not a universal one. Caring is what good women do, and the people who care are doing women’s work. They are devoted to others, responsive to their needs, attentive to their voices. They are selfless.To all these men—Freud and Erikson, Piaget and Kohlberg—women appeared deficient in development. Women’s investment in relationships was considered to be at the expense of a clear sense of self and women’s emotional responsiveness was said to compromise their capacity to think rationally and judge objectively. Thus the paradox noted in In a Different Voice: the very qualities that distinguished women’s moral goodness, their relational sensitivity and empathic concern, marked them as deficient in development.
Listening to women thus led me to make a distinction I have come to see as pivotal to understanding care ethics. Within a patriarchal framework, care is a feminine ethic. Within a democratic framework, care is a human ethic.
In the years since I wrote In a Different Voice, research in the human sciences has changed our understanding of the human condition. In The Age of Empathy (2010), the primatologist Frans de Waal calls for “a complete overhaul of assumptions about human nature” (p. 7), noting that these assumptions have been skewed by the emphasis on competition and aggression. His research provides extensive evidence of the empathic nature of primates including humans, and scientists more generally now speak of “emotional intelligence,” the “relational self,” and the “feeling brain.” The old gender binaries are coming undone. But in this changing conversation, a history tends to be lost or rewritten: these insights came initially from listening to women who joined reason with emotion, self with relationship, mind with body. In an age of climate change, pandemics, and nuclear weapons, interdependence has become self-evident. And with this recognition, it becomes obvious, as Patricia Papperman writes, that “There is nothing exceptional about vulnerable people.” Vulnerability, once associated with women, is a characteristic of humans.
Looking forward then, we can expect a struggle. As long as the different voice sounds different, the tensions between democracy and patriarchy continue. Once the ethic of care is released from its subsidiary position within a justice framework, it can guide us by framing the struggle in a way that clarifies what is at stake and by illuminating a path of resistance grounded not in ideology but in our humanity. If along the path we lose our way, we can remind ourselves to listen for voice, to pay attention to how things are gendered, and to remember that within ourselves we have the ability to spot a false story. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 30 July 2013 at 10:08pm

Why Men Need Women

WHAT makes some men miserly and others generous? What motivated Bill Gates, for example, to make more than $28 billion in philanthropic gifts while many of his billionaire peers kept relatively tightfisted control over their personal fortunes?

New evidence reveals a surprising answer. The mere presence of female family members — even infants — can be enough to nudge men in the generous direction.

In a provocative 2007 presentation in San Francisco, the psychologist Roy Baumeister asked, “ - Is there anything good about men? ” (The short answer, if you haven’t read “ - Demonic Males ,” by Dale Peterson and Richard Wrangham, is not much.) But our saving grace, Professor Baumeister argues, is that across a wide range of attributes, “men go to extremes more than women.” Men are responsible for the lion’s share of the worst acts of aggression and selfishness, but they also engage in some of the most extreme acts of helping and generosity.

On this point, the economists James Andreoni at the University of California, San Diego, and Lise Vesterlund at the University of Pittsburgh - report evidence that whereas many women prefer to share evenly, “men are more likely to be either perfectly selfish or perfectly selfless.” It may be that meaningful contact with women is one of the forces that tilt men toward greater selflessness.

THE warming effect of women on men has important implications for education and work. In schools, we need to think carefully about how we organize children into groups. In 1971, in the wake of Texas school desegregation, Elliot Aronson, a psychologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, validated a - simple but powerful approach to reducing stereotypes and prejudice. - &

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 03 November 2013 at 2:12am

WATCH: A Fascinating Peek Into a Baby's Brain

Cute, precious... brilliant?

You bet. Behind that adorable facade, your baby is performing complex calculations in an effort to figure out how exactly this crazy world of ours works.

Discover surprising research about babies' intelligence and find out why we adults might want to take a page from their book. - -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: Damo808
Date Posted: 03 November 2013 at 3:59am
Perhaps our brains evolved in tune with survival instincts from the stone-age or whenever. Where early men if they showed any sign of 'having problems'  could give of signs of weakness to  rivals, and diminish his manliness to his female counterpart/s. Women instinctively seek stability <<??? and would tend to have sought a suitable souter which would have meant a fit man, or a tribal elder, either which is a sign of potential stability and protection.

 Caveman hangover in men ?

out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be the ruler in Israel: and his going forth is from the beginning, from the days of eternity. Micah 5:5

Posted By: Magister
Date Posted: 04 November 2013 at 10:08am
Originally posted by a well wisher

Why Men Need Women

WHAT makes some men miserly and others generous? What motivated Bill Gates, for example, to make more than $28 billion in philanthropic gifts while many of his billionaire peers kept relatively tightfisted control over their personal fortunes?

New evidence reveals a surprising answer. The mere presence of female family members — even infants — can be enough to nudge men in the generous direction.

In a provocative 2007 presentation in San Francisco, the psychologist Roy Baumeister asked, “ - ” (The short answer, if you haven’t read “ - ,” by Dale Peterson and Richard Wrangham, is not much.) But our saving grace, Professor Baumeister argues, is that across a wide range of attributes, “men go to extremes more than women.” Men are responsible for the lion’s share of the worst acts of aggression and selfishness, but they also engage in some of the most extreme acts of helping and generosity.

On this point, the economists James Andreoni at the University of California, San Diego, and Lise Vesterlund at the University of Pittsburgh - that whereas many women prefer to share evenly, “men are more likely to be either perfectly selfish or perfectly selfless.” It may be that meaningful contact with women is one of the forces that tilt men toward greater selflessness.

THE warming effect of women on men has important implications for education and work. In schools, we need to think carefully about how we organize children into groups. In 1971, in the wake of Texas school desegregation, Elliot Aronson, a psychologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, validated a - to reducing stereotypes and prejudice. - &

This is nice and all, but he hasn't met the women I've met yet lol. If I went by them, no one would see a dime from me. But then again, I'm assuming his study didn't stretch across cultures but rather instead focused on his own (perhaps even his own sub-culture). His points on extremism, however, make perfect sense. Women seem to balance men a lot in that respect. I joke with my wife asking how I ever made decisions before she came along. Of course there was my mother, but if I lived alone as I got older, I know there'd be plenty of bad decisions I would've made without a woman on the sidelines guiding me even just a little.

I'm trying to remember if Elliot Aronson was the one who did that experiment back in the day where the kids with blue eyes were the "good" ones and the others were like subhuman, and then reversed the rules so that all the kids understood the pains of discrimination. Too bad psychology isn't the way it was back in the day, nowadays it's all about validating cultural beliefs, finding simple correlational relationships, arguing for modern cultural trends, and doing experiments whose results would be expected and perhaps heavily speculated over afterwards.

Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 04 December 2013 at 6:45am
Brain Connectivity Study Reveals Striking Differences Between Men and Women

A new brain connectivity study from Penn Medicine published today in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences found striking differences in the neural wiring of men and women that's lending credence to some commonly-held beliefs about their behavior.

n one of the largest studies looking at the "connectomes" of the sexes, Ragini Verma, PhD, an associate professor in the department of Radiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues found greater neural connectivity from front to back and within one hemisphere in males, suggesting their brains are structured to facilitate connectivity between perception and coordinated action.

In contrast, in females, the wiring goes between the left and right hemispheres, suggesting that they facilitate communication between the analytical and intuition.

"These maps show us a stark difference--and complementarity--in the architecture of the human brain that helps provide a potential neural basis as to why men excel at certain tasks, and women at others," said Verma.

For instance, on average, men are more likely better at learning and performing a single task at hand, like cycling or navigating directions, whereas women have superior memory and social cognition skills, making them more equipped for multitasking and creating solutions that work for a group. They have a mentalistic approach, so to speak.

Past studies have shown sex differences in the brain, but the neural wiring connecting regions across the whole brain that have been tied to such cognitive skills has never been fully shown in a large population... -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 08 February 2014 at 4:12pm
There are evolutionary, physiological and practical reasons passionate love is unlikely to endure for long. If we obsessed, endlessly, about our partners and had sex with them multiple times a day — every day — we would not be very productive at work or attentive to our children, our friends or our health. (To quote a line from the 2004 film “Before Sunset,” about two former lovers who chance to meet again after a decade, if passion did not fade, “we would end up doing nothing at all with our lives.” ) Indeed, the condition of being in love has a lot in common with the state of addiction and narcissism; if unabated, it will eventually exact a toll.

WHY, then, is the natural shift from passionate to companionate love often such a letdown? Because, although we may not realize it, we are biologically hard-wired to crave variety. Variety and novelty affect the brain in much the same way that drugs do — that is, they trigger activity that involves the neurotransmitter dopamine, as do pharmacological highs. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 05 March 2014 at 6:27am

Are men as depressed as women?

Yes they are, answers psychotherapist Terrence Real in his book, "I Don't Want to Talk About It: Overcoming the Secret Legacy of Male Depression"

Real depicts male depression as an epidemic rooted in a societal cacophony pressuring boys to bury their feelings in order to fit in.

"The whole point of boyhood is disconnection, severing them from their mothers, severing them from their feelings," Real explained during an eight-city book-tour stop in Seattle yesterday. "The very phrase `Be a man,' means, `Don't feel it.' "

Controversial? Somewhat. His conclusions contradict health statistics that clearly show twice as many women feel the pain and sadness of depression. Real's premise, however, expands the definition of depression to include both pain felt internally, as women are socialized to express it, and pain lashed out externally, the male-dominant expression.

"Depressed women tend to have pain; depressed men tend to have trouble," Real said. "These are two different manifestations of depression. It isn't that women are more depressed than men; it is that women are more overtly depressed than men."

"We tend not to recognize depression in men because the disorder itself is seen as unmanly," Real wrote in the first chapter. "Depression carries, to many, a double stain - the stigma of mental illness and also the stigma of `feminine' emotionality . . . Hidden depression drives several of the problems we think of as typically male: physical illness, alcohol and drug abuse, domestic violence, failures in intimacy, self-sabotage in careers." -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 25 March 2014 at 4:40pm

Empathy: Women Better Under Stress But Men Worse

When men are stressed they become more self-centred and less able to read the emotions and intentions of others, while under stress women become less self-centred.
The effects of stress on women are a surprise finding from a new study published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology. ( - Tomova et al., 2014 )

The researchers set out with the idea that stress would make everyone more self-centred since, when stressed, we don’t have the cognitive resources to think about others.

One of the study’s authors, Claus Lamm explains:

“Our starting hypothesis was that stressed individuals tend to become more egocentric. Taking a self-centred perspective in fact reduces the emotional/cognitive load. We therefore expected that in the experimental conditions people would be less empathic.”

They were surprised that the results only held true for men, not women, who actually became less self-centred under stress. - .

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 19 April 2014 at 3:23pm

The “Twilight” Manifesto: What Pop Culture Gets Wrong—and Right—About Masculinity

Blockbuster series like Twilight have left their mark on a generation of girls, but what message are they sending boys? Here are a few to look out for. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 05 November 2014 at 2:29pm
Women’s Emotions: Components of Emotional Health

It’s true that female emotional health is, overall, pretty complex. But at the core level, our overall sense of well-being is actually created out of a simple relationship between three complex components: life stress, the brain, and hormones. Today I hope to shed a little light on these three components of emotional health.

1) Life Stress & Experiences:
Research shows that women have much higher rates of life stress than men, overall, including poverty, domestic violence, and caretaking responsibilities¹. We all know the emotional toll that stress can take but did you know that your life experiences also have an impact on your brain chemistry? Male or female, every trauma, loss, or hurt we go through alters the chemistry of the brain so that we literally have a different brain today than we had years, or even a year, ago.

2) The Female Brain:
Your brain is the core of your emotions. This is true for men and women. Emotion originates in the area of the brain called the limbic system and is monitored and regulated by the front of the brain, called the cortex. I did my last internship in neuropsychology, studying the brain, and let me tell you: the brain, in general, is incredible. But the female brain is simply fascinating. Research shows that even as babies females are wired for empathy, hearing others, being heard, observation and reading emotion². In other words, females are born for connection. This makes us want to get to know, nurture, tend, and love others and is arguably one of the best qualities of women overall.

But it’s that same caring nature that can contribute to the higher rates of life stress in women: we simply take on too much and don’t give ourselves a break. When the brain is loaded with stress it begins to look like a seesaw with both ends weighed down. If we continue to load both sides that seesaw will eventually snap! and we will experience depression, anxiety, or just plain burnout. This is called allostatic loading and it happens all the time because we simply don’t do a very good job of taking care of our brains. Understanding the link between life stress and the brain can give us the motivation we need to care for our precious emotional core.

3) Hormones:
Your hormones are directly linked to your brain chemistry. Estrogen is, in fact, a pre-curser to the neurotransmitters, like Seratonin, in your brain that make you feel “well”. Estrogen helps maintain a steady flow of serotonin; too little serotonin leads to depression.

When the menstrual cycle comes along—with an increase in estrogen the first two weeks followed by a drop on day 14, and another drop the week before your period—these shifts in estrogen produce changes in the brain that can create symptoms similar to depression or anxiety³. And some women are more sensitive to shifts in hormones than others. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 06 November 2014 at 2:06pm
Men fall in love faster too — perhaps because they are more visual. Men experience love at first sight more regularly; and men fall in love just as often. Indeed, men are just as physiologically passionate. When my colleagues and I have scanned men’s brains (using fMRI), we have found that they show just as much activity as women in neural regions linked with feelings of intense romantic love. Interestingly, in the 2011 sample, I also found that when men fall in love, they are faster to introduce their new partner to friends and parents, more eager to kiss in public, and want to “live together” sooner. Then, when they are settled in, men have more intimate conversations with their wives than women do with their husbands—because women have many of their intimate conversations with their girlfriends. Last, men are just as likely to believe you can stay married to the same person forever (76% of both sexes). And other data show that after a break up, men are 2.5 times more likely to kill themselves.

In the Iliad, Homer called love “magic to make the sanest man go mad.” This brain system lives in both sexes. And I believe we’ll make better partnerships if we embrace the facts: men love — just as powerfully as women.

~Biological anthropologist Helen Fisher ~

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 09 November 2014 at 3:19pm
4 Things Neuroscience Can Teach Us About Love

Despite everything we know about human behavior and relationships, love remains a mystery to us. It causes us the greatest joy and the greatest pain, overwhelms us with inexplicable emotions, and makes us act in completely irrational ways. As if that weren't enough, we often feel we have little say in who becomes the object of our affection. In short, love seems to operate with little rhyme or reason. As Einstein put it, "Gravity cannot be held responsible for people falling in love."

But neuroscientists are coming to a better understanding of the ways romantic and other types of love occur in the brain, which could help us boost our capacity for love and improve our relationships. Research from Yale University published this week found some particularly startling neurological differences between two different varieties of love: romantic and selfless.

"Experientially, romantic love leaves you wanting more -- you want that next date, you want the next tweet, you want that next text -- whereas selfless love is boundless," Judson Brewer, director of research at the Center for Mindfulness and an associate professor at UMass Medical School, told the Huffington Post. "All you need to do is drop into it... It doesn't have that same driving quality to it, where you're strung out on it. It's wide open, it's delicious."

Selfless love makes us happy.

Male and female brains are more similar than they are different but there are some differences in the way romantic love occurs neurologically in men and women... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 25 November 2014 at 5:20pm
Brains do it:Lust, Attraction, and Attachment

Did you ever experience the unsettling sense that your sexual desires, romantic longings, and feelings of long-term emotional union were racing down different tracks? And perhaps ask yourself: Which of these is love?

The three tracks may be different brain circuits, says Helen Fisher, an anthro pologist at Rutgers University conducting research on the brain chemistry of the emotions associated with mating, reproduction, and parenting. With classic understatement, she suggests that the three emotional systems— lust, attraction, and attachment—“are some what disconnected in human beings...” But the situation is not hopeless, Fisher argues; the role of the prefrontal cortex in humans is to control and direct these emotions—if we so choose.

“What t’is to love?” Shakespeare asked. Thousands of answers have been offered—but surprisingly few by biologists, including brain scientists. Perhaps at some level scientists share the poet’s conceit that love is ineffable, a human fifth dimension beyond reason’s ken. While scientists regard other complex emotional states such as depression, anxiety, or fear as complex, but not unfathomable, love is relegated to the poets and songsters.

Neglecting the biology of the emotions that direct mating and reproduction, emotions that in our species are sometimes called “love,” has had tragic consequences. Certainly such love can be a joyous state, but it is also capable of producing deeply disturbing, even dangerous results. At least 25 percent of homicides in the United States involve spouses, sexual partners, or sexual rivals. Each year, some one million American women are followed and harassed by rejected lovers; 370,000 men are stalked by former partners; and approximately 1.8 million wives in the United States are beaten by their husbands. In fact, male sexual jealousy is the foremost cause of wife battering in cultures worldwide. Husbands, although to a lesser degree, are physically abused by wives. Men and women in societies everywhere can experience clinical depression when a love relationship fails; and psychologists say that a significant percentage of those who commit suicide do so because they have been rejected by a beloved...

The mind assembles data in novel patterns, so with the emergence of the prefrontal cortex, humans acquired a brain mechanism that enabled them to behave in unique ways—ways qualitatively different from behavior emanating from biology or experience alone. Indeed, given the impressive decision-making power of the prefrontal cortex, this agglomeration of brain tissue is probably the locus of what we term, variously, the self, ego, or psyche.

In other words, I believe that biology and culture—nature and nurture—are but two of the major forces shaping human behavior. The third is our psyche, our capacity for reason, choice, and self-directed action. The three forces always interact, of course. Biology predisposes us to love in general ways. Cultural experiences modify those predispositions, overriding some, accentuating others. Yet each of us assimilates the forces of biology and culture in his own fashion. We are capable of monitoring and at times overriding the power of lust, attraction, attachment, and detachment. We have evidence of that power. Some 75 percent of American men and 85 percent of American women report that they are not adulterous. Half of all Americans marry for life.

In the movie The African Queen, Katherine Hepburn remarks to Humphrey Bogart, “Nature, Mr. Alnutt, is something we were put on this earth to rise above.” As scientists discover more about the interactions among brain systems and brain regions, I predict that they will come to appreciate the pivotal role of the psyche in directing human action. Because of this brain architecture, I think that those in the medical and legal communities will come to be convinced that most men and women have the physiological capacity to refrain from stalking a rejecting partner. Most people can overcome their restlessness in long relationships; and most can say no to adultery and divorce.

So scientists are beginning to answer Shakespeare’s question, “what t’is to love.” This panoply of feelings stems from three primary and primordial circuits in the brain for lust, attraction, and attachment. But this academic knowledge can never destroy the actual satisfaction, craving, or ecstasy of loving. From deep in the emotional furnace of the mind comes chemistry that carries the magic of love... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 07 January 2015 at 4:16pm
Love and Fidelity in Premarital Sexuality

Is life-long love in marriage possible? Kevin Kwasnik, grad student and contributing writer for Prolife Propatria, attended Love and Fidelity’s conference in November. Following his experience, he authored this article to reflect on the cultural conditions that make marriage difficult for young adults today. He lists among the difficulties the ever prevalent presence of contraception, lack of commitment, and premarital sex in relationships:

It seems that, more and more, young men and women who desire marriage, as defined in the classical sense, lack the wherewithal to prepare for such a life-long union. Certain social mores that affect preparedness for marriage often remain unchecked and can inevitably perpetuate the cycle of poor preparation and poor marriages. Because of this, it’s probable to think that young adults will find it increasingly difficult to marry successfully.

Thankfully, though, some are taking up the charge to bring such issues to light.

Recently, I had the chance to attend a conference entitled, “Sexuality, Integrity, and the University,” hosted by the Love and Fidelity Network. The commentary offered by leading contemporary thinkers highlighted the issue of sexuality in the pre-marital context.

A central question of the conference was: What has contributed to this lack of capacity in men and women to successfully arrive at a lasting union? One of the keynote speakers, Mark Regnerus, an associate professor of Sociology at the University of Texas in Austin, proposed the following answer: the reduction of commodity and cost in sexual relationships.

The culture of the proverbial “hook-up” is at the heart of the failure of successful marriages. Regnerus noted that women have become less mindful of the cost of engaging in sex. Their awareness has become so diluted that they may have little ground upon which to object to sex outside of a lasting and committed relationship. When on the pill or using other forms of contraception, women may have less fear that their sexual activity will result in negative consequences. It is said, through diminishing this fear, women have mastered their sexuality and have given rise to a new freedom of expression.

Sadly, the data Regnerus offered illustrates something quite contrary to this: those who live the alluring Sex and the City lifestyle are more prone to experience depression. He found, in a sample of various women and men who engaged in sexual relationships, that the number of partners a woman had in a year corresponded to higher rates of depression. According to Regnerus, the only thing that served to mitigate the depression of sexually active women was if they were involved in committed relationships of one year or more.

This same study also reported something greatly different for men. No change in the depression scale whatsoever occurred where men had multiple sex partners. Uncommitted or committed, men remained emotionally indifferent. While this may not be shocking for many, it serves to explain for whom the cost of sex has been reduced. Sadly, while access to sex has greatly increased, women pay the price emotionally. That is, men no longer have to engage in various practices of wooing or establishing commitment before they are allowed access to sex.

Regnerus argues that the corollary of this fall in the cost of sex is that women have allowed the unique commodity of their sexuality to be undermined. They are the individuals that bear future generations and their sexuality speaks to the gift of new life. While new life would not come to be without the help of men, female sexuality is oriented to the gift of new life in a special way. Biologically speaking, women have an intimate relationship to offspring as a nurturing agent. They provide food, shelter, and protection in an intimate synergy of biological functioning. Men get the process going, so to speak, but they do not sustain the process in the same way as women.

The sexual revolution denied this unique value in exchange for a new one: widely accessible sex. But this came with a price: men and women don’t see the value of sex beyond pleasure, or in some cases personal union.

The unique commodity in sexual activity is the counterintuitive point to sexual liberation. Any biological, sexual expression can result in pleasure or personal union. Yet, uncontracepted sex between a man and a woman is the only biological act that creates new life.

Hamza Yusuf of the Zaytuna Institute, during a question and answer session at the conference, implored the gathered university students to remember “the onus is on women to effect change”–that is, women are the solution to wanton sex. When women hold fast to the unique value of their sexuality, they will raise the cost for men to engage in sexual relationships. Otherwise, women will reinforce the low-cost, high-gain mentality of men. Men offer less commitment for access to sex, when not implored to do so, and suffer little emotional damage in the process. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 28 January 2015 at 5:02pm
Husband or Wife? The Partner Whose Happiness Matters More For The Marriage

When the wife is happy with a long-term partnership, the husband is happier, no matter how he feels about the marriage.

For marital quality, it seems the wife’s happiness matters more than the husband’s.

The conclusion comes from a new study published in the Journal of Marriage and Family, which looked at the marital satisfaction and happiness of older adults (Carr et al., 2014).

Professor Deborah Carr, the study’s first author said:

“I think it comes down to the fact that when a wife is satisfied with the marriage she tends to do a lot more for her husband, which has a positive effect on his life.

Men tend to be less vocal about their relationships and their level of marital unhappiness might not be translated to their wives.”

Almost 400 couples took part in the research, which asked them how much they argue, get on each other’s nerves, whether they are appreciated by their spouses and how much they feel understood. -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 05 March 2015 at 4:19pm
Medicating Women’s Feelings

WOMEN are moody. By evolutionary design, we are hard-wired to be sensitive to our environments, empathic to our children’s needs and intuitive of our partners’ intentions. This is basic to our survival and that of our offspring. Some research suggests that women are often better at articulating their feelings than men because as the female brain develops, more capacity is reserved for language, memory, hearing and observing emotions in others.

These are observations rooted in biology, not intended to mesh with any kind of pro- or anti-feminist ideology. But they do have social implications. Women’s emotionality is a sign of health, not disease; it is a source of power. But we are under constant pressure to restrain our emotional lives. We have been taught to apologize for our tears, to suppress our anger and to fear being called hysterical.

The pharmaceutical industry plays on that fear, targeting women in a barrage of advertising on daytime talk shows and in magazines. More Americans are on psychiatric medications than ever before, and in my experience they are staying on them far longer than was ever intended. Sales of antidepressants and antianxiety meds have been booming in the past two decades, and they’ve recently been outpaced by an antipsychotic, Abilify, that is the No. 1 seller among all drugs in the United States, not just psychiatric ones.

As a psychiatrist practicing for 20 years, I must tell you, this is insane... -

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 11 January 2017 at 2:51pm

Men's Brains & Women's Brains - Mark Gungor -

(5 minutes)

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 20 February 2017 at 5:32am

How Man and Women keep score -

(10 minutes)

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: Al-Cordoby
Date Posted: 11 August 2017 at 6:17am
Women have more active brains than men, according to science

Women’s brains are significantly more active in many more regions than men’s, according to new research.

The findings could help explain why women are more vulnerable to anxiety, depression, insomnia and eating disorders.

The - study by scientists from Amen Clinics in California is the biggest brain imaging survey to date. It compared over 46,000 brain scans from nine clinics and analyzed the differences between male and female brains... -

Think Win-Win for a better world for all... - My Blog - Muslim Heritage

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 30 January 2019 at 3:10pm

Dr. Ken Doka & Dr. Gloria C. Horsley; How Women & Men Grieve -

(About 7 mins)

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

Posted By: a well wisher
Date Posted: 18 May 2019 at 7:44pm

Male vs Female Brain: Women Need More Sleep Due To Complex Brain Activity | Science of Behavior

Research shows that women need more sleep because their brains work harder. They found that women show more complex brain activity than men. Women are multi-taskers and use more regions of the brain during the day, resulting in a bigger need for sleep. A woman needs around 20 minutes more sleep than a man. -

(2 mins)

La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammadur Rasulullah

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